Ontario Genealogy

Ann Lawthers Rhonda R. McClure

How-To Guides

General for Canada

Tools of the Trade for Canadian Genealogy: A Guide for Family Historians Researching in Canada, by Althea Douglas
NEHGS 7th Floor Reading Room Reference CS82 .D683 2000

Here Be Dragons!: Navigating the Hazards Found in Canadian Family Research: A Guide for Genealogists, by Althea Douglas
NEHGS 7th Floor Reference CS82 .D68 1996

Archival Sources for the Study of Canadian Jewry, by Lawrence F. Tapper
NEHGS 7th Floor Reference Z6611.J48 N38 1987

Guide to Family History Research in the Archival Repositories of the United Church of Canada, compiled by Committee on Archives and History, United Church of Canada
NEHGS 5th Floor Stacks CS83 .G85 1996

Ontario-Specific

Genealogical Research in Ontario, by Brian J. Gilchrist
NEHGS 5th Floor Stacks CS88.O6 G54 1988

Genealogy in Ontario: Searching the Records, by Brenda Dougall Merriman
NEHGS 4th Floor CS88.O6 M46 2013

United Empire Loyalists: A Guide to Tracing Loyalist Ancestors in Upper Canada, by Brenda Dougall Merriman
NEHGS 5th Floor Stacks CS83 .M477 2006

Family Research in Waterloo and Wellington Counties, by Ryan Taylor
NEHGS 5th Floor Stacks CS88.O6 T39 1986

Understanding Ontario First Nations genealogical records: sources and case studies, by David Kenneth Faux
NEHGS 5th Floor Stacks E78.O5 F38 2002

Early Ontario settlers : a source book, by Norman K. Crowder
NEHGS 7th Floor Reference CS88.O6 C75 1993

Guide to Archives in the Toronto Area, by the Toronto Area Archivists Group
NEHGS 5th Floor Stacks CD 3647.T67 G84 1982

Vital Records

Civil registration in Ontario began in 1869, with four additional acts adding to what would be recorded and how (1875, 1896, 1908, 1919). Privacy laws affect the availability of these records. Records are transferred to the Archives of Ontario as follows: births (after 104 years), marriages (after 82 years), deaths (after 72 years). The Archives of Ontario has a web page devoted to their vital statistics collection.

For events that took place in more recent years, it is necessary to request them from the Office of the Registrar General in Ontario.

Ancestry.com (requires a subscription)
FamilySearch.org

Census and Tax Records

YearAccessible atNotes
1842NEHGS, FamilySearch.org, Archives of CanadaHead of household name only. Number of household members by gender and age category
1848NEHGS, FamilySearch.org 1, FamilySearch.org 2Heads of household name only
  1. Huron, Middlesex, and Perth counties
  2. Grenville, Leeds, Durham, and Northumberland counties
1850NEHGS, FamilySearch.org 1, FamilySearch.org 2Heads of household name only [check when VPN]
  1. Bruce, Huron, Middlesex, and Perth counties
  2. 2Durham and Northumberland counties
1851NEHGS, Ancestry.com, FamilySearch.org, Archives of CanadaAll names of the household.
FamilySearch link is index only.
1861NEHGS, Ancestry.com, FamilySearch.org, Archives of CanadaAll names of the household
1871NEHGS, Ancestry.com, FamilySearch.org, Archives of Canada 1, Archives of Canada 2All names of the household.
The first Archives of Canada link feeds to images.
The second Archives of Canada link is the heads of household index by the Ontario Genealogical Society. It does not link to images, however there are differences in the two indexes.
1881NEHGS, Ancestry.com, FamilySearch.org, Archives of CanadaAll names of the household
1891NEHGS, Ancestry.com, FamilySearch.org, Archives of CanadaAll names of the household
1901NEHGS, Ancestry.com, FamilySearch.org, Archives of CanadaAll names of the household
1911NEHGS, Ancestry.com, FamilySearch.org, Archives of CanadaAll names of the household
1921Ancestry.comAll names of the household

Note: Ancestry.com is a subscription-based website. Only the 1921 Census is offered free of charge. NEHGS offers access to Ancestry.com and to many of the restricted FamilySearch.org records to visitors at our library in Boston.

