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  • Lydia and Her Daughters: A Boston Matrilineal Case Study

    Julie Helen Otto

    In recent years geneticists, American genealogists and specialists in the history of forenames have begun to study matrilineal descents and kindreds. A matrilineal descent runs completely through females - your mother’s mother’s mother, etc. A matrilineal kindred consists of a woman (often an immigrant), her children, her daughters’ children, her daughters’ daughters’ children, etc. Surnames change with each generation and each married daughter, so the titles of such studies may not include surnames. Geographical movement (women following husbands) and social mobility can be quite pronounced, so matrilineal descents contain many surprises (e.g., in NEXUS 7 [1990]:155-6, Louisa May Alcott’s descent from Anneke Jans).

    The largest compendium of matrilineal kindreds to date is a compilation by William Addams Reitwiesner, “Matrilineal Descents of the European Royalty,” 3rd ed. (1991), on 16 microfiche. One matrilineal descent long of keen interest is that of Queen Victoria (see Genealogists’ Magazine 3 [1927]:6-9, 13[1960]:241-4, 14[1964]:273-7), shared by Charles II of England, Louis XIII, XIV and XV of France, Catherine II of Russia, and Kaiser Wilhelm II. We present below possibly the first published study of a New England ,matrilineal kindred - the descendants of Lydia (___) Scottow of Boston. Her progeny, largely merchants, ministers, Harvard graduates and their wives and sisters, include a mix of well-known and more obscure families, authoritatively or poorly covered in printed sources. By the fifth generation matrilineal descendants bear over a dozen surnames, have begun to migrate, and perhaps would not be aware of their kinship. At the most distant, however, they are third cousins. Articles on other fully traced New England matrilineal progenies, or quite unusual matrilineal descents (e.g., from Priscilla [Mullins] Alden to the present), are invited.

    Lydia ___ (b. England ca. 1621, d. Boston 9 May 1707, ae. 86), married (prob. Boston) by 23 May 1641 Joshua Scottow (ca. 1615-1698), an early merchant in Boston and coastal Maine. Lydia wrote a fine hand (see her signature, reproduced above, from H.A. Hill, History of the Old South Church [Third Church], Boston 1669-1884, [1890, henceforth Hill], facing 1:202); she joined Boston First Church (23 May 1641) and later Old South Church (8 Jan. 1674/5). Lydia was among the Boston women signing a 1648 petition on behalf of jailed midwife Alice Tilly (Mass. Archives 9:14). In 1661 she challenged a claim of Thomas Kirke to merchandise consigned to her by Joshua from Monhegan, Maine (N.B. Shurtleff, ed., Records of the Governor and Colony of the Mass. Bay, 4:2 118541,218-9); in the 1670s she and other Old South wives, denied communion at the First Church for three years, petitioned for formal admission to the Old South, “where they had enjoyed communion all this time” (Hill, 1:201). She is also mentioned in Mill Thomas, The Diary of Samuel Sewall, 1674-1729, 2 vols. (1973, henceforth Sewall), 1:179; Records of the Suffolk Co. Court, 1671-1680 (Coll. Col. Soc. Mass. 30[1933]:886; and Suffolk Deeds, 14 vols. (1880-1906).

    Lydia’s husband Joshua owned much land, commanded a garrison, and had wide business interests at Scarborough, Maine, where a “Scottow’s Hill” still exists. Joshua, his brother Thomas (1612-61; see Register 10[1856]:362), and their sister Rebecca (d. 1698), later wife of Robert Winsor, prob. arrived at Boston by 21 Sept. 1634, when their widowed mother Thomasine (___) Scottow joined the First Church; her sons followed suit 19 May 1639. “Capt. Scottow’s cousin” (not named) was prayed for at a meeting attended by Samuel Sewall (Sewall, 1:42).

    Joshua, who may never have taken the freeman’s oath, nevertheless held various civic offices in Boston and Maine; his half-acre garden lay in Sudbury Street (O. A. Roberts, History of...The Ancient and Honorable Artillery Co. of Massachusetts, 1637-1888, vol. 1 [1895, henceforth A&H],152-53). His name is on the first membership list (12 and 16 May 1669) of Old South Church (Confession of Faith...of the Old South Church in Boston... [1855, henceforth OS], 75).

