Among the great manorial and mercantile families of colonial New York – Van Rensselaer, Van Cortlandt, Schuyler, De Peyster, Beekman, Stuyvesant, Ten Broeck, etc., mostly Dutch – the Livingstons of Livingston Manor stand tallest. Scottish, and of royal descent (see The Royal Descents of 500 Immigrants(hereafter RD500) , pp. 92-93, Ancestors of American Presidents [AAP] , pp. 210-11), the family was founded, like the Winthrops and Dudleys in Massachusetts, the Lloyds and Logans of Philadelphia, and the Randolphs and Lees in Virginia, by an immigrant forebear in the Dictionary of American Biography (and in the case of Robert Livingston, first lord of Livingston Manor, also by a namesake nephew known as Robert Livingston “the younger”). Throughout the colonial and Federal periods, the Livingstons “ran” New York. The Declaration of Independence was signed by Philip Livingston, Jr. Robert R. Livingston, Jr. was chancellor of New York State and the diplomat most responsible for the Louisiana Purchase. A secretary of state under Jackson was Edward Livingston. The wife of diplomat and statesman John Jay, the first U.S. Chief Justice, was New York society leader Sarah Van Brugh Livingston; Alexander Hamilton, the first secretary of the treasury, married Elizabeth Schuyler, granddaughter of Angelica (Livingston) Van Rensselaer; and the second wife of New York Governor DeWitt Clinton, promoter of the Erie Canal, was Catherine Livingston Jones, granddaughter of the “signer.” Hamilton Fish, secretary of state under Grant, was the son of a Stuyvesant and grandson of Margaret Livingston; Fish’s wife Julia Kean was the daughter of a Morris of Morrisania and the granddaughter of Susan Livingston (Stuyvesant Fish, son of Hamilton and Julia, was a noted railroad tycoon and banker whose wife was society leader Mrs. Marion Graves Anthon Fish; Edith Stuyvesant Dresser, a great-niece of Hamilton Fish, married George Washington Vanderbilt, the builder of Biltmore – see NEXUS 13 : 79-81). Robert Charles Winthrop, speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives and senator from Massachusetts, married thirdly Mrs. Adele Granger Thayer, daughter of a Van Rensselaer and great-great-granddaughter of the Angelica (Livingston) Van Rensselaer mentioned above. The Livingston line of Mrs. Levi Parsons Morton (Anna Livingston Reade Street) is treated in Internet column #53, (#16).
Among artists, inventors, explorers, and scientists, Robert Fulton, “inventor” of the steamboat, married Harriet Livingston, a great-niece of the “signer.” Artist Samuel Finley Breese Morse, inventor of the telegraph, married secondly Sarah Elizabeth Griswold, granddaughter of Catherine (Livingston) Breese. Arctic explorer Elisha Kent Kane was the grandson of a Van Rensselaer and a great-great-grandson of the above Angelica (Livingston) Van Rensselaer. The astrophysicist Louis Morris Rutherfurd married Margaret Stuyvesant Chanler, daughter of a Winthrop, granddaughter of a Stuyvesant, and great-granddaughter of the above Margaret (Livingston) Stuyvesant.
Alida Livingston, sister of Robert R. Livingston, Jr., married soldier and diplomat John Armstrong. Their daughter, Margaret Rebecca Armstrong, was the wife of William Backhouse Astor, son of the first John Jacob. “Society” leader Mrs. Caroline Webster Schermerhorn Astor was their daughter-in-law, and the wife of William B. Astor, Jr. John Jacob Astor III, Margaret Rebecca’s son, and John Jacob Astor IV, son of W.B., Jr. and Caroline, are both treated in the Dictionary of American Biography, as is [William] Vincent Astor, son of John Jacob IV. Vincent’s third wife is the well-known philanthropist and “Society” leader Brooke Astor (formerly Mrs. Roberta Brooke Russell Kuser Marshall). Listed below are also a few notable husbands of American Astors or their descendants – William Phillips, Samuel Ward IV, John Jay Chapman, and Richard Aldrich.