Ontario-wide

1848 and 1850 Canada West (Ontario) census index: an every-name index, compiled by Bryan Lee Dilts
NEGHS 5th Floor Stacks CS88.O6 D54 1984

Genealogical extraction and index of the Canada Company remittance books, 1843-1847, compiled by Ruth Holt and Margaret Williams
NEHGS 5th Floor Stacks CS88.O6 H65 1990

Quaker Census of 1828: Members of the New York Yearly Meeting, the Religious Society of Friends (in New York, Ontario, Vermont, Connecticut, Massachusetts, and Quebec) at the Time of the Separation of 1828, by Loren V. Fay
NEHGS 5th Floor Stacks F118 .Q34 1989

Addington County

1851 Census, Camden East Township, Addington County, by Russ Waller
NEHGS 5th Floor Stacks CS88.O6 C35 1987

Frontenac County

Kingston Township 1851 census, by Russ Waller
NEHGS 5th Floor Stacks CS88.O6 K562 1988

Loughborough & Storrington Townships 1851 Census, by Russ Waller
NEHGS 5th Floor Stacks CS88.O6 L68 1988

Portland and Hinchinbrooke Townships 1851 Census, by Russ Waller
NEHGS 5th Floor Stacks CS88.O6 P67 1988

Wolfe Island 1851 census, by Russ Waller
NEHGS 5th Floor Stacks CS88.O6 W64 1988

Kent County

1855 assessment roll for the Township of Harwich, indexed by Wendy Lee Barry
NEHGS 5th Floor Stacks CS88.O6 E35 1986

Census, Kent County, Agricultural, 1851
NEHGS 5th Floor Stacks CS88.O6 K48 1986

Raleigh Twp. collectors rolls, Kent County 1852
NEHGS 5th Floor Vertical File CS88.O6 R34 1986

Lennox and Addington County

Adolphustown Loyalist families: including index to early census returns, by Russ Waller
NEHGS 5th Floor Stacks CS88.O6 A36 1990

Ottawa

Census assessment and collectors' rolls for the Ottawa District (counties of Prescott and Russell) 1822-1850
NEHGS 4th floor CS88.O6 O88 1966

Church Records

Church records are likely to be found still housed by the local parish or congregation. The Archives of Ontario, though not tasked with collecting church records, does have a collection of church records on microfilm, which is available for interlibrary loan. The full list can be found here.

Online resources include the following:

Ancestry.com (requires a subscription)
FamilySearch.org
DenominationRepositoryNotes
AnglicanAnglican Diocese of Huron Archives
Huron College
1349 Western Road
London, Ontario
N6G 1H3
519-438-7224, x284
Has records relating to the counties of Bruce, Grey, Huron, Perth, Waterloo, Lambton, Middlesex, Oxford, Brant, Essex, Kent, Elgin, and Norfolk
AnglicanAnglican Diocese of Keewatin
c/o Business Administrator, Synod Office
915 Ottawa Street
Keewatin, Ontario
P0X 1C0
807-547-3353
Has records relating to lands west of a line from the City of Thunder Bay to the settlement of Winisk on Hudson’s Bay including the Districts of Rainy River, and the western halves of Kenora and Thunder Bay
AnglicanAnglican Diocese of Moosonee
Marthe Brown
Laurentian University Archives
Laurentian University
935 Ramsey Lake Road
Sudbury, Ontario
P3E 2C6
705-675-1151, x 3306
MBrown@laurentian.ca
See Research Guides, Anglican Diocese of Moosonee
AnglicanAnglican Diocese of Niagara Repository
c/o Division of Archives and Research Collections
McMaster University Library
1280 Main Street West
Hamilton, Ontario
L8S 4L6
905-525-9140, x 2079
905-546-0625 (fax)
Has records relating to the counties of Wellington, Halton, Wentworth, Haldimand, Lincoln, and Welland
AnglicanDiocese of Niagara Archives
John Rathbone
252 James Street North
Hamilton, Ontario
L8R 2L3
905-527-1316, x450
905-527-1281 (fax)
archivist@niagaraanglican.ca
AnglicanAnglican Diocese of Ontario Archives
90 Johnson Street
Kingston, Ontario
K7L 1X7
613-544-4774
613-547-3745 (fax)
Has records relating to the counties of Hastings, Prince Edward, Lennox and Addington, Frontenac, and Leeds and Grenville
AnglicanAnglican Diocese of Ottawa Archives
71 Bronson Avenue
Ottawa, Ontario
K1R 6G6
613-232-7124
613-232-7088 (fax)
Has records relating to the counties of Renfrew, Lanark, Carleton, Russell, Prescott, Dundas, Stormont, Glengarry, and the District of Nipissing east of North Bay.

Fees are charged for certified copies, reproductions, and genealogical research.

Photocopying of Parish Registers is not permitted.
AnglicanAnglican Diocese of Toronto Archives
Synod House
135 Adelaide Street East
Toronto, Ontario
M5C 1L8
1-800-668-8932 or 416-363-6021
416-363-7678 (fax)
Has records relating to the counties of Simcoe, Peel, York, Ontario, Victoria, Durham, Haliburtan, Peterborough, Northumberland, and the east third of Dufferin
BaptistCanadian Baptist Archives
McMaster Divinity College
McMaster University
Hamilton, Ontario
L8S 4K1
905-525-9140, x 3511
Has the records of the Canadian Baptist federation, including the Baptist Convention of Ontario and Québec, the Baptist Union of Western Canada, and the Union d’églises baptistes françaises; records of McMaster University (to 1957); John Milton Society for the Blind; Plymouth Brethren (19th century); limited personal papers.

