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  • Notable Kin - Nineteenth-Century Heroines, Part One: Literature and Feminism

    Gary Boyd Roberts

    Among the various “article series” into which past “Notable Kin” columns readily divide, only two New England in Hollywood and American Connections of the British Royal Family, the latter centered around The Queen Mother, The Princess of Wales and The Duchess of York have featured nearly as many women as men.  The columns on New England signers of the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution, and on New England-derived presidential royal descents and President Bush, featured men exclusively and by necessity - there were no female signers and no women among the 40 presidents to date.  The columns on foreign prime ministers and presidents covered the ancestry of Mrs. John George Diefenbaker, the Countess of Avon (Lady Anthony Eden), Mrs. Georges E.B. Clemenceau, and Mrs. Tomas C. Masaiyk in some detail, but only because their husbands attained high office.  The columns on the royal descents of tycoon families also covered various wives, but only Hetty Green in her own right. The only woman among 15 treated figures in “The flowering of New England” was Harriet Beecher Stowe.  Texans, folkloric figures and “Molders and Mythologizers of the American West” included, among women, Mercy Lavinia Warren Bump (Mrs. Tom Thumb), Lizzie Borden, and Laura Ingalls Wilder, with nods to Mrs. Richard King, matriarch of the King Ranch, and Georgia O’Keeffe, and a whole column on Pocahontas, among whose noted descendants was First Lady Edith Boiling Gait Wilson.  “New England in Hollywood,” by contrast, featured Bette Davis, Jane Fonda, Lillian Gish, Katharine Hepburn, Agatha Christie, and Marilyn Monroe.

    This column, and its successor, are designed not only to redress the imbalance betwen men and women covered in “Notable Kin” - comments about interesting descendants or near relatives of major figures, and about the ancestry of their wives, plus the preponderance of treated descents derived through mothers, grand mothers, great-grand mothers, etc. (all ancestry, in fact, except the patrilineal descent) make clear the centrality of female-derived kinships to genealogical structure.  My aim is also to explore the ancestry of some of the most distinguished women in American history.  In examining the lists of 500 Notable Americans compiled by Richard B. Morris and Henry Steele Commager as a section of their Encyclopedia of American History, and the biographies and classified lists in Notable American Women one notices immediately, among the longest sketches especially, the preponderance of New England (and Yankee-derived New York City and state), of the nineteenth century, and of social reform.  After the nation was settled (in the colonial period), became independent (via the Revolution), and grew prosperous (via mercantile federalism, some early industralization, and to some extent the full development of plantation life in the South), its women participated not only in pioneer westward expansion. They also sought civic and voting rights, plus higher education and full development of literary and artistic talent for themselves, and the alleviation of suffering  by the sick, the mentally ill, and the families of alcoholics especially.  Women also participated in the abolition and peace movements, the expansion of religion and missionary work, and the development of new sects and orders.  They founded kindergartens (and to some extent children’s and adolescent literature), women’s clubs, charitable organizations and the tradition of volunteerism in American life.  Some entered professions or paved the way for the professionalization of nursing, social work and home economics.  Some administered the colleges they founded.  Many less well known women, schoolteachers and family matriarchs especially, tried to bring “culture” to the frontier West.  In the nineteenth century, in short, women became the “conscience of America.” Much of the legacy of these early writers, feminists, social reformers, educators, religious founders and clubwomen is now being reevaluated, and its value for contemporary life reexamined, but the nineteenth century achievement in its own time and terms was a remarkable flowering.

    This column treats literary figures L.ouisa May Alcott, Emily Elizabeth Dickinson, (Sarah) Margaret Fuller (Marchesa d’Ossoli by marriage), and the Peabody sisters, plus feminists Susan Brownell Anthony, (Mrs.) Lucretia Coffin Molt, and (Mrs.) Elizabeth Cady Stanton. Alcott, together with Horatio Alger, can almost be said to have founded adolescent fiction; Dickinson is one of the great lyric poets in English literature, only very marginally connected, via correspondent Thomas Wentworth Higginson, to Boston’s “Flowering of New England”; transcendentalist and literary critic Margaret Fuller also wrote Woman in The Nineteenth Century and participated in liberal Italian politics (and nursing); and Elizabeth Peabody Palmer, transcendentalist publisher and book dealer, founded the first American kindergarten in 1860.  Elizabeth’s sister, Mary Tyler Peabody, married the educator Horace Mann, wrote a three-volume biography of him, and after his death assisted her sister in leading the kindergarten movement.  Sophia Amelia Peabody, the third sister, married the novelist Nathaniel Hawthorne, Jr., illustrated some of his early [155] work, and edited his notebooks.  Anthony, Mrs. Molt and Mrs. Stanton are perhaps the three greatest figures in pro-contemporary American feminism. Mrs. Molt (a Quaker preacher) and Mrs. Stanton organized the 1848 Women’s Rights convention in Seneca Falls, New York; Anthony and Mrs. Stanton were closely associated after 1851, served as presidents of the National (and National American) Woman Suffrage Association, and co-authored the four-volume History of Woman Suffrage.  In the next “Notable Kin” column we shall consider the ancestry of humanitarian and asylum reformer Dorothea Lynde Dix, temperance leader Frances Elizabeth Caroline Willard, Red Cross founder Clara Barton, Christian Science founder Mary Baker Eddy, educators Emma Hart Willard and Mary Lyon, and feminist and clubwoman Julia Ward Howe, author of “Battle Hymn of the Republic.”

