George Herbert Walker Bush, 41st president of the United States and 40th
individual holder of the office whose bicentennial is April 30, 1989, is a
distant kinsman of at least 10 of his predecessors and the first president whose
known immediate ancestry is almost evenly divided among New England Yankees,
mid-Atlantic residents (including Quakers and Germans), and Southerners. Bush is
also the first president, after the two Roosevelts, with near relatives in the
Social Register the second president, after Taft, who graduated from
Yale; and the first president whose father was a U.S. senator -- although J.Q.
Adams was the son of a president, W.H. Harrison, Tyler and Pierce the sons of
governors, Benjamin Harrison the son of a congressman, Taft the son of a
secretary of war, and Kennedy the son of an ambassador to Great Britam. Mr.
Bush has, at least among forebears traced to date, no Mayflower descent
but some Cape Cod forebears he shares with Vice President James Danforth Quayle;
no Salem witch connection but some Essex County ancestry (notably Fellows and
Cross of Ipswich, ancestors of Dr. Sanford Smith below); and no American
forebears shared by The Princess of Wales but five New England immigrant
ancestors of royal descent -- Rev. Peter Bulkeley of Concord, Mass., and Jane
Allen, his first wife (who died in England but left children who immigrated with
their father); the famed Mrs. Anne Marbury Hutchinson of Rhode Island and her
daughter-in-law, Mrs. Catherine Hamby Hutchinson of Boston; and Dr. Richard
Palgrave of Charlestown, Mass. One of Bush’s
great-great-great-great-grandmothers, moreover, was Mrs. Lucy Prescott Fay,
sister of Dr. Samuel Prescott (1751-ca. 1777), who completed Paul Revere’s
midnight ride of 19 April 1775.
The 10 earlier presidents among Mr. Bush’s distant kinsmen, all descended
from New England immigrant forebears (or their children or English parents) of
Samuel Prescott Bush, the president’s grandfather, are Franklin Pierce, Abraham
Lincoln, U.S. Grant, R.B. Hayes, Grover Cleveland, W.H. Taft, Calvin Coolidge,
F.D. Roosevelt, R.M. Nixon, and Gerald Ford. Five of these 10 -- Hayes,
Cleveland, Taft, Coolidge, and F.D. Roosevelt -- are distantly related to Bush
through two or more pairs of such ancestors (Bush has two, probably three
kinships to Hayes; two to Cleveland; three, possibly four, to Taft; three to
Coolidge; and five to FDR). Treated below, however, are only Mr. Bush’s
descents from forebears that provide his nearest kinships to these 10
predecessors. Via descent from Daniel Brewer (died 1646 in Roxbury,
Massachusetts) and Joanna ____, Bush and Pierce are fifth cousins four times
removed; via Edward Gilman (baptized 1557 in Caston, Norfolk, England) and an
unknown wife, Bush and Lincoln ar seventh cousins four times removed, and Bush
and Ford eleventh cousins; via Rev. John Lathrop (1584-1653), noted minister and
founder of Barnstable, Massachusetts, and Hannah House, his wife, Bush and Grant
are sixth cousins five times removed; via Samuel Smith (died 1680 in Hadley,
Massachusetts) and Elizabeth Smith, his wife, Bush and Hayes are sixth cousins
three times removed twice over, and Bush and Cleveland seventh cousins twice
removed, also twice over; via Thomas Davenport (died 1685 in Dorchester,
Massachusetts) and Mary ____, Bush and Taft are sixth cousins three times
removed; via Andrew Phillips, Jr. (died 1717 in Charlestown, Massachusetts) and
Sarah Smith, Bush and Coolidge are sixth cousins twice removed; via Elisha
Hutchinson (1641-1717) of Boston, Bush and F.D. Roosevelt are half sixth cousins
three times removed; and via Robert Foote (died 1608/9 in Shalford, Essex,
England) and Joan Brooke, Bush and Nixon are tenth cousins once removed.
Of the above-listed immigrant ancestors of President Bush who were of royal
descent, the two Mrs. Hutchinsons and Palgrave were also ancestors of F.D.