NOTE: Baptists do not have child baptism.
Episcopal Methodists See United
EvangelicalTyndale University
3377 Bayview Avenue
Toronto, Ontario
M2M 3S4
416-226-6620
Has records of the University and its predecessors; records of the Seminary.

See Library Collections Page
HuguenotHuguenot Society of Canada Collection (now defunct)
Ontario Genealogical Society
102-40 Orchard View Blvd.
Toronto, Ontario
M4R 1B9
416-489-0734
416-489-9803 (fax)
provoffice@ogs.on.ca
Has records of the society as well as materials relating to Huguenot surnames and lineages in the Huguenot Collection
JewishOttawa Jewish Historical Society
21 Nadolyn Sachs Private
Ottawa, Ontario
K2A 1R9
613-798-p9818, x 264
Has records and other media relating to the Jewish community in the Ottawa region primarily as an ethnic group

NOTE: Religious records are but a fraction of their holdings.
JewishOntario Jewish Archives
4600 Bathurst Street
Willowdale, Ontario
M2R 3V2
416-635-2883, x 170
416-635-1408 (fax)
Has records of the Jewish Federation of Greater Toronto and the Canadian Jewish Congress (Ontario Region); other material relating to the Jewish community in Ontario
LutheranWilfrid Laurier University Archives and Special Collections
75 University Avenue West
Waterloo, Ontario
N2L 3C5
519-884-0710, x 3906
libarch@wlu.ca
Has records of the Eastern Synod of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Canada (and predecessors) and the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Canada (and predecessors)

NOTE: Holdings include records of hundreds of Lutheran congregations across Canada.
MennoniteEssex-Kent Mennonite Historical Association
31 Pickwick Drive
N8H 4T5
519-322-0456
MennoniteMennonite Archives of Ontario
Conrad Grebel College
Waterloo, Ontario
N2L 3G6
519-885-0220
Methodist See United
PresbyterianPresbyterian Church in Canada Archives & Record Office
50 Wynford Drive
Toronto, Ontario
M3C 1J7
1-800-619-7301
karnold@presbyterian.ca
Presbyterian See United
QuakerQuaker Archives
Pickering College
16945 Bayview Avenue
Newmarket, Ontario
L3Y 4X2
905-895-1700, x 247
905-895-9076 (fax)
cym-archivist@quaker.ca
Records of the Quaker faith begin in 1798 for Canada

NOTE: Some records are also online at Ancestry.com
Roman Catholic*Diocese of Alexandria-Cornwall Archives
Box 1388
220 Chemin Montréal
Cornwall, Ontario
K6H 5V4
613-993-1138
613-937-4931 (fax)
Has records relating to the counties of Glengarry and Stormont beginning in 1802; St. Regis Parish Records (Akwasasne First Nation), 1765-1992

NOTE: Many sacramental registers have been copied by Brother Houle (see Ottawa entry).

Merged with Ottawa in 2019.
Roman Catholic*Diocese of Hamilton Archives
700 King Street West
Hamilton, Ontario
L8P 1C7
905-528-7988
905-528-1088 (fax)
Has records relating to the counties of Brant, Bruce, Grey, Halton, Waterloo, Wentworth, and four townships in Dufferin County, beginning in 1856; limited records of religious activity to 1850s
Roman Catholic*Diocese of Hearst Archives
Boite 1300
Hearst, Ontario
P0L 1N0
705-362-4903
Has records relating to the area comprising mainly the southwestern part of the District of Cochrane beginning in 1917
Merged with Moosonee in 2018.
Roman Catholic*Archdiocese of Kingston Archives
St. Mary’s Cathedral
279 Johnson Street
Kingston, Ontario
K7L 1Y5
613-546-5521
Has records relating to the counties of Frontenac, Lennox and Addington, Leeds, Grenville, Dundas, Prince Edward, the southern half of Hastings, and the southwestern part of Lanark beginning in 1800
Roman Catholic*Diocese of London Archives
1070 Waterloo Street North
London, Ontario
N6A 3Y2
519-433-0658
519-433-0011 (fax)
Has records relating to the counties of Middlesex, Elgin, Norfolk, Oxford, Perth, Hurnon, Lambton, Kent, and Essex beginning in 1767

NOTE: Diocesan Archivist will do limited genealogical research on a fee for hours-of-research basis.
Roman Catholic*Diocese of Moosonee Archives
Chris Burke, AdministratorCatholic Diocese of Moosonee2 Bay Road, Box 40Moosonee, OntarioP0L 1Y0705-336-2908
Has records relating to the northern parts of Ontario and Québec around the James and Hudson Bays from 1900

NOTE: Some records of the Oblates missionaries may be in the archives of the Oblates of St. Joseph which are housed at Les Missionnaires Oblats de Marie Immaculée in Québec.