    Born between 1793 and 1832 (average year 1813), the nine figures treated below were natives respectively of Germantown, Pennsylvania (Alcott, later associated with Boston and Concord, Massachusetts); Amherst, Cambridgeport, Billerica (E.P. Peabody), Cambridge (Mrs. Mann), Salem (Mrs. Hawthorne), and Adams, Massachusetts (Anthony, later a resident of New York City, Washington, D.C., and Rochester, New York); Johnstown, New York (Mrs. Stanton, whose paternal grandparents were natives respectively of Lyme and Kent, Connecticut); and Nantucket. Alcott’s father was noted transcendentalist and educator Amos Bronson Alcott; Dickinson’s father and paternal grandfather, both treasurers of Amherst College, were graduates of Yale and Dartmouth respectively; Fuller’s father (a congressman), paternal grandfather, a great-grandfather (Abraham Williams, Jr.) and a great-great-great-grandfather (Robert Breck) were graduates of Harvard; and the Peabody sisters, whose father was a Dartmouth graduate (married to the daughter and granddaughter of Harvard graduates), were great-granddaughters of revolutionary general Joseph Palmer.

    As to descendants and major figures among near kinsmen of these women, Alcott was a second cousin once, twice and three times removed, respectively, of wives of William Collins Whitney, the financier, sportsman, and Secretary of the Navy, John Barrymore, the actor, and Edwin Frank “Eddy” Duchin, and a third cousin of astronomer and aeronautics pioneer Samuel Pierpont Langley, also a secretary of the Smithsonian.  Great-nephews of Margaret Fuller included world systems engineer R(ichard) Buckminster Fuller, Jr., designer of the geodesic dome, and novelist John Phillips Marquand.  A third cousin of Margaret, George Williams Gates, who migrated from Lunenburgh, Vermont to Independence, Missouri, was a great-grandfather of First Lady Bess Truman.  Abigail Adams Cranch, a second cousin once removed of the Peabody sisters, married William Greenleaf Eliot, founder of Washington University in St. Louis; the poet Thomas Stearns (T.S.) Eliot, their grandson, was thus a fourth cousin of author Julian Hawthorne and Mrs. Rose Hawthorne Lathrop, “Mother Alphonsa.”  Another second cousin once removed of the Peabody sisters was Salem fortune founder and Peabody-Endicott-Gardnor sire Joseph Peabody.  Mrs. Mott, whose grandchildren included geographer and geologist William Morris Davis and the wife of wool merchant and abolitionist Richard Price Hallowell, both DAB entrants, was a second cousin of British admiral and loyalist Sir Isaac Coffin and a second cousin once removed of Susan Amory, wife of the historian William Hickling Prescott. Among Mrs. Stanton’s numerous Livingston kin, easily the single leading family of colonial New York, the diplomat Robert R. Livingston, Jr., Secretary of State Edward Livingston, and Mrs. Alexander Hamilton were all second cousins once removed, Mrs. William Backhouse Astor (ancestress of both later American and British Astors) was a third cousin, and third cousins once removed included Arctic explorer Elish Kent Kane and wives of U.S. House Speaker Robert Charles Winthrop and Columbia president Nicholas Murray Butler.  A daughter and granddaughter of Mrs. Stanton were social reformer Mrs. Harriot Eaton Stanton Blatch and civil engineer, architect, and suffragette Mrs. Nora Stanton Blatch Barney, the latter of whom married first Lee DeForest, the radio engineer and inventor.

    Louisa May Alcott was of royal descent via Mrs. Alice Freeman Thompson Parke, also an ancestress of The Princess of Wales and her sons; via Cardners, Brewers or Sewalls was a kinswoman of the two Presdents Adams, Pierce, probably Hayes, Cleveland, Ford and Bush; shared Bronson forebears with Emily Dickinson, a sixth cousin once removed; through Quincys and Wendells was a third cousin both once and twice removed of the poet Oliver Wendell Holmes; was a great-great-great-granddaughter of Judge Samuel Sewall, the diarist, and a descendant, like Holmes, of colonial magistrate Daniel Gookin, New York City mayor Thomas Willett, and of a sister of Harvard president Leonard Hoar; and was descended matrilineally from the now-famous Anneke Jans (van Flekkeroy), wife of Roelof Janszen van Marstrand and Dominic Everardus Bogardus.  Anneke’s descendants later claimed that her dower rights included much of the area around Trinity Church and Wall Street in Manhattan.  One of Anneke’s daughters Catharina Roelofs, married Jan Pieters van Brugh and figures in the matrilineal lines of both Alcott and Peter Gansevoort, Melville’s maternal grand father.  Thus the authors of Moby Dick and Little Women were fifth cousins once removed.

    Emily Elizabeth Dickinson, via Adamses, Squires, Robert White and Bridget Allgar, Samuel Smith of South Hadley, Morses and Days, was related to at least 11 American presidents - the two Adamses, Fillmore, Grant, Hayes, Cleveland, Taft, Coolidge, Nixon, Ford and Bush. Dickinson shares descent from Robert Blott with The Princess of Wales and her sons, Bronson forebears with Louisa May Alcott, and descent from William Ward of Sudbury with Margaret Fuller and Susan B. Anthony, both sixth cousins. Sarah Margaret Fuller, Marchesa d’Ossoli, had no royal or Mayflower descent, no kinship to The Princes of Wales, no ancestor shared with two or more presidents, and no Salem “witch” connection. As just [156] noted, however, she was a sixth cousin of both Dickinson and Anthony via Wards of Sudbury; and among ancestors shared with a single president, Francis and Philippa (Sewell) Wainwright were forebears of Pierce (and of John Lothrop Motley), and John and Susanna (___) Breck, of Bush.

