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  • 2003 Archive

  • Vol. 5, No. 6
    Whole #99
    January 31, 2003
    Edited by Lynn Betlock and Rod Moody

    Greetings from the New England Historic Genealogical Society! This free newsletter has been sent to NEHGS members and friends who have subscribed to it, or submitted their email addresses on various membership and sales department forms and website notices. NEHGS recognizes the importance of its members' privacy, and will not give away, sell or lease personal information. If you would like to unsubscribe, please click on the link at the bottom of the page and follow the instructions provided.

    © Copyright 2003, New England Historic Genealogical Society


    • New Databases on
    • New Research Articles on
    • Boston Summer Conference Information and Registration Now Online!
    • New from Newbury Street Press! Italians in Transition
    • Upcoming "Genealogy in a Nutshell" Lectures at the NEHGS Library
    • The Winter Research Getaway to NEHGS
    • St. Albans Border Crossing Records
    • A Wheelchair at the NEHGS Library
    • An Antique Alert
    • Favorite Ancestor Feedback
    • NEHGS Contact Information

    New Databases on

    Baptisms Performed in the Church of Christ, Westfield, Massachusetts, 1679–1836

    The story of the first church in Westfield is inextricably tied to that of its first pastor, Reverend Edward Taylor (1642–1729). Taylor was born in England in 1642 and arrived in Massachusetts in 1668. After graduating from Harvard College in 1671 (where he shared a room with diarist Samuel Sewall, who became a lifelong friend), he was asked to become minister to the settlers of Westfield, and he arrived in the town on December 3, 1671. Westfield at that time was still a frontier settlement, and due to the Indian wars and other hardships, the church was not formally organized until August 27, 1679, nearly eight years after his arrival. Reverend Taylor served the church for the rest of his life — a total of fifty-eight years — until his death in 1749. He also had studied medicine and was for many years the only physician in Westfield and miles beyond. Reverend Taylor was also an extremely prolific and gifted poet, although virtually none of his poems were ever published in his lifetime. According to John Lockwood's Westfield and Its Historic Influences, it was said that Reverend Taylor had "left no less than a hundred volumes which he had transcribed and bound with his own hands."

    This typescript was given to the Society by Harold Dougherty of Westfield in 1937.

    Search Baptisms Performed in the Church of Christ, Westfield, Massachusetts, 1679–1836 at /research/database/westfield.

    Vital Records of Farmington, Maine, 1784–1890

    The town of Farmington, Maine, is located in the southern part of Franklin County. It was founded in 1781 by several families, and has since flourished. Longtime NEHGS member Dorothy Wirth transcribed many cemeteries and records in Maine. She donated many of these transcriptions to the Society, including, in 1961, the Farmington Vital Records. Many of her transcriptions are now are being converted to digital format.

    Search the Vital Records of Farmington, Maine, at

    Wills of the County of Essex (England), Volume 2, 1565–1571

    Abstracted and edited by F. G. Emmison, and published in 1983 by NEHGS, this volume contains abstracts of nearly nine hundred wills from this time period housed in the Essex Record Office. There are about 9,000 names included in this database. (Volume 1 of this series, covering the years 1558-1565 was published by the National Genealogical Society in 1982.)

    Search the Wills of the County of Essex (England), Volume 2, 1565–1571 at

    Records of the Rev. George W. Bailey of Springfield, Vermont, 1840–1902

    Reverend George W. Bailey commenced preaching in 1839, was licensed and ordained by the Universalist denomination in 1840, and served in the Vermont towns of Springfield, East Randolph, and Morrisville, as well as Lebanon, New Hampshire. The dates of marriages in the Reverend Bailey's record book are from 1841 to 1902, intentions of marriage are from 1845 to 1850, and funerals from 1840 to 1900.

    These records were copied by Mrs. K. W. Barney of the Forest Park Library in Springfield, Massachusetts.

    Search the Records of the Rev. George W. Bailey of Springfield, Vermont, 1840–1902 at

    The Massachusetts Society of the Cincinnati Database

    The Society of the Cincinnati was established in 1783 by and for the officers in Continental Service. It was organized in fourteen constituent societies, one of which is the Massachusetts Society. Membership in the Society of the Cincinnati was extended to the officers of the Continental Army — as well as Continental Navy and Marine officers — who had served until the end of the war, plus those who had been declared no longer needed by acts of Congress and those who had served honorably for three years during the war. Also eligible were the oldest male lineal descendants of officers who died in service. The officers of the French Navy and Army who served with the American Army were also entitled to join. This database contains information on those Massachusetts officers eligible for membership. Absence from this list does not conclusively exclude eligibility.