Roosevelt, and Mrs. Elizabeth St. John Whiting of Lynn, Massachusetts, a niece
of Rev. Bulkeley, was an ancestor of Coolidge. Mrs. Anne Marbury Hutchinson,
descended three times over from Edward I, King of England, died 1307, was also
8th in descent from Sancha de Ayala, died 1418, Spanish wife of Sir Walter
Blount and ancestress of eight American presidents -- Washington (via the
immigrant John Washington of Westmoreland County, Virginia), the two Harrisons
(via Mrs. Sarah Ludlow Carter of Virginia), Cleveland (via Robert Abell of
Rehoboth Massachusetts), probably Hoover (via Governor Thomas Dudley of
Massachusetts), F.D. Roosevelt and Bush (via Mrs. Hutchinson) and Ford (via Mrs.
Elizabeth Marshall Lewis of Saco, Maine). Sancha de Ayala is thought by some
scholars to have Muslim and other surprising ancient ancestry. Her brother was
certainly, moreover, a great-great-grandfather of Ferdinand II, King of Aragon
(and V, King of Castile), husband of the celebrated Queen Isabella of Castile
and patron of Columbus. Thus George Herbert Walker Bush, who will be the 41st
U.S. president during the 1992 500th anniversary of the discovery of America. is
a fourth cousin fifteen times removed of the king who sponsored Columbus’s
 In addition to his New England ancestry, through which the
just-discussed presidential kinships and royal descents derive, Bush also
descends from, among his 32 great-great-grandparents, Walker, Shriner, and
Stackhouse families of Pennsylvania; Shellman, Mercer, Davis, and Beaky families
of Maryland; Weir, Gault, Yancey, Field, Holliday, McCune, Force, and Dawson
families of Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, or Missouri; and a Montfort family
probably of Georgia. The first president with a sizable amount of readily
traceable New England, mid-Atlantic, and Southern ancestry, Bush can probably
add several million distant mid-Atlantic or Southern-derived relatives to a
kindred whose major component is a very large section of the “New England
family” that may now include as many as 100 million Americans, often eighth to
twelfth cousins. Thus the first president in whose ancestry one may quip that
the American Civil War finally ended -- earlier presidents, post 1865, had
either much New England or much Southern ancestry, but not both -- is also very
likely the first president who may be related to as many as half of the citizens
whose government he heads.
The ancestor table below (#s 1-63), plus its extensions, excerpts in effect
from my forthcoming Ancestors of American Presidents, is only an
initial effort that requires much expansion and input by other genealogists and
kinsmen. The ancestry of Bush’s paternal grandmother, Flora Sheldon, is mostly
unexplored, and the origins of Clarissa Montfort, Catharine Shriner, Elizabeth
Gault, Nancy R. McCune, and Peter and Eliza (Dawson) Force merit monographic
study by area specialists. Even in the form below, however, this ancestor table
is a cooperative effort. William Addams Reitwiesner of Washington, D.C., a
long-time colleague on many genealogical matters, compiled an early and expanded
version of this list, one which we sent to then Vice President Bush and he
warmly acknowledged. Mrs. Elaine Bush Prince of Framingham published her fine
study of “The Patrilineal Descent of Vice President Bush” in the NEXUS 3(1986):
124-25, and allowed me to photocopy many of her notes. Christopher T. Walker,
who has undertaken considerable research on the patrilineal descent of the
president’s mother, kindly shared much data also. Richard Andrew Pierce combed
printed and microform sources at NEHGS on Yanceys, Fields, and other Southern
families in the ancestry of Bush’s maternal grandmother, and found useful Uncles
data as well. Julie Helen Otto of NEHGS likewise explored the Shellmans,
undertook extensive local research in primary sources on the Child, Phillips,
and Howard families, and drew and lettered charts showing the new president’s
royal descents, presidential kinships, and connections to Vice President
Quayle. I urge all NEXUS readers with additions or corrections to join this
collaboration. Also welcome is information on the ancestry of Vice President
James Danforth Quayle, which I have begun to explore as well, and which might be
incorporated into a future column. Outlined below are only Bush’s descents from
his and Quayle’s mutual ancestor, Rev. John Mayo (died 1676) of Eastham, Boston,
and Yarmouth, Massachusetts, and a second likely mutual ancestor, James Hamlin
(died 1690) of Barnstable.