    The Peabody sisters, like the two Presidents and Henry and Brooks Adams, the poets Bryant and Longfellow, Orson Welles and (possibly) Marilyn Monroe, E.H. Childers and Mrs. Tomas C. Masaryk, and A.H. “Shanghai” Pierce, were descendants of John Alden and Priscilla Mullins of the Mayflower.  The sisters were descended also from a sister of Salem “wizard” John Proctor, Jr., and very probably from “witch” (Mrs.) Susanna (North) Martin.  Their presidential cousins, via only Aldens, Basses, Cheneys, Hunts, Whipples, and Hadley, include the two Adamses, Arthur, Taft, Coolidge and FDR.  Through the Potters of Salem Sophia Amelia Peabody and the novelist Nathaniel Hawthorne, Jr., her husband, were fourth cousins once removed.  Via the Whipples, also ancestors of Hawthorne, the Peabodys and Susan B. Anthony were sixth cousins. Susan Brownell Anthony was of royal descent through Acting Governor Jeremiah Clarke of Rhode Island and Thomas Trowbridge of Connecticut; shares John and Constant (Mitchell) Fobes with The Princess of Wales and her sons; was a sixth cousin of Dickinson, Fuller, and the Peabody sisters, as already noted; and via Richard sons, Shermans, James Davis and Cecily Thayer, Millards, Carpenters, Whipples, Mitchells and Trowbridges is related to Presidents Fillmore, Pierce, Hayes, Garfield, Taft, Coolidge, Hoover, FDR, Ford and Bush.  Distant kinsmen via the Shermans, as noted in earlier colunms, also include A.P. Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery, Sir Winston Churchill, the Countess of Avon (Lady Anthony Eden) and Sir Robert Laird Borden among British or Canadian prime ministers or their wives, Harriet Beecher Stowe, James Russell Lowell, and possibly Marilyn Monroe. Mrs. Lucretia Coffin Mott, whose highly inbred Nantucket ancestry is covered in NEXUS 3(1986):26-27, was four times descended from Nantucket “urfather” Tristram Coffin, an ancestor of Ford and brother of an ancestor of Coolidge.  Another forebear was Governor Thomas Mayhew of Martha’s Vineyard, ancestor also of “Wild Bill” Hickok, “Mrs. Tom Thumb,” Sir Charles Tupper, 1st Bt., President Bush, and possibly Marilyn Monroe. Lastly, Mrs. Elizabeth Smith Cady Stanton was of royal descent through the younger (or “the nephew”) Robert Livingston of New York and Oliver Mainwaring of Connecticut; was a fourth cousin of Herman Melville through the Ten Broecks; and via Livingstons, Lords, Schuyhers, and Cornelis Maessen [Van Buren, maternal ancestor of the Ten Broecks and Melville] is a kinswoman of Presidents Van Buren, Theodore Roosevelt, Hoover, Ford, and Bush.

    Outlined below, in the customary format for this column, is the known ancestry of these nine “nineteenth-century heroines” for five generations (parents, grandparents and great- and great-great-grandparents, following the figure and her birth and death years, with semi-colons separating generations and commas separating couples of the same generalion from the figure), with extensions to earlier generations to include all ancestors mentioned above.  As before, “RD" indicates an ancestor of royal descent, “MP” a Mayflower passenger, “PW” an ancestor shared with The Princess of Wales, “TP” an ancestor of two or three presidents (as charted in Ancestors of American Presidents [19891) and “FP” an ancestor of four or five presidents.

    1. LOUISA MAY ALCOTT, 1832-1888; Amos Bronson Alcott & Abigail May; Joseph Chatfield Alcox & Anna Branson, Joseph May & Dorothy Sewall; John Alcox (III) & Mary Chatfield, Amos Bronson & Anna Blakeslee, Samuel May & Abigail Williams, Samuel Sewall & Elizabeth Quincy; John Alcox, Jr. & Deborah Blakeslee, Solomon Chatfield & Hannah Pierson, John Bronson, Jr. & Comfort Baldwin, Jacob Blakeslee & Elizabeth Barnes, Ebenezer May & Abigail Gore, Joseph Willams, Jr., & Martha Howell, Joseph Sewall & Elizabeth Wallay, Edmund Quincy (IV) & Elizabeth Wendell; John Bronson & Mary Hickok, John May (III) & Prudence Bridge, John Gore & Sarah Gardner, Joseph Williams & Abigail Davis, Judge Samuel Sewall & Hannah Hull, Edmund Quincy (III) (grandson of Daniel Gookin) & Dorothy Flint (granddaughter of Thomas Willett, great-niece of Leonard Boar), Abraham Wendell & Katrina DeKay; Isaac Bronson & Mary Root, John May, Jr. & Sarah Brewer, Peter Gardner & Rebecca Crooke, Stephen Williams & Sarah Wise, Henry Sewall, Jr. (TP) & Jane Dummer (TP), Johannes Wendell & Elizabeth Staets, Theunis DeKay & Helena van Brugh; John Bronson & Frances Hills, Daniel Brewer (TP) & Joanna ___ (TP), Thomas Gardner (TP) & ___ (TP), Joseph Wise & Mary Thompson, Jan Pieters van Brugh & Catharina Roelofs (parents of Catharine Annetje van Brugh, wife of Hendrick van Rensselaer and great-great-great-grandmother of Herman Melville); John Thornpson (PW) & Alice Freeman (PW, RD), Roelof Janszen van Marstrand & Anneke Jans van Flekkeroy.