    JoshuaScottow, enrolled in the Ancient and Hon. Artillery Co. in 1645 and its clerk 1650-51, was an “Ensigne” in 1656 (Boston VRs); later he was a captain. In the 1650s he was an agent in the complicated de la Tour affair (Suffolk Deeds 1:8-10). A&H, 1:152-53 calls him a “chirurgeon” like his son Thomas (in a 1659 deed at NEHGS Joshua is a “merchant”). For Joshua’s often controversial public life in Maine see C. T. Libby, Sybil Noyes and W. G. Davis, Genealogical Dictionary of Maine and N. H. (1928-39, repr. 1972, henceforth GDMNH), 614; Province and Court Records of Maine, vols. 1-4[1928-58, henceforth PCRM] esp.; Pub. Col. Soc. Mass. 10(1904-6): 369-78, and Coll. Maine Hist. Soc. 3(1853):1-237 (esp. 79-80, 115-26 [Capt. Scottow’s 1675 Scarborough garrison journal], 155). Mrs. Anne (Bellingham) Hibbens, hanged at Boston for witchcraft in 1656, made him an overseer of her will (Register 6[1852]:287). Capt. Scottow is mentioned several times by fellow Old South parishioner Samuel Sewall, often as leading at prayer meetings; on 25 Jan. 1685/6 Sewall had lent Capt. Scottow his “Gr[eek] Testanmt” (Sewall, 1.94). After his son-in-law Rev. Benjamin Blackman decided not to become permanent minister at Scarborough Capt. Scottow probably helped arrange (ca. 1686) for another non-resident minister, Rev. George Burroughs, later hanged as a wizard at Salem 19 Aug. 1692; a month before that grim event Judge Sewall noted a “Brave Shower of Rain while Capt. Scottow was praying, after much Drought” (ibid., 1:293). In his later years, pessimistic about the disappearance of “old New England,” “J. S.” published at least two tracts (the best known was “A Narrative of the Planting of the Massachusetts Colony Anno 1628. With the Lords Signal Presence the First Thirty Years....Published by Old Planters, the Authors of the Old Mens Tears” [1694]; Coll. Mass. Hist. Soc. 4th ser. 4[1858]:279-330). His will (23 June 1696) [26] left his estate to Lydia and after her death, a double portion to son Thomas, and single portions to daus. Elizabeth, Rebecca and Mary. The 16 grandchildren now living were each willed “a Ring of tenn shillings value as a token of my love” (Suffolk Probate #2432). The elderly Capt. Scottow fell near Judge Sewall’s house 1 Oct. 1697, and had to be helped away (Sewall 1:378). Joshua Scottow died at Boston 20 Jan. 1697/8, ae 83 [g. s.]. Judge Sewall writes of his death and funeral (1:385-6):

    [21 Jan.] Sixth-day [Sat.], Mr. Willard [Old South minister] much indisposed by the cold...speaks as if had heard Capt. Scottow was dead... But before he went away Jno Roberts came to invite me to be a bearer to morrow. It seems Capt. Scottow died the last night Thus the old New England men drop away.

    [22 Jan.]. Capt. Joshua Scottow is buried in the old burying place [King’s Chapel graveyard]. Bearers, Maj. Con [Wait Still] Winthrop, Mr. [Elisha] Cook[e], Col. [Elisha] Hutchinson, [Samuel] Sewall, [Peter] Sergeant, Uohn] Walley: Extream cold. No minister at Capt. Scottow’s funeral; nor wife nor daughter.

    As seen in probate papers of son-in-law Thomas Savage Jr., during her last years “Mother Scottow” lived in the households of married daus. Elizabeth Savage and Mary Checkley, each husband paying half Lydia’s board and “Diate” [food]; one expense was “9 yards 1/2 damask at 2/6 for a Gowne for Mother” (Suffolk Probate #2932). With Hon. Isaac Addington, [Dea. James] Hill, [Dea. Nathaniel] Williams, John Ballentine, and goldsmith John Coney, Judge Sewall was also a bearer at Mrs. Lydia Scottow’s funeral 12 May 1707 (Sewall, 1:565), probably at King’s Chapel yard, and received the customary scarf and gloves. In 1850 Joshua’s tombstone was discovered fifty feet up in the tower of the former Old South Church (Registers [1851]:78). The stone is mounted in the porch of the “new” (1869) Old South on Boylston Street, near NEHGS; Lydia’s g. s. is not known to have survived. Children, b. or bp. Boston:

    Joshua Scottow (1641-d.y.); Joshua Scottow (1643-by 6 May 1665); *Lydia Scottow, bp. 29 June 1645; *Elizabeth Scottow, bp. 1 Aug. 1647, “ae. about 2 days”; *Rebecca Scottow, bp. 10 Oct. 1652; *Sarah Scottow, b. say ca. 1654; *Mary Scottow, b. 11 May 1656; Thomas Scottow (1659-1698 or 1699), appar. unm. (Harvard 1677); he comm. Scarborough garrison and held several offices in Maine in the 1680s. In his 1698 will he styled himself “chirurgeon” of ship Gernard of London and left all in N.E. to sister Elizabeth Savage, all else to loving friend Margaret Softley, wid., of St. Paul’s, Chadwell [prob. Shadwell], Middlesex (GDMNH, 615).