Merged with Hearst in 2018
Roman Catholic*rchdiocese of Ottawa Archives
1247 Kilborn PlaceOttawa, OntarioK1H 6K9613-738-5025613-738-0130 (fax)
Has records relating to the counties of Carleton, Russell, Prescott, the townships of Darling, Pakenham, Ramsay, and Lavant of Lanark County, and the city of Ottawa for the years 1820-1912

NOTE: Most of the sacramental registers have been copied by Brother Herbert Houle, Brother of the Sacred Heart, 2240, rue Fullum, Montréal, Québec, H2K 3N9.
Roman Catholic*Diocese of Pembroke Archives
Box 7
188 Renfrew Street
Pembroke, Ontario
K8A 6X1
613-732-7933
Has records relating to the counties of Renfrew and neighboring portions of Ontario and Pontiac counties within Québec beginning in 1850
Roman Catholic*Diocese of Peterborough Archives
350 Hunter Street West
Peterborough, Ontario
K9J 6Y8
705-745-5123
Has records relating to the counties of Peterborough, Northumberland, Victoria, part of Haliburton county and part of the region of Durham, and the districts of Parry Sound and Muskoka beginning in 1840
Roman Catholic*Diocese of St. Catharines Archives
3400 Merrittville Highway
Thorold, Ontario
L2V 4Y6
905-684-0154
905-684-2185 (fax)
archives@saintcd.com
Has records relating to the counties of Haldiman, Lincoln, and Welland beginning in 1858
Roman Catholic*Diocese of Sault Ste. Marie – Diocesan Archives
30 Ste. Anne Rd.
Sudbury, Ontario
P3C 5E1
705-674-2727
Has records relating to the districts of Sudbury, Algoma, Manitoulin, and portions of the district of Nipissing north and west of Lake Nipissing beginning in 1880
Roman Catholic*Archives of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Toronto
Catholic Pastoral Centre
1155 Yonge Street, Suite 505
Toronto,Ontario
M4T 1W2
416-934-0606
Has records relating to the counties of York, Peel, Simcoe, Metropolitan Toronto, the Regional Municipalities of York, Peel, and part of Durham, part of Dufferin county, and the remainder of Dufferin County beginning in 1830
Roman Catholic*Diocese of Thunder Bay Archives
1306 Ridgeway Street East
Thunder Bay, Ontario
P7E 5J5
807-622-8144 or 807-343-9313
Has records relating to the districts of Thunder Bay, Kenora, and Rainy River beginning in 1952
Roman Catholic*Diocese of Timmins Archives
65 Jubilee Avenue East
Timmins, Ontario
P4N 5W4
705-267-6224
705-267-6226 (fax)
Has records relating to the district of Timiskaming and the southeastern part of Cochrane

NOTE: NO genealogical material in collection; material before 4 Oct 1922 destroyed by fire.
UnitedCity of Ottawa Archives
174 Stanley Avenue
Ottawa, Ontario
K1M 1P1
613-564-1348 or 613-564-1352
613-564-7356 (fax)
Has records pertaining to the Ottawa portion of the Montréal/Ottawa Conference including regional courts and local churches for the county of Carleton; also records of the Ottawa and the Seaway Valley Presbyteries
UnitedUnited Church of Canada Archives, Manitoba and Northwestern Ontario Conference
c/o Rare Book Room
515 Portage Avenue
Winnipeg, Manitoba
R3B 2E9
204-783-0708
Has records pertaining to the Manitoba and Northwestern Ontario Conference including the pre-1925 Presbyterian, Methodists, and Congregational records
UnitedUnited Church of Canada Archives, Eastern Townships Resource Centre Archives
Bishop’s University Library
Lennoxville, Québec
J1M 1Z7
819-822-9600, x2261
819-822-9661 (fax)
etrc2@ubishops.ca
Has records pertaining to the Montréal/Ottawa Conference (also see above) including the pre-1925 Presbyterian, Methodists, and Congregational records
UnitedUnited Church of Canada
The United Church Archives
40 Oak Street
Toronto, Ontario
M5A 2C6
416-231-7680, x1101
416-231-3103 (fax) Attn: Archives
archives@united-church.ca
Has records pertaining to the national courts of the United Church and its united denominations (Methodist, Congregational, many Presbyterian, and Evangelical United Brethren); regional courts and local Ontario churches

NOTE: Excludes Carleton, Dundas, Glengarry, Grenville, Prescott, Russell, and Stormont, which are at City of Ottawa Archives

Genealogy Research: United Church of Canada Records

*Most of the Roman Catholic sacramental registers (with the exception of the Hamilton Diocese) have been microfilmed and are part of the Drouin Collection (on Ancestry.com—see above) or on FamilySearch.org (also search the Catalog for the specific town).