Below, then, is an ancestor table for President Bush for six generations. It
varies slightly from the usual NEXUS format, by including full dates and places
for all vital events whenever known. For the father of any person listed,
double the number; for the mother, double it and add one; for a child, divide
the number by two and drop halves. Places precede dates, and b., d., m., and
ca. are abbreviations for born, married, died, and circa (about). Following the
ancestor table are single or multi-line extensions of the ancestry of five of
Bush’s New-England derived great-great-great grandparents, arranged in the
standard format for this column, showing the president’s descent from each of
the individuals or couples named above. The figure’s name, in this case the
sixth generation Bush ancestor, is followed by a colon, then parents,
grandparents, great-grandparents, etc. backwards to the italicized, already
mentioned ancestors, with semi-colons separating generations, commas separating
couples in the same generation, and (RD) denoting an immigrant ancestor of royal
descent. For excursions into Bush’s myriad kinships to non-presidential
notables, I refer readers and NEHGS library users to my life’s work, “The
Mowbray Connection” (23 vols., manuscript at the Society, the New York Public
Library, and the Society of Genealogists in London), especially the charts
covering notable Bulkeley, Marbury, and Palgrave descendants; to pamphlets I
compiled on the notable progeny of Rev. John Lathrop of Barnstable and the
Stanleys of Hartford (ancestors of Bush via St. Johns and Keelers), and to the
addenda to these pamphlets, all also at NEHGS; to various earlier “Notable Kin”
columns; and for a single chart showing several connections of interest, to R.W.
Price, John Lothropp (7584-1653): A Puritan Biography and Genealogy
1. George Herbert Walker Bush, b. Milton, Mass. 12 June 1924, m.
Rye, N.Y. 6 Jan. 1945 Barbara Pierce, b. Rye 8 June 19252. Prescott
Sheldon Bush, U.S. Senator from Conn., b. Columbus, Ohio 15 May 1895, d. New
York City 8 Oct. 1972, m. Kennebunkport, Me. 6 Aug. 19213. Dorothy
Walker, b. near Walker’s Point, York Co., Me. 1 July 19014. Samuel
Prescott Bush, b. Brick Church, N.J. 4 Oct. 1863, d. Columbus, Ohio 8 Feb.
1948, m. (1) Columbus 20 June 18945. Flora Sheldon, b. Mar. 1872,
d. 19206. George Herbert Walker, b. St. Louis, Mo. 11 June 1875,
d. New York City 24 June 1953, m. 17 Jan. 18997. Lucretia "Loulie"
Wear, b. St. Louis 17 Sept. 1874, d. Biddeford, Me. 28 Aug. 19618.
Rev. James Smith Bush, b. Rochester, N.Y. 15 June 1825, d. Ithaca. N.Y.
11 Nov. 1889, m. (2) New York City 24 Feb. 1859
9. Harriet Eleanor Fay, b. Savannah, Ga., 29 Oct. 1829, d. Boston,
Mass. 27 Feb. 192410. Robert Emmet Sheldon, b. Tiffin, Ohio, 1 June
1845, m. (1) 24 Feb. 186911. Mary E. Butler, b. Ohio ca. 185012.
David Davis Walker, b. near Bloomington, Ill., 19 Jan. 1840, d.
Kennebunkport, Me., 4 Oct. 1918, m. St. Louis, Mo. 25 Dec. 186213. Martha
Adela Beaky, b. Emmitsburg, Md., 1 June 184114. James Hutchenson
Wear (II), b. Otterville, Mo., 30 Sept. 1838, d. St. Louis 14 June 1893, m.
St. Louis 4 Dec. 186615. Nannie E. Holliday, b. ca. 1848, d. 25 Feb.
1942.16. Obadiah Newcomb Bush, b. 28 Jan. 1797, d. en route from
Calif. ca. 1851, m. Rochester 8 Nov. 182117. Harriet Smith, b.
Cambridge, N.Y., 12 May 1800; d. Cincinnati, Ohio, 21 June 186718.
Samuel Howard Fay, b. Cambridge, Mass., 21 July 1804, d. Brooklyn, N.Y.
16 Aug. 1847, m. Savannah, Ga.,5 July 182519. Susan Shellman, b.
Savannah 20 Feb. 1808, d. 12 Jan. 188720. Thomas H. Sheldon, b.