    Lydia Scottow2, living Boston 1 Oct. 1720, when the widowed Samuel Sewall (wishing to remarry) discussed with a friend “7 single persons sitting in the Foreseat [the widow’s bench at church] [29 Sept.];..but none would do”; the sixth name was Lydia’s (Sewall, 2:957). Lydia, who joined Old South 9 Feb. 1671/2 (OS, 76), m. (1) ca. 1664 Benjamin Gibbs, a Boston merchant, b. prob. Windsor, Conn. by 1640, son of Giles and Katharine (Carwithe) Gibbs (Suffolk Deeds 11:192-3, which also see for a minute inventory of a typical wealthy merchant household). He arrived at Boston by late 1661, joined the A&H 1666, served on the Connecticut River in King Philip’s War, and d. ca. 1678 (Suffolk Probate #956; for her admm. of his estate see also John Noble, ed., Records of the Court of Assistants of the Mass. Bay, 1630-1692, vol. 1, 1673-1692 [1901], 383-86); (2) Boston by 4 Jan. 1678/9 Anthony Cheddey, bp. Preston Capes, Northants. 31 July 1636, d. Boston 18 Oct. 1708 (A&H 1662); (3) Boston 6 March 1711/2 William Colman, said to have been bp. Satterly, Norfolk 3 Aug. 1643, d. Boston ca. 26 March 1712 (Sewall, 2:684) (A&H 1676).

    Children [rec. Boston], all by (1):

    Benjamin Gibbs3, (1665-d.y.); *Lydia Gibbs, b. 26 Jan. 1669/70; Benjamin Gibbs (2nd), (1672/3-d.y.); Benjamin Gibbs (3rd) (b. 1674).

    Elizabeth Scottow2, d. Boston 29 Aug. 1714; m. ca. 1664 Maj. Thomas Savage, Jr., bp. Boston First Church 17 May 1640, d. Boston 2 July 1705, son of Thomas and Faith (Hutchinson) Savage and grandson of William and Anne (Marbury) Hutchinson. In the case of Elizabeth’s brother Thomas dying s.p. (as did happen) she was to receive his double portion; Capt. Savage’s probate contains many of his father-in-law’s estate accounts (Suffolk Probate #2932). For full details see Register 67(1913): 198-215.

    Children, rec. Boston:

    Thomas Savage3 (1665-d.y.); Thomas Savage (1668-1721); m. pub. Charlestown ca. 1693 Margaret Lynde (1668/9-1721), dau. of Joseph & Sarah (Davison) Lynde; Scottow Savage, (1670/1-by 1698); Habijah Savage (1674-1746); m. Boston 8 July 1703 Hannah (Phillips) Anderson (1680/1-1751) (his first cousin once removed), dau. of Samuel & Hannah (Gillam) Phillips, wid. of Capt. David Anderson, Jr. of Charlestown; *Elilabeth Savage, b. 4 Aug. 1677; Arthur Savage (1680-1735); m. Boston 27 June 1710 Faith Phillips (ca. 1690-1775), dau. of Capt Samuel & Hannah (Gillam) Phillips; *Faith Savage, b. 3 Oct. 1683; *Lydia Savage, b. 6 Sept. 1686.

    Rebecca Scottow2, d. Boston 29 March 1715 [g. s., Copp’s Hill Cem.]; in Malden, Mass. 1 April 1675 Rev. Benjamin Blackman, b. Stratford, Conn. ca. 1645, d. Boston 20 Dec. 1689 [g. s., King’s Chapel Cem.], son of Rev. Adam and Jane (___) Blackman of Stratford. A 1663 Harvard grad. with New Haven trade interests (1667), considered for Stratford schoolmaster (1670), Benjamin assisted Rev. Michael Wigglesworth at Malden in the mid 1670s. In the 1680s he had much business and land in Maine (York Deeds 3:94-5,4:22-3, 6:13-4); owned a third interest (with bro.-in-law Samuel Walker, and Sampson Sheafe) in a sawmill on the Saco River (York Deeds 17:255-6); preached at Scarborough at least a year; and represented Scarborough and Saco at the General Court. As late as 1881 the sawmill site was called “Blackman’s Falls” (Sibley 2[1881]:142). Rebecca (Scottow) Blackman must have lived some of this time at Boston; she joined Old South 20 Feb. 1680/1 (OS, 78). Rebecca prob. spent her last years in Thomas Goodwill’s Charter Street household near Copp’s Hill graveyard.

    Children, bp. Third Church (Old South), Boston:

    Benjamin Blackman3, [Jr.], (1685-by 1715, prob. earlier); *Rebecca Blackman, bp. 14 April 1689.

    Mary Scottow2, bp. First Church 17 day, 3 mo. 1656, d. Boston 18 Oct. 1721, of smallpox, ae. 65 (Sewali, 2:983); in “in 1680” (obit., Boston News-Letter 14 Jan. 1739], Register 2[1848]:351) Capt. Samuel Checkley, b. Preston Capes, [27] Northants. 14 Oct. 1653, d. Boston 27 Dec. 1738, a physician, surgeon and apothecary, half-bro. of Anthony Checkly (A&H 1678). Samuel and Mary joined Old South Church 13 Sept. 1685; first elected deacon 15 Oct. 1693, Capt. Checkley served the Old South 45 years. Judge Sewall, who apparently outgrew initial disapproval of Checkley’s periwig. worked well with him and was a bearer at Mary’s burial in the “south burying place” (Sewall 2:984). Of the Checkleys’ many children, only Richard and Samuel seem to have survived their father.