The British Astors are descended from John Jacob III, son of Margaret Rebecca Armstrong and father of William Waldorf Astor, 1st Viscount Astor, noted capitalist and diplomat. His elder son, William Waldorf Astor, Jr., 2nd Viscount Astor, British M.P., and owner of The Observer, married the well-known Nancy Witcher (Langhorne) Shaw, known as Lady Nancy Astor, the first female British M.P. Of the 2nd Viscount’s sons, the 3rd Viscount, Michael, and John Jacob VII were also M.P.s. David Astor inherited TheObserver. The 4th Viscount, son of the 3rd, has been an opposition spokesman in the House of Lords. John Jacob Astor V, 1st Baron Astor of Hever and younger son of the 1st Viscount, was the principal owner of The [London] Times. Of his sons, the 2nd Baron and Hugh Waldorf Astor were also connected with The Times, and John Astor was an M.P. Husbands of English Astors have included the 3rd Earl of Ancaster, M.P. and Lord Great Chamberlain; television producer Nicholas Ward; M.P. Herbert Henry Spender-Clay; diplomat Sir Philip B.B. Nichols, and company director Sir David Bowes-Lyon (brother of the late Queen Mother).
In the twentieth century, Livingston descendants have included a wide variety of cultural figures. Charles Eliot Norton, the art historian and editor who died in 1908, married Susan Ridley Sedgwick, great-granddaughter of Catherine (Livingston) Ridley. Columbia University president Nicholas Murray Butler (d. 1947) married Susanna Edwards Schuyler, great-great-granddaughter of Angelica (Livingston) Van Rensselaer. The novelist Louis Stanton Auchincloss married Vanderbilt descendant Adele Lawrence, whose great-great-grandfather John Thorp Lawrence married a daughter of Sarah (Livingston) Ricketts. The first wife of architect Eero Saarinen (in one of whose two Yale colleges I lived one summer) was Lilian Louise Swann, daughter of a second Susan Ridley Sedgwick, niece of Mrs. Norton. The Livingston lines of poet Robert [Traill Spence] Lowell (IV) and Yale president Alfred Whitney Griswold are outlined in NK2: 210-11 and New England Ancestors 1 : 5:41-42.
Among figures in popular culture, the composer Irving Berlin married Ellen Travers Mackay (who coined the term “café society”), daughter of Catherine Alexander Duer and great-great-granddaughter of Columbia College president William Alexander Duer. W.A. Duer was the son of Catherine Alexander, whose mother was Sarah Livingston. Rock singer David [Van Cortland] Crosby (b. 1941) is the grandson of Julia Floyd Delafield, daughter of Catharine Van Rensselaer, herself a granddaughter of Stephen Van Rensselaer, Jr., the founder of Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. This last, the son of Catherine (Livingston) Van Rensselaer, himself married Margaret Schuyler, a sister of Mrs. Alexander Hamilton above. Dancer and actor Fred Astaire married Mrs. Phyllis Livingston Baker Potter, daughter of Harold Woods Baker and Caroline E. Livingston. The actor and movie producer Kirk Douglas married firstly the actress Diana Dill of Bermuda, daughter of Ruth Rapalje Neilsen, herself the granddaughter of Catherine Bayard Rutgers. The parents of this last, Anthony Rutgers and Sarah Alexander Johnson, were first cousins, grandchildren of Nicholas Bayard and Catherine Livingston. Diana Dill and Kirk Douglas are the parents of actor, producer, and director Michael Douglas, now married to the actress Catherine Zeta-Jones. The Livingston descent of actor [Edward] Montgomery Clift, as noted below, is covered in Notable Kin, Volume Two [NK2] (1999), pp. 160-61.
Returning to business and political figures, twentieth-century Livingston descendants included Edward “Ned” Crosby 3rd and the wives of radio engineer and inventor Lee DeForest, Joseph Wright Alsop V, Russell Errol Train, McGeorge Bundy, and Elliot Lee Richardson. The Livingston descents of First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt, wife of Franklin Delano Roosevelt, and of the two Presidents Bush, are covered in Notable Kin, Volume One [NK1] (1998): 109-10, 117-20. Lee DeForest married secondly Mrs. Nora Stanton Blatch [DeForest Barney], granddaughter of suffragette and feminist leader Mrs. Elizabeth Cady Stanton, whose Livingston descent (her mother was Margaret Chinn Livingston) is outlined in NK1:204-5.