    2. EMILY ELIZABETH DiCKINSON, 1830-1886; Edward Dickinson & Emily Norcross; Samuel Fowler Dickinson & Lucretia Gunn, Joel Norcross & Betsey Fay; Nathan Dickinson, Jr. & Esther Fowler, Nathaniel Gunn (III) & Hannah Montague, William Norcross, Jr. & Sarah Marsh, Jude Fay & Sally Fairbanks; Nathan Dickinson & Thankful Warner, Nathaniel Gunn, Jr. & Dorothy Marsh, Richard Montague & Lucy Cooley, William Norcross & Lydia Wheeler, Seth Marsh & Rachel Ellis, Ebenezer Fay & Thankful Hyde, Eleazer Fairbanks (III) & Prudence Cary; Nathaniel Gunn & Esther Belden, Samuel Montague & Elizabeth White, Simon Cooley & Elizabeth Gunn, Joseph Marsh, Jr. & Sarah Partridge, Samuel Ellis, Jr. & Sarah Adams, Samuel Fay & Tabitha Ward, Eleazer Fairbanks, Jr. & Martha Bullard; Samuel Gunn & Elizabeth Wyatt (parents of Nathaniel & Elizabeth), John Montague & Hannah Smith, Nathaniel White, Jr. & Elizabeth Savage, Nathaniel Partridge & Lydia Wight, Henry Adams (III) & Prudence Frary, Increase Ward & Record Wheelock, Eleazer Fairbanks & Martha Lovett; Nathaniel Gunn & Sarah Day, John Wyatt & Mary Bronson, Chileab Smith & Hannah Hitchcock, Nathaniel White & Elizabeth , Ephraim Wight & Lydia Morse, Henry Adams, Jr. & Elizabeth Paine, William Ward & Elizabeth ___, Daniel Lovett & Joanna Blott; Robert Day (VP) & Editha Stebbins (TP), John Bronson,: & Frances Hills, Samuel Smith (TP) & Elizabeth Smith, (TP), John White & Mary (Leavitt?), Daniel Morse & Lydia Fisher, [157] Henry Adams (VP) & Edith Squire (VP), Robert Blott (PW) & ___ (PW); Robert White (FP) & Bridget Allgar (FP), Samuel Morse (TP) & Elizabeth Jasper (TP), Henry Squire (FP) & ___ (FP); Thomas Morse (TP) & Margaret King (TP); Thomas Morse (FP) & Agnes ___ (FP).

    3. (SARAH) MARGARET FULLER, Marchesa d'Ossoli, 1810-1850; Timothy Fuller, Jr. & Margaret Crane; Timothy Fuller & Sarah Williams, Peter Crane & Elizabeth Jones; Jacob Fuller, Jr. & Abigail Houlton, Abraham Williams, Jr. & Anne Buckminster, Henry Crane & Abigail Lyon, (prob.) Ephraim Jones & Eleanor Andrews; Jacob Fuller & Mary Bacon, Henry Houlton & Abigail Flint, Abraham Williams & Elizabeth Breck, Joseph Buckminster (III) & Sarah Lawson, William Crane & Abigail Puffer, Peter Lyon (III) & Waitstill Wyatt, Timothy Jones & Elizabeth Eames, Samuel Andrews, Jr. & Mehitable Trott; Wilham Williams & Elizabeth Larkin, Robert Breck & Elizabeth Wainwright; Abraham Williams & Joanna Ward, John Breck & Susanna ___, Simon Wainwright & Sarah Gilbert; William Ward & ___, Francis Wainwright & Philippa Sewell.

    4-6. ELIZABETH PALMER PEABODY, 1804-1894, (Mrs.) MARY TYLER PEABODY MANN (Mrs. Horace Mann), 1806-1887, and (Mrs.) SOPHIA AMELIA PEABODY HAWTHORNE (Mrs. Nathaniel Hawthorne, Jr.), 1809-1871: Nathaniel Peabody & Elizabeth Palmer; Isaac Peabody & Mary Potter, Joseph Pearse Palmer & Elizabeth Hunt; Matthew Peabody & Sarah Dorman, Ezekiel Potter & Mary Cummings, General Joseph Palmer & Mary Cranch, John Hunt & Ruth Fessenden; Isaac Peabody & Sarah Estes, Seth Dorman & Sarah Thayer, Thomas Potter & Susanna Hadlay, Isaac Cummings (IV) & Abigail Boardman, John Palmer & Joan Pearse, John Cranch & Elizabeth Pearse (sister of Joan), Samuel Hunt & Mary Langdon, William Fessenden & Martha Wyeth; Ephraim Thayer & Sarah Bass, Samuel Potter & Joanna Wood, (prob.) Samuel Hadley & Jane Martin (but poss. John Hadley & Susanna Pettis), Thomas Hunt & Judith Torrey, Nicholas Fessenden & Margaret Cheney; John Bass & Ruth Alden, Anthony Potter & Elizabeth Whipple, George Hadlay & Mary Proctor (sister of “wizard” John Proctor, Jr.), (prob.) George Martin & Susanna North ("witch" Susanna Martin), Ephraim Hunt & Anna Richards, Thomas Cheney & Jane Atkinson; Samuel Bass (TP) & Anne Saveil or Savil (TP), John Alden (MP, TP) & Priscilla Mullins (MP, TP), John Whipple & Susanna ___, Enoch Hunt (TP) & ___ (TP), William Cheney (TP) & Margaret ___ (TP); Matthew Whipple (TP) & Joan ___ (TP).