    Children, b. Boston:

    Mary Checkley3, b. 12 April 1683, d.y.; Rebecca Checkley, b. 2 Sept. 1684; Samuel Checkley (b. 1685, dy.); William Checkley (b. 1687); Joshua Checkley (1688-1723); *Lydia Checkley, b. 31 March 1690; Elizabeth Checkley, b. 3 Sept 1693; Richard Checkley (1 694-1742); m. Boston 10 Jan 1720 Sarah Walley; Samuel Checkley (1695/6-1769); m. Boston 5 Jan. 1720 Elizabeth Rolfe (1698-1757), dau. of Rev. Benjamin & Mehitable (Wainwright) (Atwater) Rolfe, both killed by Indians at Haverhill, Mass. in 1708. Samuel and Elizabeth were parents of Elizabeth Checkley (1725-68), first wife of patriot Samuel Adams, and great-great-grandparents of historian John Lothrop Motley (1814-77) (see NEXUS 7[1990]:28); Mary Checkley, b. 26 June 1697.

    Sarah Scottow2, presumably living 23 June 1696 when her father willed her a ring worth 20s.; am. probe. Boston by 24 Sept. 1672 Samuel Walker, who d. probe. E. Jersey by 16 July 1708 (admm. bond, Boston). Presented before the Maine Court of Common Pleas 27 May 1684 “for Travelling from Wells to Sacoe upon the Lords day” (PCRM 3:119), “Mr Samuel Walker of Boston” was apparently acquitted; the court licensed him to “[Retayl] all Sorts of Liquores without Doores” at Scarborough 12 Oct. 1686 (ibid., 244). He may have been the “Samuel Walker mariner” with whom Judge Sewall rode to Newbury 6 March 1688 (Sewall, 1:161). In Maine his name is often found with that of bro.-in-law Blackman, in 1688 he was appointed referee between Capt George Turfrey and Rev. Blackman in a dispute over £17 in “Merchantable Pine Boarder” (PCRM 3:253). He is likely the Samuel Walker, with estate worth £20W, in a list now at the P.R.O., London, of signatories to a N.E. merchants’ petition to King William III 25 Jan. 1689/90 (R.E Moody and R.C. Simmons, The Glorious Revolution in Massachusetts: Selected Documents, 1689-1692 (Coll. Colonial Soc. Mass. 64[1988], 480. A 1692/3 estate account of Francis Drake of Piscataway mentions “Samuel Walker merchant of Boston” (N.J. Archives 23[1901]:142); by 1699 Walker was of E. Jersey “late of Boston” (GDMNH 714). What relation (if any) he bore to a Woodbridge, N.J. Walker family, once thought to be Geo. Soule descendants, is not clear.

    Children, rec. Boston:

    Sarah Walker, b. 10 Dec. 1679; Mercy Walker, b. 5 July 1681; Samuel Walker, b. 25 April 1683; William Walker, b. 8 Dec. 1684; Mary Walker, b. 2 Oct. 1686; Elizabeth Walker, 16 Nov. 1688; Susannah Walker, b. 28 Jan. 1690/1.

    Lydia Gibbs3, (Lydia Scottow2 , Lydia1 ), d. Philadelphia 11 Sept. 1699 (Register 42[1888]:304); m. ca 1693, as his first wife (of three), Hugh Hall, a Barbados merchant, who d. Boston 20 Sept. 1732 (Register 42[1888]: 304).

    Child, b. prob. Barbados:

    Hugh Hall4(ca. 1693-1773); m. Boston 31 Oct. 1222 Elizabeth Pitts, dau. of John & Elizabeth (Lindall) Pitt. Hugh, reared at Boston by gr.-mother Lydia Colman, grd. Harvard in 1713; see Sibley 6 (1942):11-18. Poss. others; Hugh Hall [Sr.] had ch. by all 3 wives

    Elizabeth Savage3, (Elizabeth Scottow2, Lydia1), living Boston March 1750/1; m. there 8 Oct. 1716 Hon. Joseph Wadsworth, b. Milton, Mass. 11 Feb. 1666/7, d. Boston 20 Nov. 1750, son of Capt. Samuel and Abigail (Lindall) Wadsworth; Boston selectman, representative to General Court and town treasurer. H. A. Wadsworth, 250 Years of the Wadsworth Family in America (1883) does not include this marriage. Register 67:206 gives them one child:

    *Elizabeth Wadsworth, b. 19 Sept. 1720.

    Faith Savage3, d. Boston 3 Feb. 1760; m. there 28 Aug. 1711 Cornelius Waldo, b. prob. Dunstable, Mass. 17 Nov. 1684, d. Boston 4 June 1753, son of Cornelius and Faith (Peck) Waldo of Boston. Portraits by Joseph Badger (ca. 1750) of Cornelius and Faith can be found in Waldo Lincoln, Genealogy of the Waldo Family (henceforth Waldo), vol. 1 (1902; the family is treated extensively on 69-75, 144-166), facing 69, 74; see also Proc. Mass. Hist. Soc. 51(1917-18):199-200.