R.I., d. ca. 1852, m. Franklin Co., Ohio, 21 Jan. 184421. Martha Uncles,
m. (2) William Merion22-23. (unknown)24. George E. Walker,
b. prob. Burlington, N.J. ca. 1797, d. near Bloomington, Ill. 28 Oct. 1864,
m. Baltimore, Md., 22 May 182125. Harriet Mercer, b. Md. ca. 1802,
d. near Bloomington 24 Oct. 186926. Joseph Ambrose Beaky, b.
Emmitsburg, Md., 14 June 1818, d. on the Mississippi River (on the steamship
“Minnehaha”) 27 Jan. 1858, m. Philadelphia 1 June 184027. Mary Ann
Bangs, b. Philadelphia 15 June 1817, m. (2) Joachim Elder28. William
Gault Wear, b. Blount Co., Tenn., 11 Dec. 1817, m. Cooper Co.,Mo., 2 Nov.
183729. Sarah Amanda Yancey, b. Glasgow, Ky., ca. 181930.
John James Holliday, b. Pike Co., Mo. 23 July 1819, d. St. Louis 18 Sept.
1881, m. Monroe or Randolph Co., Mo., 9 May 184331. Lucretia Green
Force32. Timothy Bush, Jr., b. prob. Lebanon, Conn., 1 Apr.
1766, d. Rochester 4 May 1850, m. Penfield, N.Y., 26 July 179133. Lydia
Newcomb, b. 28 Apr. 1763, d. Penfield 14 Sept. 183534. Dr. Sanford
Smith, b. Stonington, Conn., 27 Feb. 1760, d. Scipio, N.Y. 15 June
181535. Priscilla Whipple, b. Cambridge, N.Y., ca. 1763, d.
Pottstown, Pa. 26 Aug. 183836. Samuel Prescott Phillips Fay, b.
Concord, Mass., 10 Jan. 1778, d. Concord 18 May 1856, m. Cambridge, Mass.
(intention), 31 July 180337. Harriet Howard, b. Boston 27 Mar. 1782,
d. Cambridge 27 July 184738. John Shellman Jr., b. Frederickstown,
Md., 5 May 1756, d. Savannah 17 April 1838, m. Savannah 19 June 179439.
Clarissa Montfort, d. 184540-41. (unknown)42.
(possibly) James Uncles, m. Franklin Co., Ohio, 26 Sept. 1816 or 27 Mar.
181743. (possibly) Betsey Kiswell44-47.
(unknown)48. Thomas Walker of Philadelphia and Burlington, N.J., d.
ca. 1798-1800, m. St. Andrew’s Church, Clifton, Bristol, England, 22 Feb.
178549. Catharine McLelland, m. (2) Robert Hodgson50.
John Mercer, m. Cecil Co., Md. (license), 11 Oct. 179351. Rebecca
Davis52. Joseph Beaky of Emmitsburg, Md.53. Catharine
Shriner, b. Pa.54. Elijah Keeler Bangs, b. Stratford, Conn., 4
June 1780, d. Philadelphia 13 Sept. 1856, m. Philadelphia 29 Oct. 180755.
Esther Stackhouse, b. Philadelphia 17 Oct. 1787, d. Philadelphia 27 Sept.
181956. James Hutchenson Weir, b. 30 Sept. 1789, d. Mo., Apr. 1832,
m. Knoxville, Tenn. 27 Oct. 181257. Elizabeth Gault58. David
Yancey of Barren Co., Ky., m. Albemarle Co., Va. 27 March 181559.
Mildred Field60. Joseph Holliday, b. Ky. ca. 1789-92, d.
Monroe Co., Mo., 1870, m. Bourbon Co., Ky. 18 March 181661. Nancy R.