Cemetery Records

The Ontario Genealogical Society has done much in the way of cemetery transcriptions. Its transcriptions were turned over to the Archives of Ontario. A complete list of transcriptions through 2000 can be found here.

Online resources include:

The Ontario Cemetery Index is an online directory to cemeteries in Ontario allowing you to locate cemetery transcriptions in pamphlet, book, or microform formats.

Books

Inventory of Cemeteries in Ontario: A Genealogical Research Guide, by Verna Ronnow, ed.
NEHGS 5th Floor Stacks CS88.O6 O51 1987

Haldimand County, Ontario Cemetery Records: Canborough township, Cayuga, North Cayuga township, Dunn township, Moulton township, Oneida township, Sherbrooke township, 2 vol.
NEHGS 5th Floor Stacks CS88.O6 H343 1990

Haldiman County, Ontario: Cemetery Inscriptions: Oneida & Seneca Townships, 2 vol.
NEHGS 5th Floor Stacks CS88.O6.H343 1987

Kent County, Ontario, Cemetery Transcriptions: Harwich, Camden, Orford townships
NEHGS 5th Floor Stacks CS88.O6 K462 1978

Ontario Cemetery Recordings: List no. 1
NEHGS 5th Floor Stacks CS88.O6 O5

Lincoln and Halton Counties, Ontario Cemetery Records
NEHGS 5th Floor Stacks F1059.L6 L6

The American Ancestors and NEHGS Library has many other books of transcriptions of individual cemeteries as well.

Probate Records

Probate records offer clues to families, even if the deceased did not leave a will. In Ontario, such records have been kept at the district or county level by Surrogate Courts since 1793. However, between 1793 and 1858, a central Probate Court handled any estates that were valued above a certain amount of money. This court was abolished in 1858, and such estates were turned over to the Surrogate Courts.

The Archives of Ontario has a surname index for estates handled by the Surrogate Courts of Ontario for the years 1793 to 1858. Also on this page are links to an appendix.

Many of the wills and indexes have been microfilmed by the Family History Library up through 1931. Locating these records is best done by searching the FamilySearch.org Catalog for the county in question. Note that some of these records may only be available by visiting an affiliate library, like NEHGS, or Family History Center.

To determine historic districts and counties, you will want to refer to The Changing Shape of Ontario.

Books

Surrogate Court Index of Ontario, Canada, 1859-1900, by June Gibson, comp., 10 vols.
NEHGS 5th Floor Stacks CS88.O6 G52 1988

Inheritance in Ontario: Wills and Other Records for Family Historians by Jane E. MacNamara
NEHGS 5th Floor Stacks CS88.O6 M23 2013

Surrogate Court Records at the Archives of Ontario: A Genealogical Research Guide, by Catherine Shepard
NEHGS 5th Floor Stacks CS88.O6 S53

Land Records

When it comes to searching land records in Ontario, it is important to remember that some of the earliest land may have been given to an ancestor as a result of a land grant. And remember that Ontario (as Upper Canada) was not separated from Lower Canada (Québec) until 1791, so it may be necessary to check land records in Québec before 1791. FamilySearch.org has an excellent guide to Ontario Land Records.

Online resources include:

In addition, when looking for land records for a specific district or county, be sure to search the FamilySearch.org Catalog for that county or district, as many land records have been microfilmed (and now digitized and available at FamilySearch.org).

Books

Index to the Upper Canada Land Books, by Susan Smart, ed., 9 vols.
NEHGS 5th Floor Stacks CS88.O6 I63 2001

An Index of the Land Claim Certificates of Upper Canada Militiamen Who Served in the War of 1812-1814, Wilfred R. Lauber, comp.
NEHGS 5th Floor Stacks F1056.8.L38 1995

Index to Crown Land First Patentees, Kent County, Ontario
NEHGS 5th Floor Stacks F1059.K3 O5 1985 Index

Military Records

Ontarian families; genealogies of united empire loyalists and other pioneer families of Upper Canada, by Edward Marion Chadwick
NEHGS 5th Floor Stacks CS88 .O6 C45 1895

Loyalist children of Upper Canada : a collection of names
NEHGS 5th Floor Stacks CS88.O6 L688 2000

Loyalist Families of the Grand River Branch, United Empire Loyalists’ Association of Canada
NEHGS 5th Floor Stacks CS88.O6 L69 1991

Ontario Loyalist Ancestors, by Lindsay S. Reeks
NEHGS 5th Floor Stacks CS88.O6 R439 1992

U.E. Loyalist links, two volumes by Russ Waller
NEHGS 5th Floor CS88 .O6 W344 1990