    New sketches were added this week for the following individuals:

    Seth Drew
    John Duffield
    Benjamin Eaton
    Thomas Edwards
    Azariah Egleston
    Samuel Eldred
    Nehemiah Emerson
    Ephraim Emery
    William Eustis
    Pelatiah Everett
    William Eysandeau
    Michael Farley
    Josiah Fay
    Jonathan Felt
    Tobias Fernald
    James Edward Burr Finley
    Samuel Finley Jr.
    Joseph Fiske [Fisk]
    Ebenezer Floyd
    Elisha Foster
    Thomas Foster
    John Fowle
    Constant Freeman
    Thomas Davis Freeman
    Samuel Frink

    Search the Massachusetts Society of the Cincinnati database at:

    Cemetery Transcriptions from the NEHGS Manuscript Collections

    This week we have added transcriptions from cemeteries in South Chatham, Massachusetts, Killingworth, Montville, Plainville, and Westport, Connecticut and the Maine towns of Manchester, Sidney, and Sidney Center.

    Search Cemetery Transcriptions from the NEHGS Manuscript Collections at

    Master Search

    Or master search all databases at

    New Research Articles on

    Member Submission
    Scots for Sale: The Fate of the Scottish Prisoners in Seventeenth-Century Massachusetts
    (Expanded version of the article featured in the winter 2003 issue of New England Ancestors)
    by Diane Rapaport

    Member Submission
    Lieutenant William Andrews, Original Member of the Massachusetts Society of the Cincinnati
    by Charles H. Wadhams

    Boston Summer Conference Information and Registration Now Online!

    You've seen the previews, you’ve heard the buzz . . . now you can learn all there is to know about this summer's conference! Full information about the New England Research in the Early 21st Century conference is now available on the NEHGS website at

    Download the registration and conference brochure, read lecture descriptions, and learn more about who will be speaking at the Boston summer conference, which will be held on July 11 and 12. Pricing and lodging information is now also available online.

    For the first time, NEHGS is offering online registration. It’s easy, fast, and secure. Plus, by registering online you’ll save $5 on the cost of the full conference!

    Brochures will be mailed to NEHGS members in early February. Questions may be addressed to or 1-888-296-3447.

    New from Newbury Street Press! Italians in Transition

    Italians in Transition. The Vallarelli Family of Terlizzi, Italy, and Westchester County, New York, and The DeBartolo Family of Terlizzi, Italy, New York and San Francisco, California.
    By Sharon DeBartolo Carmack

    Italians in Transition is a comprehensive family history and genealogy that discusses the author's family in early nineteenth-century Italy, their arrival in New York City at the turn of the twentieth century, and their subsequent westward migration to California later in the century. The first portion of the book relates what life would have been like for rural southern Italian peasants, like the Vallarelli and DeBartolo ancestors, from the time of antiquity through the Middle Ages and beyond. The volume concludes with a well-documented genealogy of the family both in Italy and the United States. It is illustrated with documents and photos, and contains a bibliography and an index. The book is hardcover and 140 pages in length.

    Italians in Transition is $25 plus shipping. To order, visit or call the NEHGS Sales Department at 1-888-296-3447 from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. (Eastern time), Monday through Friday.

    Upcoming "Genealogy in a Nutshell" Lectures at the NEHGS Library

    The 2003 "Genealogy in a Nutshell" series continues with:

    • "Photograph Identification Workshop: Bring Your Photos" by Maureen A. Taylor and Julie Helen Otto on Saturday, February 1

    • "Guidelines for Publishing Your Family History" by Christopher Hartman on Wednesday, February 5 and Saturday, February 8.

    • "Researching Your Prince Edward Island Ancestors" by George F. Sanborn on Wednesday, February 12

    All lectures take place at 10 a.m. Advance registration is not necessary.

    For more details about NEHGS education events, please visit . If you have questions, please call member services at 1-888-296-3447 from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. (Eastern time), Monday through Friday.

    The Winter Research Getaway to NEHGS
    Offered twice this winter: February 27–March 1, 2003 and March 13–15, 2003

    NEHGS invites you to enjoy a research getaway at our library, one of the finest facilities for genealogical research in the country. Escape the winter doldrums by joining us for guided research, personal one-on-one consultations with our esteemed librarians, morning lectures, and special access to the library when it is normally closed to the public. Whether you are a first-time participant or have enjoyed this program in the past, you are sure to further your research. Don't miss this opportunity to take advantage of the research expertise of our outstanding library staff and the exceptional resources we have available at our facility.