    Children, rec. Boston:

    Elizabeth Waldo (1711-14) (Register suggests 1712, but 1711 in VRs), d. Boston; *Faith Waldo, b. 1 Jan. 1713/4; Cornelius Waldo [Jr.] (1715-82), d. Sudbury, Mass.; m. (1) Hannah Heywood (1720-65), dau. of Maj. Daniel & Hannah (Ward) Heywood; (2) Lincoln, Mass. 24 July 1766 Hannah Peirce; *Elizabeth Waldo, b. 14 Oct. 1716; Thomas Waldo, (1718-96), d. Newton, Mass., unm.; John Waldo (1720-96), d. Boston; m. there 17 Sept 1761 Abigail Welles (1730-68), dau. of Samuel & Hannah (Arnold) Welles. He pub. int. Worcester, Mass. 15 July 1784 (Boston 20 July) with Mrs. Ann (Leonard) Chandler, wid. of Gardner Chandler of Worcester, but when Mrs. C. told him she meant to convey her estate to her son, “they were not married although her wedding dress was ready” (CS. Waldo, Continuation of Waldo Genealogy 1900-7943 [1943], 12); Joseph Waldo (1722-1816), d. Cheltenham or Bristol, England; m. Brattle St. Church, Boston 11 March 1762 Martha Jones (1737-68), dau. of John & Hannah (Francis) Jones; Daniel Waldo (1724-1808), d. Worcester; m. Boston 3 May 1757 Rebecca Salisbury (1731-1811), dau. of Nicholas & Martha (Saunders) Salisbury; *Lydia Waldo, b. 22 June 1727.

    Lydia Savage3, in Boston 23 Sept. 1708 Timothy Prout, b. Concord, Mass. 18 May 1679, d. Scarborough 5 April 1768, son of Ebenezer and Elizabeth (Wheeler) Prout of Concord. In 1728 Timothy Prout bought from Capt. Samuel Checkley, his uncle by marriage, a large property at Scarborough acquired by Joshua Scottow in 1666, known first as the Cammock Patent, later as Prout’s Neck (Trans. Col. Soc. Mass. 10 [1904-06]:371-72n.

    Children, rec. Boston:

    Eliza[beth] Prout4 (b., d. 1709); Timothy Prout, Jr. (1710-16); Eliza[beth] Prout (1712-14); Lydia Prout (1715-16); Elizabeth Prout b. 13 Nov. 1716, “prob. dy.” (Register 67:206); *Lydia Prout, b. 12 May 1718; Ebenezer Prout (1719-1804), d. Boston; of Scarborough, m. Boston (int.) 31 May 1762 Abigail Prince; poss. m. (2) Boston 1 Oct. 1782 Sarah Payne of Malden. Timothy Prout, Jr. (1721-1777 or 1782), Harvard 1740, prob. d. N. Y. C.; m. (1) Boston 6 June 1751 Mary Foster, prob. the dau. (b. 1734) of Seth & Susannah (Wait) Foster; (2) Boston 20 July 1758 Abigail [28] Davenport (1734-86), dau. of John & Abigail (Hutchinson) Davenport; Joseph Prout (1723-after 1790), m. Hannah Jordan (Register 67:206); ‘Mary Prout, b. 22 July 1725.

    Rebecca Blackman3, (Rebecca Scottow2, Lydia1), bp. Third Church (Old South), Boston 14 April 1689, living Boston 7 Sept. 1747; m. Boston 21 July 1710 Thomas Goodwill, shipwright (T.J. Goodwill, 300 Years in America: A History of the Goodwill Family 11985, henceforth Goodwill], 8-12), b. say ca. 1687, bp. Second Church, Boston 12 Oct. 1691, d. Boston 21 Dec. 1749, son of Mary (___)Goodwill. Thomas and Rebecca sold her father’s remaining Scarborough property 18 May 1717 to William Pepperell, Jr. (York Deeds 8:220). The Goodwills lived in Charter Street in Boston’s North End. Thomas was a partner in the shipbuilding firm Grant & Goodwill; in the 1730s he rented Copp’s Hill burying ground, prob. for pasturing livestock.

    Children, bp. Second Church in the North End:

    *Rebecca Goodwill, b. 15 May 1717; *Mary Goodwill, b. 11 Nov. 1721; *Lydia Goodwill, bp. 1 Nov. 1724; *Elizabeth Goodwill, bp. 23 Oct. 1726.

    Lydia Checkley3, (Mary Scottow2, Lydia1), d. Roxbury, Mass. 16 Nov. 1722; m. Boston 10 Sept. 1706 Maj. John Bowles, b. Roxbury 15 March 1684/5, d. there 28 March 1737, son of John and Sarah (Eliot) Bowles, and a great-grandson of Rev. John Eliot and of Thomas Willett, first mayor of New York City; he grad. Harvard 1702 and served as master of Roxbury Latin School and representative in the General Court.