“Ned” Johnson of Fidelity is descended from Catherine Ann (Livingston) Cleveland via Waterbury, Edwards, and his mother Elsie Livingston (Johnson) Johnson. Newspaper columnist Joseph Wright Alsop V married Mrs. Susan Mary Jay Patten (the author Susan Mary Alsop), a great-great-granddaughter of John Jay and Sarah Van Brugh Livingston above (and an Astor but not an Armstrong descendant). Environmentalist Russell Errol Train married Aileen Ligon Bowdoin, whose great-grandfather, George Richard James Bowdoin, married Frances Hamilton, granddaughter of Alexander Hamilton above and Elizabeth Schuyler. Presidential advisor McGeorge Bundy married Mary Buckminster Lothrop, a descendant of Alida (Livingston) Lloyd via Borland, Tiffany, Abbott, and Lothrop. Cabinet official and diplomat Elliot Lee Richardson married Anne Francis Hazard, great-granddaughter of Robert Patterson Kane, brother of Elisha Kent Kane above.
This clan, then, is extraordinary. The Livingstons not only “ran” colonial New York; they also contributed Astors, Fishes, and a Mrs. Vanderbilt to the post-Civil War “tycoon” culture, and continued to figure prominently in the governance of New York and the evolution of its “Society.” Modern figures of Livingston descent include actors, a rock singer, and the wives of an art historian, a novelist, an architect, a composer, and a dancer. The 41st and 43rd presidents, First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt and the wife of Levi Parsons Morton belong to the clan, as do the wives of several lesser modern political figures. The Livingstons compose, I am certain, the largest notable progeny of an immigrant to New York of royal descent. Very possibly they constitute the largest such progeny of any immigrant to New York or New Amsterdam.
Listed below, in the usual format for this column, are the thirteen figures of Livingston descent whom I have already treated, plus twenty-seven figures for whom not only their Livingston lines, but also all lines to other immigrants of royal descent now known, are traced. My next column, much shorter, will cover the major notable descendants of William Randolph and Henry Isham of Virginia.
From Notable Kin, Volumes 1 and 2 (NK1, NK2):
From NEHGS NEXUS, New England Ancestors (NEA), Internet:
SOURCES (Livingston): E.E. Livingston, The Livingstons of Livingston Manor (1910), esp. pp. 539-63, and Florence Van Rensselaer, The Livingston Family in America and Its Scottish Origins (1949, henceforth LFA) (“signer” Philip Livingston, Jr. is #15, Robert R. Livingston, Jr. #105, Edward Livingston #113, Mrs. John Jay #94, Mrs. Alexander Hamilton #3044, Mrs. Robert Fulton #191, Hamilton Fish, his wife and son [Stuyvesant Fish] #s 446, 634, and 986, Mrs. R.C. Winthrop #3266, Mrs. Nicholas Murray Butler #3276, the Astors [American and British] #s 315, 820-26, 1495-1504, 2216-2240, 2809- 2822, First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt #2554, Mrs. Irving Berlin #2741 and A.W. Griswold #2522) and NYGBR 84 (1953): 4-15, 99-107, 170-78, 239-45, 85: 20-34 (Mrs. L.M. Rutherfurd is treated on pp. 26-27, Mrs. J.J. Chapman and Mrs. Richard Aldrich on pp. 28-29), 107-13, 172-80, 230-39, 86: 35-43, 80-89 (Mrs. S.F.B. Morse is on p. 88), 177-84, 239-46, 87: 37-51, 113-15, 166-79, 238-45 (Mrs. L.R. Morton