Men of Upper Canada: Militia Nominal Rolls, 1828-1829, by Bruce S. Elliott, Dan Walker, Fawne Stratford-Devai
NEHGS 5th Floor Stacks F1056.8 M46 1995

U.E. Loyalist links, Volumes 1 and 5, by Russ Waller
NEHGS 5th Floor Stacks F1056.8 .M46 1995

Loyalist lists: over 2000 Loyalist names and families from the Haldimand papers by E. Keith Fitzgerald
NEHGS 5th Floor Stacks F1058 .F58 1984

Loyalist settlements, 1783-1789: new evidence of Canadian Loyalist claims, by W. Bruce Antliff
NEHGS 5th Floor Stacks F1058 .L85 1985

The Loyalists in Ontario: the sons and daughters of the American Loyalists of upper Canada, by William D. Reid
NEHGS 5th Floor Stacks F1058 .R44 1973

The Old United Empire Loyalists Lists
NEHGS 5th Floor Stacks F1058 .U58 1976

The loyalist regiments and the settlement of Prince Edward County, by H. C. Burleigh
NEHGS 5th Floor Stacks F1059 .P75 B87 1977

United empire loyalists: enquiry into the losses and services in consequence of their loyalty: evidence in the Canadian claims, by Alexander Fraser
NEHGS 5th Floor Stacks E277 .F73 1905 (Also available on microfilm and on Internet Archive)

Immigration Records

It is important to remember that, when tracing your immigrants from the United Kingdom (England, Wales, Scotland, Ireland) in the 1700s and 1800s, it is unlikely that you will find passenger lists or much of a paper trail, because they weren’t changing countries really. However, there are some compiled volumes that cover this period.

Ancestry.com – Early Ontario Settlers (a digital copy of Early Ontario Settlers, A Source Book by Norman K. Crowder, published in 1993; requires a subscription)

Ancestry.com – Canadian Passenger Lists, 1865-1935 (requires a subscription)

FamilySearch.org – Immigration Records, 1862-1897, Ontario (requires you visit an affiliate library, like NEHGS, or Family History Center)

Archives of Ontario – Toronto Emigrant Office Assisted Immigration Registers Database (predominantly those arriving between 1865 and 1883)

Across the Waters: Ontario Immigrants’ Experiences, 1820-1850, by Frances Hoffman
NEHGS 5th Floor Stacks F1058.H63 1999

The Lanark Society Settlers, 1820-1821, by Carol Bennett McCuaig
NEHGS 5th Floor Stacks F1059.L26 B46 2012

The McCabe List: Early Irish in the Ottawa Valley, by Bruce S. Elliott
NEHGS 5th Floor Stacks F1054.O9 E45 2002

Assisting Emigration to Upper Canada: The Petworth Project, 1832-1837, by Wendy Cameron and Mary McDougall Maude
NEHGS 5th Floor Stacks F1059.7.B7 C36 2000

Index of Passengers Who Emigrated to Canada Between 1817 and 1849, by John A. Acton
NEHGS 5th Floor Stacks CS88.A1 A27 1999

A Dictionary of Scottish Emigrants to Canada Before Confederation, by Donald Whyte, 4 vols.
NEHGS 7th Floor Reference F1035.S4 W49 1985

The Irish Palatines in Ontario: Religion, Ethnicity, and Rural Migration, by Carolyn A. Heald
NEHGS 5th Floor Stacks F1059.7.P36 H43 1994

The Scottish Pioneers of Upper Canada, 1784-1855: Glengarry and Beyond, by Lucille H. Campey
NEHGS 5th Floor Stacks F1059.7.S4 C36 2005

Maps

Townships of the province of Ontario, Canada : a complete index of the townships in all the counties & districts of Ontario (includes 10 area maps), compiled by M.E. Gartner and C.F. Prong
NEHGS 5th Floor Stacks CS88.O6 G37 1992

Illustrated historical atlas of Brant County, Ontario
NEHGS 5th Floor Atlas Collection G1148.B6 P3 1972

Illustrated atlas of the County of Bruce containing authentic maps of the townships, H. Beldon & Co.
NEHGS 5th Floor Atlas Collection G1148.B7 B4 1970

Illustrated historical atlas of the county of Elgin, Ont. / compiled, drawn and published from personal examinations and surveys, by H.R. Page & Co.
NEHGS 5th Floor Atlas Collection G1148.E4 P3 1976

Illustrated historical atlas of the counties of Haldimand and Norfolk, by H.R. Page & Co.
NEHGS 5th Floor Atlas Collection G1148.H24 P3 197-

Illustrated historical atlas of the county of Halton, Ont. / compiled and drawn from official plans and special surveys, by J. H. Pope
NEHGS 5th Floor Atlas Collection G1148.H3 P6 1971