    Participants of this program will enjoy:

    • A thorough orientation of all four floors of the library
    • Daily lectures on new sources, research and methodology
    • One-on-one personal research consultations and guided research in the NEHGS library
    • A small group (maxmimum of thirty-five people), which allows for plenty of individual attention
    • Quality accommodations just blocks away from the NEHGS library, in a quiet corner of the Copley Square area
    • A special farewell reception in the Richardson-Sloane Education Center

    Program Lectures:

    Winter Research Getaway I:
    How to Avoid Mistakes in Genealogical Writing, Henry B. Hoff, CG, FASG
    Crossing the Line: The St. Albans INS Records, George F. Sanborn, Jr., FASG, FSA (Scot.)

    Winter Research Getaway II:
    Making the Most of Torrey's New England Marriages, David C. Dearborn, FASG
    Using Cemetery Records for Genealogical Research, David Allen Lambert

    Hotel Accommodations:

    Lodging provided for the Winter Research Getaway will be at the John Hancock Conference Center, near Copley Square, and just three short blocks from NEHGS. This hotel is located in the heart of Boston's historic Back Bay district and provides comfortable and quiet rooms, morning coffee service, and guest laundry facilities. There are various restaurants, cafes, shops, and a supermarket nearby, as well as the Boston Public Library.

    If you would prefer to make your own lodging arrangements, you are welcome to join our program as a "commuter." In doing so, you will still benefit from our program by enjoying the lectures, consultations with our staff, and research time in our library, but will pay a reduced registration fee that does not include lodging.

    Program Fees:

    Double: $390
    Single: $590
    Commuter (no hotel provided): $200

    For more information, please contact or call 1-888-286-3447.

    St. Albans Border Crossing Records
    By David Allen Lambert

    The St. Albans [Vermont] Border Crossing index and manifests can provide a great deal of information about early twentieth-century ancestors who traveled from Canada to the United States. Many genealogists do not use the St. Albans lists because they draw incorrect conclusions from the name of the records. The general feeling is, "My ancestors did not arrive from Canada via St. Albans, Vermont." However, the St. Albans border crossings can include records from coast to coast, and every land or water port between them. The NEHGS Microtext Department holds indexes and manifests covering the years 1895 to 1954.

    The information provided in the St. Albans manifests of aliens varies according to time period. As an example, we will look at a manifest from 1914. The columns on each manifest include brief headings that describe the information being collected. However, the brief headings don't do justice to the often-lengthy and detailed instructions given to the officials charged with filling out the forms. Looking at the headings — given below in parentheses — and responses in conjunction with the "instructions for filling alien manifests" will give you some interesting insights into the questions being asked in the year 1914.

    Column 1: (Number on List) — Number of the individual as it appears on the specific manifest list.

    Column 2: (Name in Full) — Family Name and Given Name.

    Column 3: (Age) — The return of age in column 3 should be expressed in years or months, the latter applying only to those under 1 year of age.

    Column 4: (Sex) — The entry in column 4 should be either M (male) or F (female).

    Column 5: (Married or Single) — The Entry in column 5 should be either M (married), S (single), Wd (widowed), or D (divorced).

    Column 6: (Calling or occupation) — The entry in column 6 should describe as accurately as possible the occupation, trade, or profession of each alien arrived, as for example: Civil engineer, stationary engineer, locomotive engineer, mining engineer, brass polisher, steel polisher, iron molder, wood turner, etc., and not simply as engineer, polisher, molder, turner or other indefinite designations. A distinction should be made between farmers and farm laborers, regardless of the amount of money shown, as follows: A farmer is one who operates a farm, either for himself or others. A farm laborer is one who works on a farm for the man who operates it.

    Column 7: (Able to read, and write) — Column 7 is subdivided and the entries therein should be either Yes – Yes (can read and write), No – No (can neither read nor write), or Yes – No (can read but not write).

    Column 8: (Nationality) — Column 8 should be constructed to mean the country of which immigrant is a citizen or subject.

    Column 9: (Race or people) — The entry in column 9 should show the race or people as given in list on reverse side of alien manifest.

    Special attention should be paid to the distinction between race and nationality. For instance, "France" appearing on a manifest does not necessarily mean "French" by race or people, and similarly, "French" appearing on a manifest does not necessarily mean "France" by nationality. An alien who is Irish, German, or Hebrew by race might properly come under the heading of United Kingdom or any other country by nationality. In this connection the following distinctions should be specially observed:

    Cuban: The term "Cuban" refers to the Cuban people (not Negroes).

    West Indian: "West Indian" refers to the people of the West Indies other than Cuba (not Negroes).

