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  • Notes on the Manuscript Collection: Kenneth E. Creed Papers

    John B. Carney

    Published Date : June 1987

    Mss. 110   7 feet

    The Kenneth E. Creed Papers, 1881-1985, are primarily concerned with the Creed and allied families, 1294-1985. While there is considerable emphasis on New England ancestors (Blake, Eaton, Whitney), almost one-half of the collection pertains to Mrs. Creed’s Nyce, Van Etten, and Westbrook lines of New York and Pennsylvania. The collection includes numerous genealogies, charts, documents, family letters, genealogical cor-.-respondence, and photographs.

    By 1971 Creed had become a certified professional genealogist. His papers also contain material on the Buland, Fix, Hawkes, Munroe, and Stambaugh families researched professionally for7 clients.


    Following Mr. Creed’s death in 1985, his widow transferred the material to the Society on 31 March 1985, in accordance with his instructions.

    The material has been divided into five subgroups.  Sub-group I, General, contains entry cards for Creed and allied families, Series A alphabetically, and Series B by generations 2-13.  Sub-group II concerns the Creed Family; Series A - Kenneth E. Creed, “Genealogy of the William Creed and Associated Families,” 1981; Series B, Research, 1607-1983; Series C, Descent, documenting eight Creed generations.  Sub-group III contains data on allied families and others researched for clients.  Sub-group LV contains graphics concerning people and places occurring in the collection, ca. 1860-1985; Series A concerns people; Series B concerns places. Sub-group V contains computer disks and programs (TRS-80) of genealogies, lists, addresses, etc.


    Spec. Col. 11-C-7 16 linear feet.

    The Cushman Collection contains material which reflects virtually all aspects of the extraordinarily busy life of Henry Wyles Cushman (1805-1863).  The collection includes personal, business, and political correspondence; diaries; deeds, wills, leases, contracts, estate inventories, court orders, case files, and many other legal documents; financial accounts; lectures, addresses, reports, and other writings; historical and genealogical materials; and miscellaneous scrapbooks, certificates, and plans.

    Cushman was a lifetime resident of Bernardston, Massachusetts, but his interests were statewide.  He established himself on the 140-acre Cushman Farm at Bernardston, following his marriage to Maria Louisa Dickman in 1828, and began his career as businessman, politician, civic leader, and philanthropist. Most of his business interests were in the neighborhood of his home, and involved stores, banks, insurance companies, and railroads. Income from these activities was supplemented by administering estates, loaning money by mortgages on goods or property, and operation of his own farm.

    His political career began at the state level when he was elected to the Massachusetts House of Representatives in 1837, an office to which he was reelected four times.  He was state senator from 1844 to 1846, and in 1851-52 he became the state’s Lieutenant Governor.  At the local level he held a wide variety of offices between 1831 and 1863.  His deep interest in education led to trusteeships in several local schools and academies, and membership in Harvard University’s Board of Overseers.  His lifelong interest in local history and genealogy resulted in the publication of historical sketches in county newspapers, preparation of a study of Shays’ Rebellion, and the collection of notes, original documents, and other materials which eventually became the basis of Lucy C. Kellogg’s 1902 history of Bernardston. In 1855 he published a Cushman genealogy.

    As a final philanthropic service to Bemardston, he funded and oversaw the construction of a public library in 1862-63.

    Papers in the collection have been divided into six sub-groups and, in general, grouped by type or subject into chronologically arranged series within each sub-group.  The exceptions to this system are noted in detail in the inventory.  Sub-group I contains private papers, 1823-1867 (2 linear feet).  Subgroup II contains occupational papers, ca. 1810-1863 (6 linear feet).  Sub-group III covers philanthropic concerns, 1826-1866 (2 linear feet).  Sub-group IV concerns Bernardston history/genealogy, 1679-1863 (1 linear foot). Sub-group V contains Cushman family papers, 1795-1826 (2 linear inches). Sub-group VI concerns the Cushman genealogy, 1843-1863 (5 linear feet).

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