McCune, b. Ky., d. Mo., 183462. Peter Force, m. Henry Co., Ky.,
18 May 181663. Eliza Dawson
32. Timothy Bush, Jr.: Timothy Bush & Deborah House John House
& Deborah Guild; Nathaniel House & Hannah Davenport; Jonathan Davenport
& Hannah Maynard; Thomas Davenport & Mary33. Lydia
Newcomb: Daniel Newcomb & Elizabeth May; Hezekiah May & Anna
Stillman; John May III & Prudence Bridge, George Stillman & Rebecca
Smith; John May, Jr., & Sarah Brewer, Philip Smith & Rebecca Foote;
Daniel Brewer & Joanna _____, Samuel Smith & Elizabeth Smith,
Nathaniel Foote & Elizabeth Robert Foote & Joan
Brooks.36. Samuel Prescott Phillips Fay: Jonathan Fay, Jr. &
Lucy Prescott; Jonathan Fay & Joanna Phillips, Abel Prescott & Abigail
Brigham; John Fay III & Hannah Child, Ebenezer Philips & Mary Smith,
Jonathan Prescott, Jr., & Rebecca Bulkeley; John Fay, Jr. & Elizabeth
Wellington, John Child, Jr., & Hannah French, Andrew Phillips, Jr., &
Sarah Smith, Peter Bulkeley & Rebecca Wheeler; Benjamin Wellington &
Elizabeth Sweetman, William French & Mary Lathrop, Edward 
Bulkeley & Lucian Roger Wellington & Mary Palgrave, Thomas Lathrop &
Sarah Learned, Rev. Peter Bulkeley (RD) & Jane Allen (RD);
Dr. Richard Palgrave (RD) & Anna ____ Rev John Lathrop &
Hannah House.37. Harriet Howard: Samuel Howard & Anna
Lillie; John Lillie & Abigail Breck; Theophilus Lillie & Hannah Ruck,
John Breck III & Margaret Thomas; John Ruck & Hannah Hutchinson, William
Thomas & Abigail Ruck; Elisha Hutchinson & Hannah Hawkins,
Nathaniel Thomas, Jr., & Deborah Jacob; Edward Hutchinson & Catherine
Hamby (RD), Nicholas Jacob & Mary Gilman; William Hutchinson &
Anne Marbury (RD), Edward Gilman & ____.54. Elijah Keeler
Bangs. Lemuel Bangs & Rebecca Keeler; Joseph Bangs & Thankful
Hamlin; Samuel Bangs & Mary Hinckley, Ebenezer Hamlin &Thankful Hamlin;
Jonathan Bangs & Mary Mayo, John Hamlin & Sarah Bearse (parents of
Ebenezer), Israel Hamlin & Abigail (parents of Thankful); Samuel Mayo &
Tamsin Lumpkin, James Hamlin & Ann _____ (parents of John &
Israel); Rev. John Mayo & Tamsin ____
1. The Bush ancestor table: NEXUS 3(1986):124-25, Bush data collected by Mrs.
Elaine Bush Prince and Walker data collected by Christopher T. Walker; B.M.
Newcomb, Andrew Newcomb, 1618-1686,and His Descendants (1923), Pp. 76-77
and earlier; Boston Transcript Genealogical Column 14 Feb. 1923, #471, 4
and 5 Nov. 1931, #2463, and 12 May 1932, #3679 (Bush, Smith, Whipple), and R.A.
Wheeler, History of the Town of Stonington, County of New London, Connecticut
(1900, reprint 1977), P. 574 and earlier; O. P. Fay, Fay Genealogy
(1808), PP. 21-23, 25, 38, 68, 103; E. L. Pierce, Major John Lillie,
1755-1801; The Lillie Family of Boston, 1663-1896, rev. ed. (1896), Pp.
81-94, 106-11; DAR Patriot Index, vol. 1(1967), P. 596, and Lineage
Book, NSDAR, vol. 116 (1930), pp. 54-55 (John Shellman, Jr.); Historical
Publishing Co., Franklin County at the Beginning of the Twentieth Century
(1901), P. 131, and W. A. Taylor, Centennial History of Columbus and
Franklin County, Ohio, vol. 2 (1909), PP. 197-99 (Robert E. Sheldon);
Marjorie Smith, Ohio Marriages Extracted From the Old Northwest Quarterly
(1980), P. 322 (1816 marriage of James Unckles/Uncles and Betsey Kiswell);
Mrs. H.D. Pittman and Mrs. R.K. Walker, Americans of Gentle Birth and Their
Ancestors, vol. 1 (1903, reprint 1970), pp. 312-24, 335 (Walker, Mercer,
Davis, Beaky, Bangs, Stackhouse, Wear, with various errors and particularly had
coverage, including erroneous Mayflower descents, of the New England
ancestry of Elijah Keeler Bangs); Capt. Jeremiah Baker Chapter, D.A.R., Cecil
County, Maryland Marriage Licenses, 1777-1840 (1974), P. 14 (1793 license of
John Mercer and Rebecca Davis); Dean Dudley, History and Genealogy of the
Bangs Family in America (1896), pp. 22-26, 36, 55, 87-91, 153-58, and S. W.