is on p. 241), 88: 39-48 (progeny of Gilbert2 Livingston of Clermont). See also Clare Brant and Arthur Kelly, A Livingston Genealogy (1982), 2nd ed. (J.D. Livingston and Arthur Kelly) (1986), Howland Davis and Arthur Kelly, A Livingston Genealogical Register (1995) (in the 1995 work, Mrs. Eero Saarinen is on chart G3, Mrs. Fred Astaire on chart H31, the parents of Mrs. McGeorge Bundy on chart H82 and Mrs. Elizabeth Cady Stanton on chart N9) and Rev. F.W. Pyne, Descendants of the Signers of the Declaration of Independence, vol. 2, New York State (1998, hereafter DSDI2), pp. 129-241 (progeny of Philip Livingston, Jr.). Among allied families see Florence Christoph, Schuyler Genealogy, 2 vols. (1987, 1992), Florence Van Rensselaer and Ethel L. FitzRandolph, The Van Rensselaers in Holland and America (1956), esp. pp. 20-21, 24-29, 37-45, 54-65, etc., and Hubert M. Sedgwick, A Sedgwick Genealogy (1961), pp. 211-21 (Mrs. C.E. Norton appears on 213-14, Mrs. Saarinen on 220-21). Documentation for most of the above sources is weak. See my Ancestors of American Presidents, 1st ed. (1995), pp. 121-30, 172-74, 210-11, 231, and NK1:107-24 for the presidents Bush and Eleanor Roosevelt. For Mrs. DeWitt Clinton, see her obituary in the New York Herald, 3 July 1855. For the Fishes see Stuyvesant Fish, Ancestors of Hamilton Fish and Julia Ursin Niemcewitz Kean, His Wife (1929), DSDI2: 328-30, 336-37, 359, 391, and TAG 17 (1940-41): 74-78 (Walton, Lawrence).
SOURCES (for descents from other RD immigrants):
24 (5) Vincent Astor: C.P. Keith, Provincial Councillors of Pennsylvania (1883, repr. 1997, hereafter PCP), pp. (7)-(17), (21)-(23), (103)-(104) and NCAB 8 (1898): pp. 106-7. (7) Mrs. William Drayton: H. DeS. Bull, The Family of Stephen Bull (1961), pp. 4-16, 58-59 and Genealogies of Pennsylvania Families From the Pennsylvania Genealogical Magazine, vol. 1 (1982), pp. 417-20, 422-24, 430-33, 437-38 (Drayton). (9-10) Mrs. Chapman and Mrs. Aldrich: Lately Thomas, The Astor Orphans, A Pride of Lions: The Chanler Chronicle (1971), esp. pp. 14-18, 210-13, 238, NCAB 33 (1947): 212-13 (Richard Aldrich) and sources for #22 above listed in NEA 1:2:41.
25 (1) Mrs. J.J. Astor (III):South Carolina Genealogies (hereafter S.C. Genealogies), vol. 2 (1983), pp. 215-17, 222-23, 225, 228-29 (Gibbes). (2) M.D. Paul Astor: Henry N. Paul, Joseph Paull of Ilminster, Somerset, England and Some of His Descendants Who Have Resided in Philadelphia, Penna. (1933), pp. 43-58, 66-70, 87-88, 102, 121-22, T.A. Glenn, Merion in the Welsh Tract (1896, repr. 1970), pp. 302-3 (where Ann[a] Jones’s husband is incorrectly identified as James Jones of Brockley), 98-106 (Roberts of Pencoyd). (3) Nancy Langhorne, Viscountess Astor: John McGill, The Beverley Family of Virginia (1956), pp. 8-9, 117-18, 220-21, 259-60, 264-66 (Langhorne, Dabney, Price, Randolph, Beverley, Peyton) and H.W. Brainard, A Survey of the Ishams in England and America (1938), pp. 50-55, 81-82, 84-89 (Isham, Randolph). (4-17): Burke’s Peerage, 106th ed. (1999), articles on Astor (viscounts), Astor of Hever (barons), Willoughby de Eresby (for 3rd Earl of Ancaster) and Strathmore and Kinghorne (for Sir David Bowes-Lyon) and Burke’sLanded Gentry, 18th ed., vol. 2 (1969), pp. 142-43 (for Spender-Clay), 530 (Nicholis).