    7.    SUSAN BROWNELL ANTHONY, 1820-1906: Daniel Anthony & Lucy Read; Humphrey Anthony & Hannah Lapham, Daniel Read & Susanna Richardson; David Anthony & Judith Hicks, Joshua Lapham  & Hannah Sherman, Joshua Read & Elizabeth Barney, Jonathan Richardson & Mary Woodward; William Anthony, Jr. & Alice Eddy, Thomas Hicks (III) & Judith Akin, John Lapham, Jr. & Mary Russell, David Sherman & Abigail Hathaway, Joseph Read & Hannah Titus, Daniel Barney & Alice Wheaton, David Richardson & Remember Ward, Ebenezer Woodward & Mindwell Stone; Thomas Hicks, Jr. & Anne Clarke, Joseph Russell & Elizabeth Fobes, Edmund Sherman & Dorcas Hicks, John Titus (III) & Hannah , Joseph Barney & Constance Davis, Samuel Richardson, Jr. & Sarah Hayward, Jonathan Ward & Abigail Hall, Ebenezer Stone & Margaret Trowbridge; Weston Clarke & Mary Easton, John Fobes (PW) & Constant Mitchell (PW), Philip Sherman & Sarah Odding, John Titus, Jr. & Sarah Millard, James Davis, Jr. & Elizabeth Eaton, Samuel Richardson & Joanna Thake, John Ward & Hannah Jackson, Simon Stone, Jr. & Mary Whipple, James Trowbridge & Margaret Atherton; Acting Gov. Jeremiah Clarke of RI. (RU) & Frances Latham, Thomas Mitchell (PW, TP) & Margaret Willians (PW, TP), Samuel Sherman & Philippa (Ward?), John Titus & Abigail Carpenter, John Millard (TP) & Elizabeth ___, James Davis (TP) & Cecily Thayer (TP), Thomas Richardson (TP) & Katherine Duxford (TP), William Ward & ___, John Whipple & Susanna ___ above (see #4-6), Thomas Trowbridge (RD) & Elizabeth Marshall; Henry Sherman (TP) & Susan Lawrence (TP), William Carpenter (TP) & Abigail ___ (TP); Henry Sherman (TP) & Agnes (Butter?) (TP).

    8.    (Mrs.) LUCRETIA COFFIN MOTT, 1793-1880: Thomas Coffin & Anna Folger; Benjamin Coffin & Deborah Macy, William Folger & Ruth Coffin; Nathaniel Coffin & Damaris Gayer (parents of Benjamin), Thomas Macy & Deborah Coffin, Abishai Folger & Sarah Mayhew, Richard Coffin & Ruth Bunker (parents of Ruth); James Coffin & Mary Severance (parents of Nathaniel, John [husband of Hope Gardner] and Elizabeth), William Gayer & Dorcas Starbuck, John Mary & Deborah Gardner, John Coffin & Deborah Austin (parents of Deborah), Nathan Folger & Sarah Church, Paine Mayhew & Mary Rankin, John Coffin & Hope Gardner (parents of Richard), Jonathan Bunker & Elizabeth Coffin; Tristram Coffin & Dionis Stevens (parents of James and John [husband of Deborah Austin]), Matthew Mayhew & Mary Skiffe; Peter Coffin (TP) & Joan Kember (TP), Thomas Mayhew, Jr., & Jane Paine; Governor Thomas Mayhew & ___.

    9.    (Mrs.) ELIZABETH SMITH (CADY) STANTON, 1815-1902: Daniel Cady & Margaret Chinn Livingston; Eleazer Cady & Tryphena Beebe, James Livingston & Elizabeth Simpson; Ebenezer Cady & Prudence Palmer, John Beebe & Ruth Pratt, John Livingston & Catharina Ten Broeck; John Cady & Elizabeth Green, Jonathan Palmer & Mercy Mainwaring, Benjamin Beebe & Hannah (Wheeler?), Joseph Pratt & Sarah Collier, Robert Livingston the younger (RD) & Margaretta Schuyler, Dirck Ten Broeck & Margarita Cuyler; Nehemiah Palmer & Hannah Stanton, Oliver Mainwaring (RD) & Hannah Raymond, Pieter Schuyler & Engeltje Van Schaick, Wessel Ten Broeck & Cattryna Loockermans (parents of Anna Catharina Ten Broeck, wife of Anthony Van Schaick and great-great-grandmother of Herman Melville); Thomas Stanton & Anne Lord, Philip Pieterse Schuyler & Margareta van Slichtenhorst, Dirck Wesselse Ten Broeck & Christyna Van Buren; Thomas Lord (TP) & Dorothy Bird (TP), Pieter Tjercks (TP) & Geertruyt Philips van Schuylder (TP), Cornelis Maessen [Van Buren] & Catalyntje Martense.

