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  • Lydia and Her Daughters: A Boston Matrilineal Case Study (concluded)

    Julie Helen Otto

    The previous installment of this article (NEXUS 9[1992]:24-28) treated four generations of female descendants of a seventeenth-century matron, Lydia (___) Scottow, wife of Capt. Joshua Scottow of Boston and Scarborough, Maine. This last part will explore fifth-generation daughters and name their children and children-in-law. The traditional genealogy drops daughters as they marry and assume other surnames; a man, no matter how prominent, who “daughters out” (is survived only by females) is seldom the subject of a major printed genealogy. Matrilineal progenies, by contrast, encompass large numbers of surnames - at least one each per married subject and often reveal much wider socio-economic and cultural patterns than their agnate counterparts. As in the first section of this article, daughters are treated while sons are not; asterisks denote daughters known to have had daughters in their turn. Some of these matrilineal lines may extend to the present.

    The author has no known Scottow ancestors, and has undertaken little further research except among descendants of Rebecca Scottow (1652-1715), wife of Rev. Benjamin Blackman, whose older brother John (d. 1662) was the author’s ancestor. While compiling a Blackman genealogy, I noticed that descendants of two daughtered-out generations of this family made frequent use of “Lydia” and “Rebecca,” in some cases probably into the twentieth century.

    Elizabeth Barrett5 (Elizabeth Wadsworth4, Elizabeth Savage3, Elizabeth Scottow2, Lydia1), b. prob. Boston 26 Jan. 17451/6?1, d. poss. Boston 29 May 1783 (Register 42[1888]:263; m. Concord, Mass. 11 Dec. 1762 Capt. Thomas Theodore Bliss, b. Concord 21 May 1745, d. Cambridge (also rec. Concord) 1 Sept. 1802. son of Rev. Daniel and Phebe (Walker) Bliss; his sister, Phebe (Bliss) Emerson, was the paternal grandmother of Ralph Waldo Emerson. “On the first campaign into Canada he was taken prisoner by the English at Three Rivers with all his company, and was retained a prisoner during the war, confined a part of the time in the vaults of the old Trinity Church at New York City. He was not released until the British fortes evacuated New York after the peace” (A. T. Bliss, Genealogy of the Bliss Family in America, vol. [1982]. henceforth Bliss], 114, which gives dau. Phebe’s birthplace [1774] as Brimfield, Mass., but the family is not in published VRs or town histories). T. T. Bliss is called “[of] Boston” in the Mass. Archives, which places his capture 20 May 1776, at “the Cedars”; a council warrant was issued 3 April 1780 “in favor of Elizabeth Bliss, wife of said Bliss, for support of herself and family during her husband’s captivity” (Mass. Soldiers and Sailors of the Rev. War, vol. [1896], 191). Capt. Bliss m. (2) Boston 25 June 1789 Huldah Delano, who d. Concord 16 Oct. 1828.

    Children, b. prob. Boston, Concord or Brimfield:

    Theodore Bliss (1766-1831), b. poss. Boston, d. Bloomingdale, N.Y., a Capt. in merchant service, based at Philadelphia; m. prob. Bristol, England 18 July 1793 SarahJones (d. 1834); Thomas Bliss (1767-1839), b. Boston, d. prob. Boston in June 1792 PriscillaHowe (b. 1768), dau. of Dr. Daniel & Sarah (Bancroft) Howe; Eliza Bliss, “m. a Mr. Goff of Maine” (Bliss, 114; “Mr. Goff” was not found in the large Goff mss. Coll. at NEHGS); *Phebe Bliss (1774-1845), d. poss. Boston (bur. Mt. Auburn Cem., Watertown, Mass.), m. Boston 1 Jan. 1797 Capt. William Cunningham, Jr. (1773-1810), a captain in the China trade, son of William & Mary (Moore) Cunningham of Boston (for their children see Register 55[1901]: 424); Ann/Hannah Bliss, “m. a Mr. McIntosh of Maine, (ibid.); the marriage is mentioned but “Mr. McIntosh” not placed in W. H. McIntosh, Genealogical Records of McIntosh Families in the United States and Canada, vol.4 (1984), 39.