28. Mrs. Auchincloss:LFA to J.R.W.K. Lawrence, #628, p. 157 and Volney Archer, Commodore Cornelius Vanderbilt, Sophia Johnson Vanderbilt, and Their Descendants (1972) for the Vanderbilt line; NYGBR 12 (1881): 13, 15, 18, 23, 74 (Livingston to G.F. Lawrence), classbooks for Yale class of 1920 (Blake L. Lawrence) and New York social registers 1917 and earlier for Blake L. and George F.R. Lawrence.
29. Mrs. Saarinen: Bayard Tuckerman, Notes on the Tuckerman Family of Massachusetts and Some Allied Families (1914), pp. 117-49, 187-254 (Tuckerman, Cary, Gibbs, Wolcott); R.M. Sherman, V.D. Vincent, L.D. Finlay and R.S. Wakefield, Mayflower Families Through Five Generations, vol. 15 (1997), pp. 5, 18-19, 51-52, 144-45 (Cary, Foster, Winslow) and T.B. Wyman, The Genealogies and Estates of Charlestown, 2 vols. (1879, repr. 1982, etc.), pp. 179-80 (Cary), 710-11 (Nowell); George Gibbs, The Gibbs Family of Rhode Island (1933), pp. 18-26, 70-76 (Gibbs, Wolcott); Alvan Talcott, Families of Early Guilford, Connecticut (1984), pp. 223-25 (Collins) and Edward Leete, The Descendants of William Leete (1934), pp. 1, 3; H.R. Stiles, The History and Genealogies of Ancient Windsor, Connecticut, vol. 2 (1892, repr. 1976), p. 730 (Stoughton); Register 37 (1883): 33-35, 53 (1899): 222, 141 (1987): 98 (Wyllys), 24 (1870): 124-28; William Whiting, Memoir of Rev. Samuel Whiting, D.D. and of His Wife, Elizabeth St. John (1873), esp. pp. 193-95, 203.
30. Mrs. Berlin: “The Pedigrees of Katherine Alexander Duer Blake (Mrs. Joseph Blake)” [Mrs. Berlin’s mother] – oversize G BLA 7106 at NEHGS, plus Register 84 (1930): 333-34 and NYGBR 62 (1931): 156-57 (obituaries of Mrs. Blake). As noted, Mrs. Berlin appears on p. 274 of LFA.
31. David Crosby: David Crosby, Long Time Gone (1998), an autobiography; New York social registers, 1944 and earlier (Floyd D. Crosby & Aliph Whitehead); LFA to Floyd Delafield Crosby, #2651, p. 267 and J.R.T. Craine and H.W. Hazard, The Ancestry and Posterity of Matthew Clarkson (1664-1702) (1971, hereafter Clarkson), pp. 12-14, 19-20, 29-30, 50-51, 96-97, 180-81 (Matthew Clarkson to F.D. Crosby). F.D. Crosby also appears on pp. 35 and 189 of Rev. F.W. Pyne, Descendants of the Signers of the Declaration of Independence, Volume 2, New York State (1998), as a descendant of both William Floyd and Philip Livingston, Jr.
32. Mrs. Astaire (in addition to chart H31 of A Livingston Genealogical Register): American National Biography, 24 vols. (1999), 1:693-95 and LFA, p. 202 (to Mrs. Astaire’s parents).
33. Mrs. Douglas: Diane [Love Dill] Douglas Darrid, In the Wings, A Memoir (1999), passim; Rev. W. Northey Jones, The History of St. Peter’s Church in Perth Amboy, New Jersey (1924), pp. 233-34 (Dill, Neilson); NCAB 28 (1940), pp. 350-51 (N.B. Neilson); NYGBR 12 (1881): 13, 15, 17, 22, 72 (Neilson, Rutgers, Bayard, Johnson, Livingston). I first saw an outline of the bulk of this descent in R.R. Davenport, Roots of the Rich and Famous (1998), p. 39.