    SOURCES:

    1. Alcott: D.L. Jacobus, Families of Ancient New Haven, (1922-32, reprint 1974), pp. 12-13, 213-15, 226-27 (Alcott, Blakeslee), Rev. Samuel Orcutt, History of the Town of Wolcott (Connecticut) from 1731 to 1874 (1874), pp. 425-28, 430-31, 434 (Alcott) and The History of the Old Town of Derby, [158] Connecticut, 1642-1880 (1880), PP. 709, 751-52 (Chatfield, Pierson); TAG 38(1962):193-204 and Joseph Anderson, The Town and City of Waterbury, Connecticut (1896), pp. 23, 25, 26 Ap (Bronson); CC. Baldwin, The Baldwin Genealogy (1881), p. 767 and Supplement (1889), pp. 1279-80; J.F. May, Descendants of John May of Roxbury, Mass., 1640, 2nd ad. (1978), pp. 1-4, 7, 10-11, 19-20, 38-40 (and for kinsmen 14-15, 28, 55-56, 58, 95-96, 98-99) and MW. Ferris, Dawes-Gates Ancestral Lines, vol. 1 (1943), passim (for the entire known ancestry of Samuel May, husband of Abigail Williams, especially Brewer and Gardner lines, pp. 108-11, 308-13); F.L. Weis, “Robert Williams of Roxbury, Massachusetts, and Some of His Descendants” (typescript, 1945), pp. 5-15, 21-23, 53-54, 128-40, 316- 17 and TAG 56 (1980):80-82 (Wise); M. Halsey Thomas, ad., The Diary of Samuel Sewall, vol. 2, 1709-1729 (1973), genealogical appendix, pp. 1071-78, 1087-95 (Sewall, Hull, Quincy, Dummer); S.C. Paine and C.H. Pope, Paine Ancestry: The Family of Robert Treat Paine, Signer of the Declaration of Independence, Including Maternal Lines (1912), pp. 161- 76 (Quincy, Gookin, Hint, Hoar, Willett, Brown); J.R. Stanwood, The Direct Ancestry of tlte Late Jacob Wendell of Portsmouth, New Hampshire (1882), pp. 18-25, NYGBR 66(1935): 2-11, 166-71 (Van Brugh), 104(1973):65-72, 157-64 (Anneke Jans).

    2.    Dickinson Elinor V. Smith, Descendants of Nathaniel Dickinson (1978), pp. 4-7, 187-88, 190-91, 194-95, 206-7, 225, and James Avery Smith, Families of Amherst, Massachusetts (1984), pp. 198-99, 204-5, 223, 243; J.M. Smith, History of Sunderland, Massachusetts (1899), pp. 382-84, 386 (Gunn), 443-44 (Marsh), DL. Jacobus and E.F. Waterman, Hale-House and Related Families (1952, reprint 1978), pp. 509-12 (Day) and TAG 38(1962):193-204 (Bronson); G.W. and W.L. Montague, History and Genealogy of the Montague Family of America (1886), pp. 43-57, 60, 307-8, 310-13, 327-28, 381-83, 506; J.W. Hook, Lieut. Samuel Smith: His Children and One Line of Descendants and Related Families (1953), pp. 1-13, 22-27; F.F. Starr, Various Ancestral Lines of James Goodwin and Lucy (Morgan) Goodwin of Hartford, Connecticut, vol. 2 (1915), pp. 395-4 19 and A.S. Kellogg, Memorials of Elder John White (1860), pp. 3-23, 25-28, 35-36; ME. Cooley, The Cooley Genealogy (1941), pp. 195-96, 445-57, 463-64; J.W. Norcross, “Norcross Genealogy,” 2 vols. (1882, mss. at NEHGS), pp. 1-5,10-11, 24-25, 62-63; Warren L. Marsh, Marsh Family History, Part I (typescript, nd.), page on John and Sarah Marsh of Boston and descendants, and Sturbridge and Medfield VRs (for birth and marriage of Sarah and Seth Marsh), Register 63 (1909):90-92 (Partridge), 83(1929): 70-84, 278-94 (Morse, reprinted in English Origins of New England Families, first series, henceforth EO1 119841, 2:262-92), W.S. Tilden, History of the Town of Medfield, Massachusetts, 1650-1886 (1887), PP. 511-12 (Wight), 377-79 (Ellis), and J.H. Morse and E.W. Leavitt, Morse Genealogy (1903), Samuel Morse section, pp. 1-4, 7-9; A.N. Adams, A Genealogical History of Henry Adams (1898), pp. 5, 8, 10, 14, and E.E. Adams, Ancestors and Descendants of Jeremiah Adams, 1794-1883 (1974), pp. 1-13, 17-22; O.P. Fay, Fay Genealogy (1898), pp. 19, 173, 175, 180-81, 191-92; Charles Martyn, The William Ward Genealogy (1925), pp. 3-58, 65, 72, 84; L.S. Fairbanks, Genealogy of the Fairbanks Family in America, 1633-1897 (1897), pp. 31-34, 37-38, 47-48, 62-64, 91-92; A.T.B. Fenno Gendrot, The Ancestry and Allied Families of Nathan Blake, 3rd and Susan (Torrey) Blake (1916), pp. 133-34 (Lovett, Blott).  See also The New England Quarterly 60(1987): 363-81, for data on the immediate family of Emily’s mother.