    Sarah Barrett5, b. prob. Boston 13 March 1747[/8?], d. Royalston, Mass. 15 Feb. 1783, of puerperal fever; m. (rec. Royalston) 26 Oct. 1769 Rev. Joseph Lee, b. Concord 12 May 1742/3, d. Royalston 16 Feb. 1819, son of Rev. Joseph and Lucy (Jones) Lee of Concord; he grad. Harvard in 1765.

    Children, rec. Royalston (VRs; William Lee, John Leigh and His Descendants [1888, hereafter Leigh], 194-95, 279):

    A dau (b, d 1771); Joseph Lee (1773-1861), d. prob. Bucksport, Maine, a merchant of Orland, “District of Maine,” in Templeton, Mass. 16 Oct. 1800 Priscilla Sparhawk (1777-1863), dau. of Rev. Ebenezer & Naomi (Hill) Sparhawk; Samuel Lee (1775-77); Sarah Lee (b., d. 1777), perhaps d. of the dysentery that took about 8% of the town’s population that year; Samuel Lee (1779-1870), d. Templeton, of Buckstown, Hancock Co., Maine, m. Templeton 26 June 1804 Elizabeth Sparhawk (1782-1874), sister of Priscilla above; a dau., d. Royalston 18 Dec. “1782” (sic in VRs, but Leigh, 195, gives 1781); Sarah B[arrett?] Lee (b, d. 1783)

    Mary Barrett5, b. prob. Concord, Mass. 13 May 1752, d. Cambridge 2 Aug. 1823; m. prob. Concord ca. 1776 Samuel Bartlett, Esq., b. ca. 1750, d. Cambridge 29 Sept. 1821, son of Roger and Ann (Hurd) Bartlett (Levi Bartlett, Genealogical and Biographical Sketches of the Bartlett Family in England and America 118761, 94); a silversmith, he removed to Cambridge ca. 1795 after his election as Middlesex Co. register of deeds, an office he held until death (L. R. Paige, .History of Cambridge, Mass. 1630-1877 [1877, repr. 1986, henceforth Paige, 484-85].

    Children, b. Concord (but most not rec.) or Cambridge (Paine, 485; VRs):

    Samuel Bartlett (no further data given in Paige); *Mary Bartlett (ca. 1777-1859), d. Salem, Mass. (Mass. VRs 129:176), m. Cambridge 28 April 1799 (int. Dracut, 11 Feb.) Willard Buttrick, Jr. (1772-1849) of Dracut, Mass. (d. Bedford, Mass.), son of Willard & Esther (Blood) Buttrick of Concord (R. P. Butrick, Butrick, Butterick, Buttrick in the U.S.A. [1979], 28-29); John Bartlett (1782-83), a twin, d. Concord; John Bartlett (1784-1849), Harvard 1805, minister at Second Ch, Marblehead, m. poss. Halifax, N. S. in May 1811 Rebecca De Blois (1778-1858), dau. of George & Sarah (DeBlois) De Blois (Register 67[1913]:15); Elizabeth Bartlett (ca. 1788-1873), d. Cambridge, unm.; Benjamin Dixon Bartlett (ca. 1789-1853), Harvard 1810, a physician in Bath, Maine and Lowell, Mass., d. Cambridge; m. Bath by 22 July 1815 (Columbian Centinel, hereafter CC) (int. Concord 12 May) Eleanor Shaw of Phippsburg, Maine; Susan Bartlett (ca. 1790-1875), d. Cambridge, ae. 85, unm.; Joanna Bartlett (“Isannah” in Cambridge VRs 2463) (ca 1793-1837), of dropsy, unm.; Lydia Bartlett (ca. 1794-96); Joseph Bartlett (bp., d. 1799), both d. Cambridge.