34. Michael Douglas: His mother’s memoir, as above, and recent Who’s Whos.
35. Mrs. deForest: Sources as per NK1:207-8 and NK2:47.
36. Johnson: Susan E. Keats, There Will Be Dancing: The History of a Johnson Family (2000), pp. 137-59, 172-80, 188-90, 209-15, 268-84, 457-78 (Johnson, Benjamin, Edwards, Waterbury, Cleveland, Livingston); G.W. Bicha and H.B. Brown, The Benjamin Family in America (1977), pp. 51-52, 103-5, 188-89, 361-62, 596, The Bi-Centennial Celebration, First Congregational Church of Preston, Connecticut, 1698-1898 (1900), p. 140 (23 April 1710 baptisms of Deborah and Dorothy, daughters of John and Deborah Clark) and R.P. Anderson, The Parke Scrapbook, Number 2 (1966), pp. 24-26, 29, 45 (Clark, Parke); C.H. Farnam, History of the Descendants of John Whitman of Weymouth, Mass. (1889), pp. 17-19, 41-45, 64, 536-69 (Johnson, Benjamin, Seymour, Whitney); Register 97 (1943): 12-14 (Alcock), 102 (1948): 97-98 (reprinted in EO1:3:70-71) (Palgrave).
37. Mrs. Alsop:Clarkson, pp. 12-13, 15, 21-22, 33-34, 62, 117, 204-5, 330-31 (M. Clarkson to Mrs. Alsop), LFA to P.A. Jay, son of Augustus, p. 219), and W.K. and A.C.Z. Rutherford, Genealogical History of the Rutherford Family, rev. ed. (1979), pp. 89-90, 803, 805, 807; H.D. Eberlein and Cortlandt Van Dyke Hubbard, Historic Houses of George-Town and Washington City (1958), pp. 461-62 (Jay, Pearson) and Dr. and Mrs. W.C. Stubbs, Descendants of Mordecai Cooke… and Thomas Booth… (1923), pp. 188-90, 247-49, 260-61 (Pearson, Worthington, Booth) and E.W. Beitzell, The Cheseldine Family, Historical (1949), pp. 8-9 (Aylett, Ashton, Hardwick/Hardidge, Gerard); E.D. Kane, Story of John Kane of Dutchess County, New York (1921), pp. 113-14, G.A. Morrison, Jr., The “Clarke” Families of Rhode Island (1902), p. 269, and N.M. Tiffany and S.I. Lesley, Letters of James Murray, Loyalist (1901), pp. 293, 112, 132, 153, 156, 272-74 (J.I. Clark and his parents); John Wentworth, The Wentworth Genealogy, 2nd ed. (1878), pp. 328-29, 334.
38. Mrs. Train: R.E. Train, The Bowdoin Family (2000), chapters 1-5 and pp. 176-81 esp., LFA to G.T. Bowdoin, #3705, p. 353, and W.M. Emery, The Howland Heirs (1919), pp. 30, 116, 245-46, 250, 257-58, 273-74, 286 (J. Clarke to G.T. Bowdoin); Josephine C. Frost, Ancestors of Henry Rogers Winthrop and His Wife Alice Woodward Babcock (1927, hereafter Winthrop-Babcock), pp. 56-58, 323-24, 389-91 (Borland, Lindall, Poole, with Winthrop, Dudley, and Dighton chapters also); Temple Prime, Some Account of the Temple Family, 4th ed. (1899), pp. 54-60, Descent of John Nelson and of His Children, 2nd ed. (1894), pp. 4-6 and Some Account of the Bowdoin Family, with Notes on the Familes of Pordage, Lynde, Newgate [and] Erving, 2nd ed. (1894), esp. pp. 30-34 (Pordage, Lynde).