Illustrated historical atlas of Hastings and Prince Edward Counties, Ontario
NEHGS 5th Floor Atlas Collection G1148.H5 B4 1972

Belden's illustrated historical atlas of the county of Lambton, Ontario, 1880
NEHGS 5th Floor Atlas Collection G1148.L2 B4 1973

Illustrated historical atlas of Middlesex County, Ontario
NEHGS 5th Floor Atlas Collection G1148.M5 I55 1878

Illustrated historical atlas of Northumberland and Durham Counties, Ontario
NEHGS 5th Floor Atlas Collection G1148.N6 B4 1972

Illustrated historical atlas of the County of Ontario, Ont. / compiled, drawn and published from personal examinations and surveys, by J. H. Beers & Co.
NEHGS 5th Floor Atlas Collection G1148.O5 B4 1972

Illustrated historical atlas of the counties of Oxford and Brant : [Ontario], Walker & Miles
NEHGS 5th Floor Atlas Collection G1148.O8 W3 1972

Illustrated historical atlas of Oxford County Ontario
NEHGS 5th Floor Atlas Collection G1148.O9 W3 1972

Illustrated historical atlas of the county of Peel, Ont. / Compiled and drawn from official plans and special surveys, by J.H. Pope
NEHGS 5th Floor Atlas Collection G1148.P3 P6 1971

Illustrated historical atlas of Perth County, Ontario
NEHGS 5th Floor Atlas Collection G1148.P4 B4 1972

Illustrated historical atlas of Peterborough County, 1825-1875, edited by A. O. C. Cole
NEHGS 5th Floor Stacks F1059.P4 I55 1988

Illustrated historical atlas of Stormont, Dundas, and Glengarry Counties, Ontario.
NEHGS 5th Floor Atlas Collection G1148.S8 B4 1972

Belden's illustrated historical atlas of the County of Victoria, Ontario, 1881, edited by Edward C. Phelps
NEHGS 5th Floor Atlas Collection G1148.V5 B45 2000

Historical atlas of Waterloo & Wellington Counties, Ontario, H Parsell and Co.
NEHGS 5th Floor Atlas Collection G1148.W3 P3 1972

Illustrated historical atlas of Wellington County, Ontario
NEHGS 5th Floor Atlas Collection G1148.W5 H5 1972

Illustrated historical atlas of York County, Ontario
NEHGS 5th Floor Atlas Collection G1148.Y6 M5 1878

Illustrated historical atlas of the county of Carleton, including city of Ottawa, Ont
NEHGS 4th Floor Microfiche Collection F1003 .G45 CIHM no. 12020

Illustrated historical atlas of the county of Huron, Ontario
NEHGS 4th Floor Microfiche Collection F1003 .G45 CIHM no. 12021

Newspapers

Newspapers can offer not only entries of births, marriages, and deaths for your ancestors, but a snapshot of what life was like while your ancestors were alive. They often include lists for taxes, probate, and other court matters, land sales, and more.

Ontario, Canada, The Ottawa Journal (Birth, Marriage and Death Notices, 1885-1980 (Ancestry.com; free collection)

Newspapers.com (requires a subscription)

Historical Canadian Newspapers Online: Ontario (a list with links of freely available online newspapers)

Early Ontario Newspaper Transcription Series, Bur-Mor Publications, comp., 10 vols.
NEHGS 5th Floor Stacks F1056.E27

Gazetteers and Directories

Province-Wide

Smith's Canadian gazetteer; comprising statistical and general information respecting all parts of the Upper Province, or Canada West, W. H. Smith
NEHGS 5th Floor Stacks F1056.4 .S65 1846

Directory of the province of Ontario 1857 with a gazetteer. Thomas B. Wilson
NEHGS 7th Floor Reference F1056.4 .W54 1987

Gazetteer of Canada, Ontario, Department of Mines and Technical Surveys
NEHGS 5th Floor Stacks F1056.4 .G39 1962

The Province of Ontario gazetteer and directory
NEHGS 4th Floor Microfiche CollectionF1003 .G45 CIHM 09412

A gazetteer of the Province of Upper Canada : to which is added, an appendix, describing the principal towns, fortifications and rivers in Lower Canada
NEHGS 7th Floor Rare Book Collection, F1057 .G28

The Canadian Atlas Online. Search through 200 Canadian cities, towns, and villages, which can be ordered by first letter, province, or population. Also, browse through maps.