Phoenix, The Whitney Family of Connecticut and its Affiliations (1878),
vol. 1, pp. 239-40, 652, vol. 2, p. 1433, vol. 3, p. 2178 (Bangs, Beaky,
Walker); W.W.H. Davis, W.S. Ely, and J.W. Jordau. History of Bucks County,
Pennsylvania, 2nd ed., vol. 3 (1905, reprinted as A Genealogical and
Personal History of Bucks County, Pennsylvania, 1975), pp. 489-90
(Stackhouse); O.G. Edwards and I.W. Roberts, Descendants of East Tennessee
Pioneers [Wear] (1963), pp. 220, 226; A.M. Coppage III and O.F. Wulfeck,
Virginia Settlers in Missouri (1966), p. 99, #6011 (Yancy-Field-Wear
query), Rev. Edgar Woods, Albemarle County in Virginia (1932), pp. 357-58
(Yancey), and F.C. Pierce, Field Genealogy, vol. 2(1901), p. 1136 and
earlier; William Hyde and H. L. Conard, Encyclopedia of the History of St.
Louis, vol. 2 (1899) pp. 1038-40, Portrait and Biographical Record of
Lafayette and Saline Counties, Missouri (1893), pp. 418-19 (Holliday
biographies), and A.W. Burns, Record of Marriages, Bourbon County, Paris,
Kentucky (1931), p. 24 (Joseph Holliday and Nancy R. McCune) and Record
of Marriage Bonds in Henry County, Kentucky 1798 to 1851 (1932), p. 20
(Peter Force and Eliza Dawson); and Lineage Book, NSDAR, vol. 20 (1905),
p. 117 (Holliday, Force, Dawson). Much use was made also of the 1988
International Genealogical Index (IGI) and of various printed census
2. The T. Bush extension: D.L. Jacobus and E.F. Waterman, Hale, House, and
Related Families (1952, reprint 1978), pp. 426-27, 429-31 (House), and B.F.
Wilbour, Little Compton Families (rev. ed., 1974), Pp. 223-24
3. The L. Newcomb extension: J.F. May, Descendants of John May of Roxbury,
Mass., 1640 (2nd ed., 1978), pp. 2-4, 287; M.W. Ferris, Dawes-Gates
Ancestral Lines, vol. 1 (1943), pp. 414-18, 108-11 (May, Brewer); H.R.
Stiles, The History of Ancient Wethersfield, Connecticut, vol. 2,
Genealogies and Biographies (1904, reprint 1975), pp. 668-70 (Stillman);
J.W. Hook, Lieut. Samuel Smith, His Children and One Line of Descendants and
Related Families (1953), pp. 1-13, 18-21; The American Genealogist
(henceforth TAG) 56(1980):168 (Samuel and Elizabeth [Smith] Smith,
#s160-61) and 61(1985-86):177 (Foote, #11, plus sources cited therein).
4. The S.P.P. Fay extension: Henry Bond, Genealogies of the Families and
Descendants of the Early Settlers of Watertown, Massachusetts, 2nd ed.
(1860), pp. 627-28 (Wellington, Palgrave) and the Register 102
(1948):87-98, 312-13 (reprinted in English Origins of New England Families,
1st series :3:60-72); 1742 will of John Child of Waltham (Middlesex
Co., Mass. probate records, vol. 25, Pp. 218-22), Elias Child, Genealogy of
the Child, Childs, and Childe Families (1881), p. 507, and Rev. E.B.
Huntington, A Genealogical Memoir of the La-Lothrop Family (1884, reprint
1971), pp. 23-34, 38-40,45; A.M. Phillips, Phillips Genealogies (1885),
pp. 97-98 (which misinterprets Wyman), T.B. Wyman, The Genealogies and
Estates of Charlestown, Massachusetts, 1629- 1818 (1879, reprint 1982), pp.
746-7 (Andrew Phillips, Jr., and sons Ebenezer and Samuel), and TAG 53
(1977):70 (#142-43); D.L. Jacobus, The Bulkeley Genealogy (1933), pp.
92-113, 129-31, 151, 210, 44142 (to S.P.P. Fay).