    Spanish-American: "Spanish-American" refers to the people of Central and South America of Spanish descent.

    African (Black): "African (black)" refers to the African Negro, whether coming from Cuba or other islands of the West Indies, North or South America, Europe, or Africa. Any alien whose appearance indicates an admixture of Negro blood should be classifies under this heading.

    Italian (North): The people who are native to the basin of the River Po in the northern Italy (i.e., compartments, or Piedmont, Lombardy, Venetia, and Emelia) and their descendants, whether residing in Italy, Switzerland, Austria-Hungary, or any other country, should be classed as "Italian (north)." Most of these people speak a Gallic dialect of the Italian language.

    Italian (South): The people who are native to that portion of Italy south of the Basin of the River Po (i.e., compartments of Liguria, Tuscany, the Marches, Umbria, Rome, the Abruzzi and Moise, Campania, Apulia, Basilicata, Calabria, Sicily, and Sardinia) and their descendants should be classed as "Italian (south)."

    List of Races or Peoples:

    African (black) - Armenian - Bohemian - Bulgarian - Chinese - Croatian - Cuban - Dalmatian - Dutch - East Indian - English - Finnish - Flemish - French - German - Greek - Hebrew - Herzegovinian - Irish - Italian (North) - Italian (South) - Japanese - Korean - Lithuanian - Magyar - Mexican - Montenegrin - Moravian - Pacific Islander - Polish - Portuguese - Roumanian - Russian - Ruthenian (Russniak) - Scandinavian (Norwegian, Danes, and Swedes) - Scotch - Servian - Slovak - Slovenian - Spanish - Spanish-American - Syrian - Turkish - Welsh - West Indian.

    Column 10: (Last permanent residence) — The entries in column 10 should show the country and city or town of last permanent residence. It is important for statistical purposes that country of last permanent residence independent of country of temporary residence, nationality, or race be shown. Aliens who are permanent residents of the United States and are returning from a visit abroad should be recorded on manifests as United States for country of last permanent residence.

    Column 11: (Name and complete address of nearest relative or friend in country whence alien came) — The entry in column 11 should give name and address of such relative. If no such relative living, give name and address of friend.

    Column 12: (Final Destination) — The entry in column 12 should show definitely the place (city or town) of final destination if within the United States; country, if outside the United States.

    Column 13: (Number on List) — Number the individual appears on the specific manifest list. [This begins a second ledger sheet page. The question references the previous sheet].

    Column 14: (Whether having a ticket to such final destination) — The entry in column 14 should be either Yes (ticket) or No (no ticket).

    Column 15: (By whom was passage paid) — The entry in column 15 should show definitely by whom passage was paid, as self; husband, father, brother, or other relative; friend; steamship company, etc.

    Column 16: (Whether in possession of $50; and if less, how much) — The entry in column 16 should give in each case (individual or family) the exact amount of money shown. Money brought by head of a family should not be divided among the several members of the family.

    Column 17: (Whether ever before in the United States; and if so, when and where) — The entries in column 17 should show whether or not (Yes or No) in the United States before; and if so, the year (or period of years), place and date of last departure from the United States; as 1894-97; Philadelphia; December 6, 1897.

    Column 18: (Going to join relative or friend; and if so, what relative or friend) — The entry in column 18 should show whether going to join either a relative or friend; and if so, what relative or friend, with name and complete address.

    Column 19 to 33: The answers in these columns should be complete, as indicated by the several headings.

    Column 19 : Ever in prison or almshouse, or institution for care and treatment of the insane, or supported by charity. If so, which.

    Column 20 : Whether a Polygamist.

    Column 21: Whether an Anarchist

    Column 22: Whether coming by reason of any offer, solicitation, promise, or agreement, express or implied, to labor in the United States.

    Column 23: Condition of Health, Mental and Physical.

    Column 24: Deformed or Crippled. Nature, length, of time, and cause.

    Supplemental Information Required by Naturalization Act approved June 29, 1906.

    Column 25: Height

    Column 26: Complexion

    Column 27: Color of — Hair & Eyes

    Column 28: Marks of identification

    Column 29: Place of Birth — Country & City or Town

    Supplemental Information required by Immigration Regulations.

    Column 30: Seaport of Landing.

    Column 31: Date of Landing

    Column 32: Name of SS [Sailing Ship]

    Column 33: Date of Examination

    For more information on these records, NEHGS members can view Michael J. Leclerc's research article, "St. Albans Passenger Arrival Records" at

    A Wheelchair at the NEHGS Library

    In the fall 2002 issue of New England Ancestors, we let members know that we were seeking a wheelchair donation. In response, NEHGS member and volunteer Juanita "Nita" McGranachan donated a wheelchair to the Society. Mrs. McGranachan lives in West Bridgewater, Massachusetts, and has been a member of NEHGS for two years.