    [58] Lydia Austin5 (Lydia Waldo4, Faith Savage3, Elizabeth Scottow2, Lydia1), b. Charlestown, Mass. 16 Nov. 1762, d. Beverly, Mass. 16 Nov. 1828; m. Charlestown 25 June 1799, as second wife, WilliamBurley, b. Ipswich, Mass. 2 Jan. 1751, d. Beverly 16 Dec. 1822, son of Andrew and Hannah (Burnham) (Cogswell) Burley of Ipswich (Charles Burley, “Notes for Revision of the Burley Genealogy,” mss. 118941, n. pg.).

    Children, b. Beverly:

    Lydia [Austin] Burley (1800-02), d. Beverly; Edward Burley (1802-91) (Mass. VRs 418:304), d. Beverly; m. there 5 Aug. 1833 Harriet Lincoln (1810-91) (Mass. VRs 418:300), dau. of Hawkes & Mary (Howe) Lincoln of Hingham and Boston.

    Elizabeth Austin5, bp. Charlestown, Mass. 5 April 1767, poss. the “Mrs. Elizabeth Brown” who d. Boston, “ae. 35” (CC, 14 Dec. 1803; the death date [10 April 1826, ae. 59] given in Waldo, 1:166, as that of Elizabeth (Austin) Brown is appar. that of Elizabeth [Russell] [Stevens] Brown, dau. of Capt. Richard Russell and wid. of William W. Stevens [obit., CC, 15 April]); our Elizabeth Austin m. Boston 19 March 1789 John Brown, poss. b. Boston 4 Aug. 1762, son of John and Elizabeth (___) Brown, or bp. there 10 July 1763, son of another John and Sarah (___) (Tanner) Brown; he was living Boston 7 Jan. 1801.

    Children, rec. Second Church, Boston:

    John Brown6, bp. 1790; Daniel Austin Brown, bp.1792; Elizabeth Brown, bp. 1793; Mary Callander Brown, bp. 1797; William Brown, bp. 1799; George Brown, bp. 1801.

    Rebecca Holmes5 (Rebecca Goodwill4, Rebecca Blackman3, Rebecca Scottow2,Lydia1), b. Boston 22 Jan. 1748/9, d. Lynn, Mass. 2 Sept. 1788; m. Boston 25 May 1768 WilliamFowle, bp. Marblehead, Mass. 5 Feb. 1745/6, d. in summer 1795, son of Jacob and Mary (Rowland) Fowle and a 1764 Harvard grad. (Fowle, 72-74). “After his marriage he entered business with his father-in-law, a wealthy distiller. He retired from Holmes & Fowle after he received his share of his father’s estate and thereafter lived the life of a country gentleman” (ibid., 72), but with some financial trouble. William m. (2) Lynn 13 Nov. 1791 Mary Bartlett (1756-1821), dau. of Thomas and Elizabeth (Robie) Bartlett, who herself m. (2) Ebenezer Graves; that son-in-law Giles Alexander was appointed guardian of the minor Fowle ch. 10 June 1800, the date of admm. of the est. of their maternal grandmother Rebecca (Goodwill) Holmes, suggests the ch. may have lived at least some of the time with her.

    Children, b. Boston or Marblehead, most bp. New North Church, Boston:

    Rebecca Holmes Fowle6 (bp. 1770-appar. dy.); Nathaniel Holmes Fowle (1771-dy.); Nathaniel Holmes Fowle (1775-dy.); Susanna Fowle (1776-1863), d. Alexandria, Va.; m. Boston (as second wife) 2 April 1798 Giles Alexander (1750-1816), son of Giles & Mary Alexander of Wilmington, Mass. (s.p.); div. prob. by 31 May 1809 when Giles m. (3) Catherine Knapp. Susannah tem. to Virginia and resumed her maiden name; William Fowle (1778-dy.); Lydia Holmes Fowle (1779-1851), d. Alexandria, unm.; [Nathaniel] Holmes Fowle (1781-1820), d. Amsterdam, The Netherlands, a merchant, unm.; WilliamFowle (1783-1860), d. Alexandria; m. in Virginia 30 April 1807 Esther Dashiell Taylor (ca. 1790-1861), dau. of George & Esther (Dashiell) Taylor of Washington, D.C. A grand dau. of William & Esther was Ellen Fowle (1853-1933), dau. of George Dashiell & Sarah Ellen (Hooe) Fowle and wife of Gen. Fitzhugh Lee, CSA. (1835-1905), nephew of Gen. Robert E Lee.