    Children, b. Roxbury:

    *Mary Bowles, b. 6 Sept 1709; John Bowles (1711-47?, m. by 4 Jan. 1735/6 Mary Browne; Samuel Bowles (b. 1713); William Bowles (b. 1715); Joshua Bowles, (1722-94?), a furniture carver; m. Boston 1 Feb. 1753 MaryHart; Isaac Bowles (1724-1806), d. in Maine (Harvard 1744).

    Elizabeth Wadsworth4, (Elizabeth Savage3, Elizabeth Scottow2, Lydia1), d. Boston 9 May 1756; in there 13 Sept. 1739, as first wife, Isaiah Barrett, b. poss. Boston 5 Jan. 1715, d. Concord, Mass. 27 Od. 1780, son of Samuel and Abigail (Manning) Barrett (see Register 42[1888]:262-64).

    Children, several rec. Boston:

    Joseph Wadsworth Barrett (1740-94); m. Boston 7 july 1763 Ruth Smallidge (1743-1823), dau. of Samuel & Ruth (Brisco)Smallidge; IsaiahBarrett (b. d. 1742); Elizabeth Barrett, (b., d. 1744); *Elizabeth Barrett, b. 26 Jan. 1745/6; *Sarah Barrett, b. 13 March 1747/8; Abigail Barrett, b. 16 March 1750; m. “an English officer named Spillard,” doubtless the Morris Spilliard enum. next to J. W. Barrett at Boston, 1790; *Mary Barrett, b. 13 May 1752; Samuel Barrett (1754-56).

    Faith Waldo4, (Faith Savage3, Elizabeth Scottow2, Lydia1), d. Boston 8 or 9 Nov. 1784; in there 22 June 1743 ObadiahCookson, b. there 1 Feb. 1709/10, d. between 4 July 1764 (when, given permission by the General Court, Faith conveyed land without his consent) and 1 Jan. 1771, son of John and Rachel (Proctor) Cookson. In 1748 Faith left Obadiah (described in a 1756 mortgage as “a Person thought to be of unsound mind”); he was given to advertising their marital troubles at length in print (Waldo, 145-6).

    Children, bp. Boston, first two at New South Church:

    Samuel Cookson5 (1744-1806), d. West Roxbury, Mass.; m. Boston 25 Dec. 1769 Mary Church (1743-88); (2) West Church, Boston 3 Oct. 1793 Mrs. Susannah Osborne; Elizabeth Cookson, bp. New South Ch. 28 July 1745, m. Boston (as second wife) 22 April 1799 Dr. John King (ca. 1737-1807). Lydia Cookson, bp. First Church 30 July 1749, of Bristol, Eng. 1791, prob. unm.

    Elizabeth Waldo4, d. Boston 4 May 1801; m. there 9 Dec. 1742 Benjamin Austin, b. Charlestown, Mass. 9 Mardi 1716/7, d. Boston 14 March 1806, son of Ebenezer and Rebekah (Sprague) Austin (E. A. Moore and W. A. Day, Genealogy of the Descendants of Richard Austin of Charlestown, Massachusetts [1968], henceforth Austin], 21). A Boston selectman for many years, Benjamin was in 1776 “cihosen into the Honble the Council of the Colony’ (Waldo, 150).

    Children, b. or bp. (First Church) Boston:

    Benjamin Austin5 (1744-dy.); Benjamin Austin (1746- d.y.); Jonathan Loring Austin, (1747-1826); m. Boston 4 Apr. 1782 Hannah Ivers (1756-1818), dau. of James & Hannah (Trecothick) Ivers; Rebecca Austin, b. 20 June, bp. 25 June 1749, d. Andover, Mass. 17 Aug. 1818; m. Boston (int.) 14 April 1783 John Kneeland (174&1831), son of John & Sarah (Mulberry) Kneeland; only ch., Sarah Abbott Kneeland, d.y. (S.F. Kneeland, Seven Centuries of the Kneeland Family... [1897], 58); Benjamin Austin (bp. 1750-d.y.); Benjamin Austin (1732-1820); m. Boston 26 July 1785 Jane Ivers (1758-1842), dau. of James & Hannah above; Elizabeth Austin (b. 1754, d.y).; Elizabeth Austin,bp. 12 Feb. 1758, “prob. dy.” (Waldo, 151).

    Lydia Waldo4, d. Beverly, Mass. 4 Aug. 1800, of palsy; in Boston (int.) 4 June 1747 (as second wife) Timothy Austin, b. Charlestown 4 June 1718, d. Boston in June 1787, son of Ebenezer and Rebekah (Sprague) Austin (Austin, 21). A leather-dresser, Timothy was Charlestown treasurer in 1763 (Waldo, 164).