County-Specific

Directory of the county of Bruce, Canada West
NEHGS 4th Floor Microfiche Collection F1003 .G45 CIHM12776

Gazetteer and directory of the county of Grey for 1865-6, by W.W. Smith.
NEHGS 4th Floor Microfiche Collection F1003 .G45 CIHM48603

Directory of the county of Hastings
NEHGS 4th Floor Microfiche Collection F1003 .G45 CIHM28008

County of Huron gazetteer and general business directory
NEHGS 4th Floor Microfiche Collection F10503 G45 CIHM A01190

County of Lambton gazetteer, commercial advertiser and business directory, 1864-5
NEHGS 4th Floor Microfiche Collection F1003 .G45 CIHM A01189

Directory of the county of Peel, for 1873-4, by John Lynch
NEHGS 4th Floor Microfiche Collection F1003 .G45 CIHM33942

Counties of Perth and Waterloo : gazetteer and general business directory, for 1870-1871, by James Sutherland
NEHGS 4th Floor Microfiche Collection F1003 .G45 CIHM A00488 A01173

Gazetteer and directory of the county of Simcoe
NEHGS 4th Floor Microfiche Collection F1003 .G45 CIHM A0044 A00782 -83 A00802

Gazetteer and directory of the county of Wellington for 1871-2
NEHGS 4th Floor Microfiche Collection F1003 .G45 CIHM A00587 A01168-70

City-Specific

The Ottawa directory
NEHGS 4th Floor Microfiche Collection F1003 .G45 CIHM46777 46787

Toronto labor directory and union label hand-book: official directory of the Toronto Trades and Labor Council
NEHGS 4th Floor Microfiche Collection F1003 .G45 CIHM41470

Zion Congregational Church : directory for 1875, Toronto
NEHGS 4th Floor Microfiche Collection 1059.5.T68 Z56 1875

Periodicals

Trails, Essex County Branch, Ontario Genealogical Society. Library holdings include issues from 1986-1989.
NEHGS 5th Floor Stacks CS80 .T73

Talbot times, Elgin County Branch, Ontario Genealogical Society
NEHGS 5th Floor Stacks CS80 .T35

Branch Newsletter, Halton-Peel Branch, Ontario Genealogical Society. Library holdings include volumes 13 and 14 (1988 and 1989).
NEHGS 5th Floor Stacks CS88.O6 H348

The Bulletin Kawartha Branch, Ontario Genealogical Society. Library holdings include 3 issues, vol 21 (1), v 21 (2) and vol 21 (3) all from 1996.
NEHGS 5th Floor Stacks CS80 .B85

Pioneer Lifeline, Lambton County, Branch Ontario Genealogical Society. Holdings span 1984-1988.
NEHGS 5th Floor Stacks CS80 .P56

London Leaf, London Branch, Ontario Genealogical Society.. Holdings include 1976, 1979 and 1992.
NEHGS 5th Floor Stacks CS80 .L66

Ottawa Branch News. Ottawa Branch, Ontario Genealogical Society. Holdings include vol 9 (5) – 1977 and vol 37 (1) 2004.
NEHGS 5th Floor Stacks CS88.O6 O8832

Toronto Tree. Toronto Branch, Ontario Genealogical Society. Miscellaneous holdings.
NEHGS 5th Floor Stacks CS88.O6 T674

Families. Ontario Genealogical Society. Holdings 1971 through present.
NEHGS 5th Floor Stacks CS80 .F3

Family Genealogies, Highland Heritage Publishers. Holdings 1981-1986.
NEHGS 5th Floor Stacks CS88.O6 F3

Highland Heritage. Glengarry Genealogical Society.
NEHGS 5th Floor Stacks CS88.O6 H5

The Ontario Register, TB Wilson
NEHGS 5th Floor Stacks F1056 .O67

Genealogical Organizations

Ontario Ancestors, Ontario Genealogical Society. The Ontario Genealogical Society has 34 Branches and Special Interest Groups, each with their own web pages. Click on the links at https://ogs.on.ca/resources/society-branches-indexes/ to reach the appropriate page.

The Ontario Name Index or TONI is a research tools that directs users to where information about a particular name is found. It is maintained by the Ontario Genealogical Society.

Ontario Gen Web. The Ontario Gen Web site, maintained by volunteers, has links to a variety of records such as adoption, birth, cemetery, census, church, death, marriage, and newspaper. They also link to a list of surnames for the province.

Canada has numerous ethnic specific and regional genealogical societies. The Family Search Wiki has an article on the diversity and quality of these groups.

History

A biographical history of early settlers and their descendants in Waterloo Township by Ezra E. Eby. Includes index to geography notes, maps, and other documents by Eldon D. Weber.
NEHGS 5th Floor Stacks F1059.W32 B46 1971

University of Calgary, Digital Local Histories. The University of Calgary has a phenomenal digital collection of local histories that is fully OCR searchable. Clicking on the image of a book opens up the tool to search within the book.

Ontario Websites

United Empire Loyalists’ Association of Canada. An organization dedicated to preserving the history and contributions of Loyalists who settled in Canada after the Revolutionary War.

Archives of Ontario. The Archives of Ontario sites contains extensive information on the types of records most used by genealogists such as vital, estate, and land records.

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