    Lydia Holmes5, b. Boston 17 July 1758, d. Medford, Mass. 28 March 1807; m. Boston 9 Aug. 1782 John Bishop, Jr., a distiller, b. Medford 20 Nov. 1755, d. there 8 Feb. 1833, son of John and Abigail (Tufts) Bishop, and a second cousin of President John Quincy Adams. John Bishop bought from bro.-in-law William Fowle the latter’s father’s farm in Lynn, Mass., for £600 in 1785, and in 1786 recovered money and property from him (Fowle, 72). The Bishops are buried in a tomb on the north side of the old graveyard at Medford Center.

    Children, rec. Medford:

    Rebecca Holmes Bishop6 (1785-181)7), d. of consumption (Medford VRs, 339); *Lydia Bishop (ca. 1784 [bp. 1786]-1805, ae. 21:6 [rec. Medford]); m. there 1 March 1804 Nehemiah Parsons of Boston (1773-poss. 1848), a merchant, son of Nehemiah & Susannah (Ellery) Parsons of Gloucester; he m. (2) Newburyport (int.) 10 March 1810 Anne Quincy Thaxter. Lydia Emeline Parsons, only child of Nehemiah & Lydia, was bp. Medford 12 Sept. 1805; John Bishop (1787-1830), d. Medford; Nathaniel Holmes Bishop (ca. 1789-1850), d. Medford; m. there 21 Oct. 1824 Mary Smith Farrar (1806-81), dau. of Dr. Judson & Mary (Smith) Farrar of Peterborough, N. H. Among their ch. was Heber Reginald Bishop(1840-1902), later of Cuba & N.Y. City, sugar tycoon and benefactor of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, to which he gave a large Oriental collection. He was prob. one of the few descendants of Lydia (___) Scottow to have hosted the future King Edward VII (D. L. Smith, Genealogy of Reginald Bishop [1985], n. pg., intro.); Eliza Bishop (b., d. 1791); William Bishop (1793-1812), d. Medford.

    Mary Darrell5 (Mary Goodwill4, Rebecca Blackman3, Rebecca Scottow2, Lydia1), b. prob. Boston ca. 1751-2, d. Middletown Point, N.J. in March 1788, in her 36th year (F. B. Dexter, Biographical Sketches of the Graduates of Yale College [hereafter Dexter, vol. 2 [1896], 728-29); m. Stonington 23 Feb. 1777 Dr. Thomas Barber, b. Georgia in late 1741, d. Middletown Point by 23 March 1805, ae. 64 (obit., CC), son of Rev. Jonathan and Sarah Noyes) Barber of Groton, Conn., and a 1762 Yale grad. In his 1786 will Mary’s stepfather Rev. Nathaniel Eells numbered Thomas Dorrell and “Mary Barber” among “my children,” to each of whom he left 10s. (Stonington Probate #1200). Dr. Barber, who m. (2) Middletown 25 June 1792 Nancy Edwards (Gen. Mag. of N.J. [hereafter GMNJ 36[1961]:43), referred to son Jonathan and dau. Maria in his 1801 will as “my said two children,” implying that others had not survived (N.J. Archives, First Set. 39[1946]:28). Mary (Darrell) Barber left “a son and a daughter. The son studied medicine with his father, and began to practice, but was carried off early by consumption; the daughter also died early” (Dexter, 729; although see below).