    Children, b. Charlestown:

    Timothy Austin5 (1749-70); Cornelius Austin (1751-dy.); Benjamin Austin (1752- d.y.); Daniel Austin (1753-1819), d. Portsmouth, N. H. ; m. there 22 July 1787 Mary Penhallow (1761-1847), dau. of John & Sarah (Wentworth) Penhallow; Samuel Austin (b., 1755); Samuel Austin (b., d. 1756); Cornelius Austin (1758-59); Samuel Austin (1760-1848); in Marlborough, Mass. 30 Sept 1290 Abigail Winslow Lewis (1769-1812), dau. of Capt. Winslow & Mary (Knowles) Lewis (Austin, 44); *Lydia Austin, b. 16 Nov. 1762; John Waldo Austin (1764-65); *Elizabeth Austin, bp. 5 April 1767.

    Lydia Prout4, (Lydia Savage3, Elizabeth Scottow2, Lydia1), m. Boston (int.) 19 March 1752 Zachariah Hicks, prob. the man of that name, for some years “in chief care” of the North Writing School, bp. Cambridge 25 April 1708, d. Boston ca. 29 July 1761 ae. 53 (Boston Gazette), son of Zachariah and Seeth (Andrews) Hicks. Child, rec. Boston:

    Timothy Prout Hicks (1760-1801), d. Cape Elizabeth, Maine (Columbian Centinel [henceforth CC], 7 Nov. 1801).

    Mary Prout4, prob. living Scarborough, Maine 13 March 1797, when she wrote to a Kirkwood nephew at Newbury, N. H. (mss. letter at NEHGS [MSS C-1068; on back is written “Alexr Kirkwood estate papers”]); m. (int.) Boston 13 Nov. 1761 Capt. Alexander Kirkwood, “a Scotchman [formerly] in the English Navy. In 1743 he was wounded in the head while fighting aboard the Dunkirk and was [thus] a pensioner...” (W. S. Southgate, “The History of [29] Scarborough, Maine [1633-1783],” Coll. Maine Hist. Soc. 3[1853]:215-16); he d. prob. by 13 March 1797. They res. in the Prout’s [later Kirkwood’s] Neck area of Scarborough; the Society owns Alexander’s account book of ca. 1751-57 (MSS-Cb-1038). Southgate says they had no children; Register 67:206 says “2 ch.,” whom I cannot identify.

    Rebecca Goodwill4, (Rebecca Blackman3, Rebecca Scottow2, Lydia1), d. prob. Boston by 10 June 1800 (Suffolk Probate #21268); m. there 1 Oct. 1747 Nathaniel Holmes, b. Boston 29 Dec. 1703, bp. Old South Church 2 Jan. 1704, d. Boston 29 Nov. 1774, son of Nathaniel and Sarah (Thaxter) Holmes (see G. A. Gray, The Descendants of George Holmes of Roxbury [1908], 23-31). A photograph (ca. 1940) of Rebecca’s descendant Esther Fowle Brookes of Alexandria, Va., wearing a brocade dress owned by Rebecca (Goodwill) Holmes (but probably much altered to nineteenth-century tastes and now in the Smithsonian), was reproduced in E. C. Fowle, Descendants of George Fowle (NEHGS, 1990, hereafter Fowle).

    Children, b. Boston:

    *Rebecca Holmes, b. 22 Jan. 1748/9; Mary Holmes, b. 2 Sept. 1750. dy.; Nathaniel Holmes (1752- d.y.); Nathaniel Holmes (again) (1755-dy.); *Lydia Holmes, b. 17 July 1758.

    Mary Goodwill4, d. prob. Stonington, Conn. by 1794 (bond filed 14 March [Stonington Probate# [1981]); m. (all Boston) (1) 24 Oct. 1744 Rev. Jonathan Helyer, b. Boston 19 April 1719, grad. Harvard 1738, d. Newport, R.I. 27 May 1745, son of John and Elizabeth (Wardel) Helyer; (2) 13 Aug. 1747 Henry Darrell, who d. Boston 29 or 30 March 1752 (possibly related to John and Rachel [Thwing] Darrell of Boston); (3) New North Church 20 Sept. 1753 (as second wife) Rev. Nathaniel Eells [Jr.], b. Scituate, Mass. 31 Jan. 1710/1, grad. Harvard 1728, d. Stonington 1 June 1786, son of Rev. Nathaniel and Hannah (North) Eels. Rev. Eels, Stonington minister for 53 years, active in promoting the Indian charity school at Lebanon, Conn. and Hanover, N. H. (now Dartmouth College), was in 1776 appointed chaplain to a New London-area Continental regiment. For Mary’s Eells family, see Myron Eells et al., Eells Family History 1633-1952, vol. 1(1969, henceforth Eells), 36-44. 71-3.

    Children (except the first two) all by (3), b. Stonington:

    Thomas Darrell, b. Boston by 13 Feb. 1748/9 (in father’s will [Suffolk Probate #99711), living 1794, poss. the Thomas Dorrell who d. Pepperell, Mass. 31 March 1810, ae. 61:9; *Mary Darrell, b. prob. Boston ca. 1750; *Rebecca Eells, b. 8 Aug. 1754; *Lydia Eells, b. 3 Dec. 1755; Samuel Eells (1757-ca. 1772); Joseph Eells (1759-91); m. Stonington 2 Feb.. 1785 Nancy Stanton (1760-1850]), dau. of Thomas & Elizabeth (Bell) Stanton; Nancy m. (2) Dea. “Sans” Cole of Hopkinton, RI.; *Hannah Eells, b. 14 Sept. 1760; *Elizabeth Eells, b. 25 July 1762; Benjamin Eells (1763-99); m. Stonington 20 Dec. 1789 Dorcas Denison (1770-1856), dau. of Joseph & Mary (Babcock) Denison.