5. The H. Howard extension: W.H. Whitmore, A Brief Genealogy of the
Descendants of William Hutchinson and Thomas Oliver (1865), pp. 6-10; Samuel
Breck, Genealogy of the Breck Family (1889), pp. 18-19; J.M. Raymond,
Thomas Families of Plymouth County, Massachusetts, 1st ed. (1980), pp.
249-50; George Lincoln, History of the Town of Hingham, Massachusetts, vol.
2, Genealogical (1893, reprint, vols. 2 and 3, 1982), pp. 371-72
(Jacob); TAG 1(1934-35):137-38, 193-94, and W.G. Davis, The Ancestry
of Abel Lunt (1963), pp. 153-60 (Gilman).
6. The E.K. Bangs extension: E. Jean Mayo, Rev. John Mayo and His
Descendants, 2nd ed. (1965), 2-3, 70-73 esp.; H.F. Andrews, History of
the Hamlin Family, Part One (1894), pp. 43-53, 63-66, 68-60, 83-85, 116.
7. The royal descents: F.L. Weis and W.L. Sheppard, Jr., Ancestral Roots
of 60 Colonists Who Came to New England Between 1623 and 1650, 6th ed.
(1988), lines 14 (Mrs. A.M. Hutchinson), 15 (Palgrave) and 31 (Rev. Peter
Bulkeley), the Register141 (1987):95-97, 100-101 (the Bulkeleys and
Hutchinsons), and sources cited in both. For Sancha de Ayala and her
presidential descendants, see National Genealogical Society Quarterly
51(1963):235-38 (which covers her kinship to Ferdinand of Aragon and lines
to Mrs. Carter, Mrs. A.M. Hutchinson, and Mrs. Lewis); TAG 51(1975):
167-71 (Washington descents from John Sutton, 1st Baron Dudley, and Richard
Blount, #s 1064 and 526, a grandson and great-grandson respectively of Sancha);
C. P. Keith, The Ancestry of Benjamin Harrison (1893); The
Genealogist (New York) 5(1984):158-71 (Robert Abell), H.A. and L.P. Abell,
The Abell  Family in America (1940), pp. 4146, 49-52,
58, and Eben Putnam, New England Ancestry of Grover Cleveland (1892);
TAG 44(1968):129-37 (the conjectural patrilineal descent of Governor
Thomas Dudley), and H.H. McLean, Genealogy of the Herbert Hoover Family
(1967); A.P. Johnson, Franklin D. Roosevelt’s Colonial Ancestors
(1933); and TAG 61(1985-86):173-74 (Ford), and sources cited
8. The kinships to 10 earlier presidents: For the ancestry of Pierce, Grant,
Hayes, Taft and Coolidge, see ancestor tables or lists in TAG, vols.
55(1979), 51(1975), 56(1980), 22(1945-46) and 53(1977) respectively. For the
ancestry of F.D. Roosevelt and Nixon, see the A.P. Johnson, op. cit.,
immediately above, and R.M. Bell, The Ancestry of Richard Milhous Nixon
(1972, revised 1976). For the Gilman ancestry of Lincoln and Ford, see
TAG 11 and The Ancestry of Abel Lunt as above (#5), J.H. Lea and
J.R. Hutchinson, The Ancestry of Abraham Lincoln (1909), 1950 Edward
Gilman and 1889 William White of Haverhill genealogies, S.E. Titcomb, Early
New England People [Titcomb, etc.] (1882), pp. 282-84 (Ayer), and
TAG; 53 (1077):56-57 (Ayer to Gerald Ford). For Cleveland’s Samuel Smith
descents see M.L. Holman, Ancestry of John Harrington Stevens and his Wife
Frances Helen Miller, vol. 1 (1948), PP. 367-75, 358 (Smith, Graves, Ball),
Mrs. Edward Hitchcock, The Genealogy of The Hitchcock Family (1894), pp.
212-13, 219, 234-35, and R.S. and R.L. Greenlee, The Stebbins Genealogy,
2 vols. (1904), pp. 98-99, 154-56, 198-99, 285-86, 448-49, 715-16.
According to Christopher T. Walker, several cousins of the new president
have traced additional ancestry of Mrs. Flora Sheldon Bush, including various
New York Dutch lines derived through the Butlers. This new material will be
incorporated into Ancestors of American Presidents, a forthcoming book by