    Children, b. Middletown, N.J. (GMNJ 32[1957]:20, 23):

    Nathaniel Eells Barber6 (1779-prob. d. y.); Jonathan Barber (1781-after 1811), poss. the Jonathan Barber of Woolwich, Gloucester Co., N.J. whose inv. was filed 13 Feb. 1815 (N.J. Archives, First Ser. 42[1949]:24). In 1810 Jonathan’s sister Maria authorized executors C. P. Vanderhoef and Matthew Vanbrakel, at their discretion, to give to her bro. Jonathan “(if ever he should reform and become a sober and temperate man for two years) the [59] legacy they hold in trust for him” (N.J. Archives, First Set. 41 [1946] 26-27); (poss.. Mary’s dau.) Maria Barber, d. between 3 Aug. 1810 and 2 Jan. 1811 (ibid.); (poss. Mary's dart.) a dau. (Maria left Jonathan ”the gold ring that was my grandfather’s [and] the one that has my mother’s, brother’s and sister’s hair in it” (ibid., italics mine).

    Rebecca Eells5 (Mary Goodwill4, Rebecca Blackman3, Rebecca Scottow2, Lydia1), b. Stonington, Conn. 8 Aug. 1754, d. Newport, RI. 29 Jan. 1794; m. Stonington 9 Dec. 1773 Henry Hunter of Newport. For a letter she wrote half-bro. Rev. John Eells (son of Rev. Eells’s first wife, Mercy Cushing) describing their father’s last days, see Eells 1:41-42. Henry Hunter served as a vestryman at Trinity Church (Episcopal), Newport.

    Children, bp. Stonington First Ch. (during Rev. N. Fells’s lifetime) or Trinity Ch., Newport

    Henry Hunter6 (bp. 1776), Stonington; Andrew Hunter (bp. 1782), Stonington; prob. m. Newport 10 Sept. 1815 Mary Smith Scott (1798-1883), dau. of John Cookson & Martha (English) Scott of Newport (one dau. was Rebecca E[ells?]Hunter [1822-87]); see G. B. Roberts, ed., English Origins of New England Families from NEHGR, Second Ser. (1985), 3:109, 117; Francis Hunter (bp. 1784), Stonington; Nathaniel Eells Hunter (b. 1787), Newport; a Nathaniel Hunter of Newport d. at N.Y. City by 28 April 1820 (RI. American, that date J. A. Arnold, Vital Record of RI. 18[1909]:510); Rebecca Hunter, bp. Newport 8 Sept. 1790.

    Lydia Eells5, b. Stonington, Conn. 3 Dec. 1755, d. Boston ca. 6 Nov. 1790; m. Stonington (int. Boston 27 Aug.) 18 Sept. 1783, as second wife (of four), JedediahParker, b. Boston 18 Nov. 1737, d. there 21 Aug. 1826, son of Caleb and Mary (Adams) Parker, and a 1757 Harvard grad. Jedediah, a merchant, was a member of New North Church; his family lived for many years in a three-story brick house in Unity Street. He had m. (1) prob. Boston in Sept. 1772 Rebecca Robbins, and later m. (both Boston) (3) 24 Oct. 1793 Hannah Bothwick and (4) 29 Nov. 1801 Susan Bradshaw. Children, b. prob. Boston:

    A son (Eells, 1:71); Mary Adams Parker6 (ca. 1786-1878), d. Boston, ae. 92:4 (Mass. VRs 303:280), m. Boston by 9 July 1806 (CC) Thomas Knox Emery (1784-1815), silversmith, son of Stephen & Ann (Knox) Emery (A.G. Parker, Parker in America [1911], 109).