39. Mrs. Bundy:NCAB, Current Volume J, 1960-63 (1964), pp. 89-90 (McGeorge Bundy) and Harvard College Class of 1921 Fiftieth Anniversary Report (1971), pp. 302-4 (F.B. Lothrop); C.H. Pope and Thomas Hooper, Hooper Genealogy (1908), pp. 153-55 (Lothrop, Hooper), Rev. E.B. Huntington, A Genealogical Memoir of the Lo-Lathrop Family (1884), pp. 124, 193-94, 268-69, 309 and E.A. Kraege, The Kirtland, Kirkland Families (1979), pp. 89, 92, 95; Eliza Buckminster Lee, Memoirs of Rev. Joseph Buckminster, D.D., and of his Son, Rev. Joseph Stevens Buckminster (1849) and Dean Dudley, The History of the Dudley Family (1886-98), pp. 751-52, 1053-54, 686-87, 659-74, 276 (Cotton and Dudley to Rev. Joseph Buckminster, Jr.); R.F. Sturgis, Edward Sturgis of Yarmouth, Massachusetts, 1613-1695, and His Descendants (1914), pp. 41-47 (E.M. Davis to F.B. Lothrop); Register 82 (1928): 497 (obituary of Mrs. Louisa Crowninshield Bacon), H.S. Gorham, “The Gorham Family” (tss. at NEHGS), vol. 10 (1934), pp. 468-69 (incomplete list of children of D.C. Bacon and D.T. Gorham), vol. 5 (1932), p. 266 (Bacon, Gorham), J.R. Totten, Thacher-Thatcher Genealogy (1910), pp. 92-106, 116-19, 171-74, 311, 423-24 (Winslow to Mrs. D.C. Bacon) and E.F. Waterman and D.L. Jacobus, The Waterman Family, vol. 1 (1939), p. 619 (Josiah Winslow); Register 97 (1943): 276-80 (Taylor, FitzRandolph), plus R.M. and R.W. Sherman, Vital Records of Yarmouth, Massachusetts to the Year 1850, vol. 1 (1975), pp. 19-20, 135 (marriage and children of Seth Taylor); Class of 1884, Harvard College, Twentieth-Fifth Anniversary Report of the Secretary (1924), p. 17 (Gordon, Abbott), Mass. death records of Jeremiah (, vol. 456, p. 116) and Ellen Maria (Bangs) Abbott (1920, vol. 12, p. 368), Rev. Abiel Abbott and Rev. Ephraim Abbott, [Abbott] Genealogical Register (1847), pp. 125-26, M.A. Stickney, The Stickney Family (1869), pp. 62-64, 119-21, 455 and M.L. Holman, Ancestry of Charles Stinson Pillsbury and John Sargent Pillsbury, 2 vols. (1938), pp. 361-68 (Carleton); N.O. Tiffany, The Tiffanys of America (1901), pp. 36-37, Papers of the Lloyd Family, vol. 2, 1752-1826, with Genealogical Appendix (Collections of the New-York Historical Society vol. 60, 1927), pp. 882-85, 887-89, 893-96, 898-900 (John Nelson to Mrs. Gordon Abbott), C.H.C. Howard, Genealogy of the Cutts Family in America (1892), pp. 13-14, 19-20, 32, 61, 120-21, 238 (Samuel Penhallow to Mrs. Tiffany), Register 17 (1863): 119-20 (Vassall, Borland, plus Winthrop-Babcock as above, #38), and NYGBR 84 (1953): 4-6, 8-9, 174-75 (Livingston to Mrs. John Borland).
40. Mrs. Richardson:Who Was Who in America, vol. 13, 1998-2000 (2000), p. 232 (E.L. Richardson), vol. 5, 1969-1973, p. 319 (T.P. Hazard); G.E. Bushnell, Bushnell Family Genealogy (1945), pp. 436-37, Obituary Record of Graduates of Yale University Deceased During the Academical Year Ending in June 1887 (1887), pp. 351-52 (E.W. Blake), F.C. Pierce, The Descendants of John Whitney (1895), pp. 134-35 (and R.B. Moffat, Pierrepont Genealogies , pp. 87, 100, 111); NCAB, vol. 27 (1939), pp. 186-87 (Walter Cope), LFA to Anne Francis Cope, #3575, p. 344 and PCP, pp. 1-18 (Kane, Fisher, Logan); S.C. Genealogies, vol. 3 (1983), pp. 139-41 (Middleton).
For the royal descents of underlined immigrants above see RD500 (1993, repr. 2002), esp. p. 656 (for Increase Nowell); David Faris, Plantagenet Ancestry of Seventeenth-Century Colonists, 2nd ed. (1999); plus for the possible (but unproved) lines of Rev. John Cotton, the Winslow brothers, and Gov. George Wyllys of Conn., New Hampshire Genealogical Record 16 (1999): 145-70 (Cotton) and Register 154 (2000): 78-108 (Winslow), 141 (1987): 98 (Wyllys).