    If you would like to use the wheelchair during your visit to NEHGS, please see the front desk receptionist once you arrive. If you have any questions about the use of the wheelchair before your visit, please contact or 617-536-5740, x. 200.

    Thank you to Mrs. McGranachan for her generous donation!

    An Antique Alert

    An NEHGS member in Florida asked us to alert eNews readers to an item she noticed in an antique store. She saw a large (32" x 30") ornate antique frame containing the following inscription: "In Memory Of Charles Dreisbach, died May 17, 1885, aged 75 yrs 2 mo. 9 days" and "Margaret Dreisbach, died June 1, 1884, 61 yrs l mo. 4 days". These words were written in script on an image of two open Bible pages. Below the Bible were the words, "Dying is but going home."

    The picture is priced at $125. If you are interested, please contact the Carousel Antique Center (8l3 Lake Ave., Lake Worth, Florida, 33460) at 1-561-533-0678.

    Favorite Ancestor Feedback

    We continue with reader submissions to the questions "Who is your favorite ancestor? Why?" If you would like to contribute information on your favorite ancestor, please send your story in 300 words or less to Lynn Betlock at Thank you to all past and future contributors!

    My Favorite Ancestor
    by Richard Draves of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

    It sounded so incredible that the editors of NEXUS didn’t want to publish it — my ancestor, Patrick Mooney, supposedly died in 1799 at the age of 118!


    They finally relented, however, and published my ahnentafel with his vital dates in the NEHGS NEXUS issue of April–May 1991. Family lore passed down that Patrick Mooney had lived to the age of 118, but by the time of publication in NEXUS, the only printed “proof” I had found was in the Illustrated History of Central Oregon (1905); page 790 stated “Patrick Mooney. . . would be the great-grandfather of J. H. Gray. This venerable patriarch was born in 1681 and died December 14, 1799, being 118 years of age. He married Jane Beard of Ireland and to them was born in Virginia, United States, on March 1, 1768, Nancy Mooney.”


    Later I discovered a corroboration. The Filson Club History Quarterly, Louisville, Kentucky, published an article in April 1928, entitled “Reverend John D. Shane’s Interview with Pioneer William Clinkenbeard.” The article identified “old Mr. Patrick Mooney, [Clinkenbeard's] father-in-law.” Clinkenbeard’s wife’s name was Mary Mooney. The article also stated that “Mooney was Irish, and had taught school seven years in one house, on the Cow Pasture [creek in Virginia]. . . An old man; said he was 120 years old when he died; about a mile from here that was.” The interview took place in Clark County, Kentucky, “shortly before 1843,” since Clinkenbeard died in 1844 at the age of 83. Here was Patrick Mooney’s own son-in-law attesting to his ancient age!


    Also after publication of the ahnentafel in NEXUS, I found in Paris, Bourbon County, Kentucky, the original consent dated July 23,1792, for his daughter [not his granddaughter] Nancy to marry David Gray (my ancestor). It was signed in a very legible and beautiful hand by schoolteacher Patrick Mooney and his wife Jane (Beard) Mooney, and was witnessed by Nancy’s siblings, John Mooney and Jane Dark.


    Subsequently, I also found the marriage of Patrick Mooney and Jane Beard recorded on February 28, 1753, in the Christina Congregation, Trinity (Old Swedes) Church, in Wilmington, Delaware. I also found Patrick Mooney in the Augusta County, Virginia, tax records for 1769 (“exempted from county levy”) and 1779, when he was reported as “delinquent, gone” [to Kentucky].


    What fun it was to verify the relationships stated in the Central Oregon history based on family lore and document proof that Patrick Mooney did indeed live well past 100, really a venerable age for those times!

    Alifetime appreciation of the "early days"
    By David Allen Sykes, 2nd, of Hopewell Junction, New York

    My favorite ancestor is my Grandfather Sykes whose collection of family stories awakened a lifetime appreciation of the "early days".

    One of his tales was of his mother who, upon landing on the shores of America, declared she would never again set foot on another ship!

    An English baptismal record places the family's departure after early September 1851, and naturalization records place their arrival in Boston by late September 1851. Contemporary accounts of sea captains in the Boston newspapers give their vivid memories of passing through a hurricane and seeing ships "bottoms up!" Poor Great Grandmother and her family!

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