    Hannah Eells5, b. Stonington 14 Sept. 1760, d. there 6 Jan. 1805; m. Stonington 9 Nov. 1780 Samuel Palmer, b. there 18 June 1758, d. there 9 April l&36, son of James and Hannah (Chesebrough) Palmer. Samuel, Hannah, and many of their fam. are bur. in Hinckley-Palmer Cem., Stonington. Samuel inherited his father’s house at the foot of Hinckley Hill, and m. (2) Stonington after 30 Sept. 1805 Elizabeth (Smith) Fanning (1763-1840), dau. of Oliver and Mary (Shepard) Smith and widow of Nathaniel Fanning. Children, b. Stonington (H W. Palmer, “Palmer Families in America” [tss. at NEHGS (MSS 297), ca. 1953], vol. 2, pt. 2,808-18, Mass. VR.s, Barbour Coll.):

    Henry Palmer6 (1781-prob. 1869), d. Litchfield, Conn.; m. Canaan, Conn. 22 Dec. 1819 Ada Sophia Brewer (1799-1862), dau. of Walter & Lucy (Hubbard) Brewer of Tolland, Conn. (div.); may have m. (2) Goshen, Conn. 15 Nov. 1846 Temperance Chevalier; Lucy Palmer (1783-1833), d. Stonington, unm.; Samuel Palmer (1785-1852), d. Goshen, Conn., m. (1) prob. Goshen by ca. 1820 Julia Pooler, dau. of Septimus & Bridget Matilda (Palmer) Pooler; (2) Goshen 8 May 1839 Eunice Beach (b. 1799), dau. of Julius & Eunice (Oviatt) Beach; James Palmer (1787-91), d. Stonington; Joseph Palmer (a twin) (1789-1838), d. Lenox, Mass., m. ca. 1815-20 Desire W. Hewitt (1791-1854) (Mass. VRs 84:32), dau. of Rufus & Martha (Wheeler) Hewitt of Stonington (she m. (2) ___ Curtis, prob. Elias Curtiss [1788-1882] of Sheffield, Mass.); Benjamin E Palmer (a twin) (1789-1871), d. Brooklyn, Conn., m. (1) Brooklyn 24 Nov. 1812 Susan Spalding (1792-18513), dau. of William & Amanda (Cady) Spalding, (2) Electa ----- (ca 1804-after 9 July 1872); Franklin Palmer (1792-1807), drowned Pawcatuck River, Stonington, Betsey Palmer (1794-after 1832), unm.; James Hobart Palmer (b. 1797), went to sea in privateer brig General Armstrong (War of 1812), never returned; *Maria Palmer (1799-prob. by 1819-20); m. Rowland Stanton (1795-1886), son of Peleg & Lydia (Hewitt) Stanton, *Emily/Emilia Palmer (1803-76) (“Cornelia” in R. A. Wheeler, History of Stonington, Conn. [1900], 519), d. prob. Stonington, m. there 12 Nov. 1832 Benjamin F. Pendleton (1801-42), son of Lebbeus & Lucretia (Pendleton) Pendleton (E. H. Pendleton, Brian Pendleton and His Descendants [1910],301).

    Elizabeth Eells5, b. Stonington 25 July 1762; “late of Stonington,” d. Derby, Conn. 31 Oct. 1812 (Derby VRs, Barbour Coll.); m. Stonington 25 May 1783 William Sheffield, b. there 1 Feb. 1757, d. there 26 May 1809, son of Isaac, Jr. and Freelove (Pendleton) Sheffield. Children, b. Stonington (First Ch. rec.; Barbour and Hale Coils., Conn. State Lib.):

    William Sheffield6 (1785-1849 or 1852), d. New Haven or Stonington, m. by ca. 1816 Keziah Gillette (d. 1818) (Hale Coll.; DAR Lineage Book 45[1917]:250), may have m. again; Nathaniel Sheffield (1787-91), drowned Stonington; Sylvester Sheffield (1790-1802), d. Stonington; Nathaniel Eells Sheffield (bp. 1791); Joshua Sheffield (1793-94); Joseph Sheffield (ca. 1795-98); Lucyanna Sheffield (1797-1864), bur. Stonington (Mystic Pioneer, 10 Dec. 1864, p. 829), unm.