    Lydia Goodwill4, d. Boston 21 Aug. 1752; m. there 9 May 1745 John Clough, b. Boston 7 Feb. 1719/20, d. there by 17 March 1798, “ae. 79” (obit., CC), son of Ebenezer and Ann (___) Clough (Boston Transcript, 16 March 1903, #370). John Clough was a brazier, not the mason of that name with est. admm. Boston in 1754 (Suffolk Probate #11321); he nt (2) Charlestown 16 March 1758 Abigail Edes. In John’s Prince Street household in 1789 were John Clough, brazier; another John Clough and “Elizabeth Paine, wife of John & dau. John Clough, of Boston, d. in Thomaston, Me., Aug. 6,1834 a[e]. 63,” prob. children of the later wife (A.S. Lainhart, First Boston City Directory [1789] Including Extensive Annotations by John Haven Dexter [1791-1876] [1989], p. 30). This family does not appear in The Genealogy of the Descendants of John Clough, 2 vols. (1952-66).

    Children, b. Boston (Goodwill, 8-12; J. A. Downs, William Downe of Boston, Mass. 11979-811, 7; Boston VRs):

    *Lydia Clough, b. 15 Jan. 1745/6; Thomas Clough (b. d. 1747); Thomas Goodwill Clough, (1748 or 1749-by 20 Aug. 1793) (“a Minor aged about five Years” 29 March 1754, Suffolk Probate #10718; admm. 20 Aug. 1793, Suffolk Probate #20194; Goodwill, 12), a mariner, may have d. at sea; m. Second Baptist Church, Boston 30 July 1783 Mary Ann Downe (1760-1820), dau. of John & Ann (Holmes) Downe; Rebecca Clough, b. 9 Jan. 1751 (“a Minor ag’d about three Years” 29 March 1754, Suffolk Probate #10717), d. by 8 Sept. 1819 (CC), unm.; John Clough (b., d. 1752).

    Elizabeth Goodwill4, d. Boston 22 April 1803, ae. 77; in there (int.) 2 Nov. 1749 Samuel Downe, b. there 14 Oct. 1721, d. there 6 June 1784, upholsterer and 174(1) Harvard grad., son of William and Sarah (Danforth) Downe. His “surviving letters show an excessive religiosity” (Sibley 10[1958]:481-2). Elizabeth is unplaced in Goodwill (p. 8), but her father’s admm. (Suffolk Probate #9434) names her as dau. of Thomas.

    Children, bp. Brattle Square Church, Boston:

    Samuel Downe (1752-dy).; William Downe (1754-prob. 1803) a William Downe m. Boston 7 Sept. 1780 Emelia Thayer; Elizabeth Downe, b. 9 May 1757; *Sarah Downe, b. 28 March 1750; Samuel Downe, (1763-by 24 Nov. 1794), d. Philadelphia of yellow fever, “youngest son of the late Capt. Samuel Downe” (obit., Independent Chronicle).

    Mary Bowles4, (Lydia Checkley3, Mary Scottow2, Lydia1), d. Salem, Mass. 31 May 1790 (Salem VRs 5:412); in (1) Roxbury 8 Feb. 1727/8 Capt. Walter Goodridge (drowned en route to London by 12 Feb. 1729/30 [Boston News-Letter]; (2) Roxbury 1 Nov. 1731 Hon. Benjamin Lynde, Jr., b. Salem 5 Oct. 1700, d. there on his birthday 1781, son of Benjamin and Mary (Browne) Lynde. Benjamin, Jr. (a 1718 Harvard grad.), justice of the Superior Court, presided in 1770 over the trial of the British soldiers charged in the Boston massacre, and briefly served as Chief Justice of Massachusetts (DAB 11[1933]:525-6). Lyndeborough, N. H., where he had land interests but never lived, was named for Judge Lynde. His and Mary’s portraits by John Smibert are reproduced in F. E. Oliver, ed., The Diaries of Benjamin Lynde and of Benjamin Lynde, Jr. (1880), which also contains extensive genealogical notes on the Lynde and Browne families.

    Children, all by (2), b. Salem:

    *Mary Lynde, b. 5 Jan. 1733; Hannah Lynde, b. 17 Aug. 1735, d. Salem ca. 21 Dec. 1792, ae. 56, “distraction” (Salem VRs 5:412); *Lydia Lynde, b. 14 Nov. 1741.

    To be continued: A list of general sources will appear at the article’s end.

    Julie Helen Otto has been a co-editor of NEXUS since 1989.

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