    3.    Fuller Madeleine B. Stern, The Life of Margaret Fuller (1942), end paper charts (with some errors and omission corrected by the following); W.H. Fuller, Genealogy of Some Descendants of Thomas Fuller of Woburn (Fuller Genealogies, vol. 4) (1919), pp. 9-11, 142-47; Sidney Parley, The History of Salem,Massachusetts, vol. 2,1638-1670 (1926), pp. 299-300, 276 (Houlton, Flint); Sibley’s Harvard Graduates (henceforth SHG), vol. 14, 1756-1760 (1968), pp. 601-5 (Timothy Fuller), vol. 11, 1741-1745 (1960), pp. 498-502 (Abraham Williams), vol. 4, 1690-1700 (1933), pp. 515-18 (Robert Breck); Charles Hudson, History of the Town of Marlborough, Middlesex County, Massachusetts (1862), pp. 469-71 (Williams); Charles Martyn, op. cit. (see #2 above), pp. 3-58, 65-67; M.L. Holman, Ancestry of Colonel John Harrington Stevens and His Wife Frances Helen Miller, vol. 1(1948, henceforth SM1), pp. 144-48 (Larkin); Samuel Breck, Genealogy of the Breck Fa:nily (1889), pp. 11-17; Thomas Gamble, Jr., Data Concerning the Families of Bancroft, Bradstreet... (1906), pp. 87-94 (Wainwright); William Barry, A History of Framingham, Massachusetts (1847), pp. 199-201 (Buckminster); Crane data collected by Alicia Crane Williams, and E.F. Vose, Robert Vose and His Descendants (1932), pp. 9-14, 17-20, 30-31,33-34 (Buckminster, Crane and Lyon); A.B. and G.W.A. Lyon, Lyon Memorial, Massachusetts Families (1905), pp. 320-22, 324-32; Stoughton and Canton VRs (Peter Crane; Elizabeth, Ephraim and Timothy Jones), Dorchester and Boston VRs (in vols. 21 and 30 (1890, 1903) of A Report of the Record Commissioners of the City of Boston (marriages of Mrs. Elizabeth Jones Wiser Crane, birth and marriage of Timothy Jones), Register 40 (1886):21-23 (Andrews) and H.O. Thayer and Frank Trott, History of the Trott Family, Mainly of Woolwich, Maine (1933), pp. 2-3.

    4-6. Peabody sisters: L.H. Tharp, The Peabody Sisters of Salem (1950) and S.H. Peabody and C.H. Pope, Peabody Genealogy (1909), pp. 1-3, 7-18, 20-21, 27, 4344, 85; W.G. Davis, The Ancestry of Dudley Wildes (1959), pp. 163-67 (Dorman), W.C. Sprague, “Thayer Family Genealogies” (mss. at the Society, 1949), pages for Thomas1, Shadrach2 and Ephraim3 Thayer; C.T. Bass and E.L. Walton, Descendants of Deacon Samuel and Ann Bass (1940), pp. 1-5,9, 19-20, Register 107 (I953):218-20 (Bass, Savil, reprinted in EO1:3:179-181), and H.K. Shaw and A.C. Williams, Families of the Pilgrims: John Alden, William Mullins (1986), pp. 1-4, 9-10; C.E. Potter, Genealogies of the Potter Fannilies and Their Descendants in Amnerica (1888), part 1, pp. 1, 6, 14-15 and ML. Holman, Ancestry of Charles Stimson Pillsbury and John Sargent Pillsbury (1938, henceforth PA), pp. 4348; TAG 58(1982):193-204, 59 (1983): 17-19 (Hadley, Martin, North) and L.H. Procter, John Proctor of Ipswich and Some of His Descendants (1985), pp. 6-7; Rev. George Mooar, The Cummings Memorial (1903), pp. 1-4, 6-9, 14-16, 35-36 and Charlotte Goldthwaite, Boardman Genealogy, 1525-1895 (1895), pp. 103-20; Nathaniel C. Peabody, “[Pearse-Palmer] Genealogy, cir. 1880” (typescript), pp. 252-61, 267-68; SHG, vol. 17, 1768-1771 (1975), pp. 584-90 (Joseph Pearse Palmer) and vol. 9, 1731-1735 (1956), pp. 41 18 (John Hunt); T.R. Wyman, Jr., Genealogy of the Name and Family of Hunt (1862-3), pp. 271, 273, 317, 309, 287; Register 30(1876):35 (Langdon); E.A. Fessenden, The Fessenden Family [159] in America (1971), vol. 1, pp. 8-10, vol. 2, pp. 473-75, 772-73; C.H. Pope, The Cheney Genealogy (1897), pp. 1742.

    7. Anthony: C.L. Anthony, Genealogy of the Anthony Family (1904), pp. 23-24, 63-67, 116, 130-31, 165-82; R.S.D. Story, The Eddy Family in America (1930), pp. 3-13, 22-28, 34-38, 56-57, 92-93; Dartmouth, Mass. VRs (birth of Mrs. Judith Hicks Anthony), W.M. Emery, The Howland Heirs (1919), pp. 29-38 (the entire American ancestry ignore the English Hicks data of Thomas Hicks (III) and Judith Akin), H.W. Hodge, Hicks (Hix) Fanilies of Rehoboth and Swansea, Massachusetts (1976), pp. 5-7, 57-60, and GA. Morrison, Clarke Genealogies: The “Clarke” Families of Rhode Island (1902), pp. 214-15, 221-22; TAG 24(1948):1-11, 183-86, 56 (1980):97-98 (Lapham, Russell, Mitchell) and D.L. Jacobus, The Granberry Family and Allied Families (1945), pp. 216-18 (Fobes); R.V. Sherman, Some of the Descendants of Philip Sherman, the First Secretary of Rhode Island (1968), pp. 24-28, 293-95, B.L. Stratton, Transatlantic Shermans (1969), and E.S. Versailles, Hathaways of America (1970), pp. 4344; Lineage Book, N.S.D.A.R., vol. 120 (1931), p. 149 (Daniel Read and Jonathan Richardson); J.W. Reed, History of the Reed Family in Europe and America (1861), pp. 186-87, 24-34; E.E.P.B. Carrier, Healy History (1963), p. 73 (Mrs Hannah Titus Healy Read), Rehoboth VRs and 1758 Bristol Co. probate file of John Titus, NYGBR 12(1881):92-96 (Titus), A.B. Carpenter, A Genealogical History of the Rehoboth Branch of the Carpenter Family (1898), pp. 38-43, 47-48, and DSGRM 23(1959-60):5-10 (Millard); ME. Wesbrook, Descendants of Jacob Barney, Salem, MA. 1634 (1982), pp. 1-2, 4, 123, SM1, pp. 281-88 (Barney) and PA, pp. 153-55, 1115, 43-48 (Davis, Whipple); J.A. Vinton, The Richardson Memorial (1876), pp. 183-85, 187-89, 201-2, 228-29, and W.G. Davis, The Ancestry of Sarah Hildreth (1958), pp. 24-27 (Richardson); Charles Martyn, op. cit. (see #2 above), pp. 3-58, 65-66, 79, 92-93; N .S. Woodward, Descendants of Richard Woodward of New England, 1589-1 982 (1982), pp. 6-7, 9-10, 22-23, 91-92, J.G. Bartlett, Simon Stone Genealogy (1926), p. 41-56, 65-66, and F.B. Trowbridge, The Trowbridge Genealogy (1908), pp. 48, 503-6.