    Lydia Clough5 (Lydia Goodwill4, Rebecca Blackman3, Rebecca Scottow2,Lydia1), b. Boston 15 Jan. 1745/6 (“a Minor ag’d about eight years” on 29 March 1754, Suffolk Probate #10716), d. Newburyport, Mass. 29 July 1801; m. Boston 13 Oct. 1768 Capt Wyatt St. Barbe, a mariner, of Marblehead and Newburyport, b. ca. 1738, d. Newbury-port 14 Nov. 1811, ae. 73. During the Revolution Capt. St. Barbe commanded the brig Betty, and in 1784, as master of the Cercs, conveyed Thomas Jefferson to France (Register 61 [1907]: 220-21). The St. Barbes are bur. St. Paul’s churchyard, Newburyport. Children, b. Marblehead or Newburyport:

    *Lydia St. Barbe6 (1772-1832), bp. Marblehead, d. Boston, m. (1) Newburyport 19 March 1795 Nicholas Tracy (1773-1811), son of Capt Nicholas & Miriam (Titcomb) Tracy of Newburyport; (2) (int.) Newburyport 9 Sept. 1821 John Muzzey, Esq. of Portland, Maine (1751-1823), son of Benjamin & Abigail (Weeks) Muzzy. Of Lydia’s four daus. Eleanor St. Barbe Tracy (1799-1889) m. Joseph Eustis of Boston and was the mother of NEHGS officer William Tracy Eustis (1822-1906, a matrilineal descendant of Lydia (___) Scottow), for whom see Register 69 (1907): 219-221, which also outlines this descent; Wyatt St Barbe (1770-1805), bp. Marblehead, d. Newburyport; Elizabeth St. Barbe (bp., d. 1778), bur. St Paul’s (Episcopal) churchyard, Newburyport.

    Sarah Downe5 (Elizabeth Goodwill4, Rebecca Blackman3, Rebecca Scottow2, Lydia1), b. 28 March 1759, d. Santo [60] Domingo by 8 Sept. 1792 (her CC obit. gives Mrs. Sarah de Vermonnet as dau. of “the late Capt. Samuel Downe, of Boston”) [lndex of Obituaries in Boston Newspapers, 1704-1795, vol. 2 [1968], 305); m. Brattle Square Church 2 July 1778 John [de] Vermonnet (“Bermoune” in Boston VRs, ch. rec.; “Vermoune” on int.), who was living 16 March 1795 at Alexandria, Va. (Catalog of Manuscripts at the Mass. Hist. Ser., vol. 7[1969], 327). Against the name of John “Vermunt” of Ward 7, Boston, in a tax abatement list of 18 June 1782 was written “Remov’d with his Family to west Indies (Register 146[1992]:180); but see son’s baptism below. An assertion in J. A. Downs, William Downe of Boston, Mass. and Some of His Descendants (1979-81), that the “Betiunnes” settled in Vermont (p.7) is from confusion with John’s actual surname. Child, bp. Brattle Square Church, Boston:

    John de Vermonnet6, bp. 2 July 1786.

    Mary Lynde5 (Mary Bowles4, Lydia Checkley3, Mary Scottow2, Lydia1), b. Salem, Mass. 5 Jan. 1733, d. Salem 29 Dec. 1807; m. Salem 28 May 1752 Andrew Oliver, Jr., b. Boston 13 Nov. 1731, d. Salem 4 Dec. 1799, son of Lt. Col. Andrew and Mary (Fitch) Oliver; he grad. Harvard 1749. He was a judge of the supreme court, wrote on comets, lightning, and other scientific subjects, corresponded with Sir William Herschel (discoverer of Uranus), and helped to found the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Of Mrs. Oliver, diarist Rev. Dr. William Bentley of Salem considered that “Madam was of real piety, but not of that mind which could have rendered her a fit companion for her Husband who took a high rank in American literature. She was feeble, limited in her enquiries, and a century too late in her manners” (Sibley 12[1962]:461). Children, b. Boston and Salem (Register 19[1865]:104; VRs; Andrew Oliver, Faces of a Family [1960]):