    8. Mrs. Mott Thomas C. Cornell, Adam and Annie Mott: Their Ancestors and Their Descendants (1890), pp. 321-27; sources listed in NEXUS 3(1986):26-27, esp. Louis Coffin, The Coffin Family (1962), pp. 92, 183-84, 186-87, 194, 266 and Alexander Starbuck, The History of Nantucket County, Island, and Town (1924, reprint 1969), Coffin, Starbuck, Macy, Gardner, Folger and Bunker sections, passim; Register 31(1877):297-302 and Pennsylvania Genealogical Magazine 28(1973-1974):14-29 (Gayer); C.E. Banks, The History of Martha’s Vineyard, Dukes County, Massachusetts, vol. 3 (1925, reprint 1966), pp. 298-304 (Mayhew).

    9.    Mrs. Stanton O.P. Allen, Descendants of Nicholas Cady (1910), pp. 13-20, 29-31, 49, 92, 173-74, 320-21; E.W. Leavitt, Groups of Palmer Families (1901), pp. 9-15, 25-28, 4446, 71-72; J.L.F. Bunce, Some of the Ancestors of the Reverend John Selby Frame and His Wife Clara Winchester Dana (1948), pp. 329-31, 335-36 (Stanton, Lord); NYGBR 51(1920):307, 314 (Mainwaring); Clarence Beebe, A Monograph of the Descent of the Family of Beebe (1904), pp. 9-12, 15-16, 23, 30, and W.H. Powers, Powers-Banks Ancestry (1921), pp. 49-59, partly corrected by N.G. Parke II and D.L. Jacobus, The Ancestry of Lorenzo Ackley and His Wife Emma Anabella Bosworth (1960), pp. 251-55, 258-61, 84-87 (Beebe, Pratt, Collier, etc.); Florence Van Rensselaer, The Livingston Family in America (1949), p. 6-7, 301-3, 305-6 (and passim for kinsmen), TG 4 (1983):238, 241, 244, 255, 257, 260-61 (Livingston, Schuyler, etc.) and Florence Christoph, Schuyler Genealogy (1987), pp. 1-6, 13-14, 42-43; E.T.B. Runk, Tue Ten Broeck Genealogy (1897), pp. 8-40, 55-60, 85-88, 138-40, 181-82; H.C.W. Van Buren Peckham  History of Comelis Maessen Van Buren (1913), pp. 17-30.

    10.  Mrs. Barrymore, Mrs. Duchin, Langley, Mrs. Truman, Eliots, Joseph Peabody, Mrs. Prescott, General: National Cyclopaedia of American Biography, vol. 39 (1954), p. 501 (Mrs. Barrymore); reports of the Harvard class of 1904 (for Charles DeLoosey Oelrichs, father of Mrs. Duchin); W.J. Rhees, Register of the District of Columbia Society Sons of the American Revolution (1896), p. 109 (Langley); AM. Hemenway, The Vermont Historical Gazetteer, vol. 1 (1867), pp. 1021-23, 1870 death record of Samuel Gates, Jr. of Lunenburgh, Vt., and Gates-Wallace-Truman sources listed in G.B. Roberts, Ancestors of American Presidents (AAP) (preliminary edition rev., 1989), p. 176; E. C. and H.W. Eliot, The Family of William Greenleaf Eliot and Abby Adams Eliot of St. Louis,Missouri, 2nd cd. (1931), pp.3-5, 11-13, 57-58 and chart at end; W.C. Endicott and W.M. Whitehill, Captain Joseph Peabody, East India Merchant of Salem, (7757-1844) (1962); Register 120 (1966):81 -83 or G.E. Meredith, Tue Descendants of Hugh Amory, 1605-1805 (1901), chart in end pocket (Mrs. Prescott); F.L. Weis and W.L. Sheppard, Ancestral Roots of 60 Colonists, 6th ed. (1988), lines 29A, 4143, 34 and 11 for royal descents of Mrs. Alice Freeman Thompson Parke and Act. Gov. Jeremiah Clarke; TG 9(1988):3-39 and TAG 57 (1981):31-33 for a royal descent of Thomas Trowbridge; AAP, p. 163, sources cited therein, and Weis, Sheppard and Arthur Adams, Tue Magna Carta Sureties, 1215, 3rd ed. (1979), line 42, for a royal descent for Robert Livingston the younger; and AAP and G.B. Roberts and W.A. Reitwiesner, American Ancestors and Cousins of The Princess of Wales (1984), for presidential and Princess of Wales connections mentioned above.

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