    Mary Oliver (b. d. 1754); b. Boston, d. Salem; (Rev.) Thomas Fitch Oliver (1757-1797), Harvard 1775, d. Baltimore (rec. Salem), m. Salem 7 June 1778 Sarah Pynchon (1757-1832), dau. of William & Catherine (Sewall) Pynchon. Among their four ch. was Mary Lynde Fitch Oliver (178 1-1805), first wife of jurist Joseph Story (1779-1845); Dr. Benjamin Lynde Oliver (1760-1835), b. Boston, d. Salem, unm.; Andrew Oliver (bp., d. 1761); Andrew Oliver (b. 1763), b. Salem; Daniel Oliver (1765-86), d. “on his passage from Boston to London, in the brig Mary” (Salem Mercury of 3 March 1787); Peter Oliver (1767-1831), d. Salem, unm.

    Lydia Lynde5(Mary Bowles4, Lydia Checkley3, Mary Scottow2, Lydia1), b. Salem 14 Nov. 1741, d. Boston 25 Sept. 1798; m. (rec. Boston) 30 Sept. 1766 Rev. William Walter, a Church of England minister, b. Roxbury 7 Oct. 1737, d. Boston 5 Dec. 1800, son of Rev. Nathaniel and Rebecca (Abbot) Walter, a great-grandson of Rev. Increase Mather, and a 1756 Harvard grad. (Sibley’s Harvard Grads. 14[1968]:111-21). “This long and happy marriage nearly had a premature conclusion, for when [Lydia] was seven months pregnant with their first child, she and her husband were blown off a Salem wharf by the wind but were fished out unharmed” (ibid., 112). A loyalist, Rev. Walter served as rector of three Trinity Churches (in Boston, New York City, and Shelburne, N. S.); and of Christ Church, Boston. An ardent Mason, he was known for his great charm and loved by many who did not share his politics.

    Children, most b. Boston (ibid., 120; Register 8 [1854]: chart facing p. 209; CC, Mass. VRs):

    Lynde Walter (1767-1844), d. Boston; m. (1) prob. Shelburne, N. S. 23 Feb. 1791 Maria Van Buskirk (ca. 1771-96), dau. of Col. Abraham & Jane (Dey) Van Buskirk of Bergen Co., N.J. and Shelburne NS. Shoemaker, Van Buskirk: A Legacy from New Amsterdam, vol. 2 [1990], 1081); (2) N.Y. City 5 June 1798 Ann Minshull (1773-1853), dau. of John & Mary Minshull of N.Y. (Mass. VRs 77:90). Thomas Walter (b. 1769-d.y.); William Walter, Jr. (1771-1814), a merchant, m. Boston 23 April 1794 Sarah Bicker (ca. 1774-1811); Thomas Walter (1772-1803), d. in Jamaica, unm.; Mary “Polly” Lynde Walter (1773-1847), d. Ipswich, Mass., m. Boston 28 Nov. 1797 Dr. Nathaniel Smith (ca. 1770-1823) (no ch.); *Harriet Tyng Walter (1776-1847), b. Shelburne, d. prob. Boston, m. Boston 4 Jan. 1804 John Odin, Jr. (1774-1854), son of John & Esther (Kettell) Odin of Charlestown (Register 12 [1858]:223-4, for their ch. also); Arthur Maynard Walter (1780-1807), b. prob. N.Y. City, d. Boston, unm. Harvard 1798.

    SOURCES (General and Additional)

    General: Boston VRs in A Report of the Record Commissioners, vols. 9, 24, 28, 30 (1883, 1894, 1898, 1903, the first two repr. in vol. 1978, last two repr. in 2 vols. 1977); published Mass. town VRs.; Sibley’s Harvard Grads., 16 vols. (1873-1975); Barbour (NEHGS, etc.) & Hale (Conn. State Lib.) Colls. (civic & gravestone nm, mp.) for Conn.; marriage and death abstracts from Colombian Centinel 1784-1840 (tss., NEHGS). Lynn Betlock of Old South Meeting House, Boston, kindly sent material on the Scottows at Old South John W. Scam told me about the plaque still marking “Scottows Dock,” now behind the Bostonian Hotel near Faneuil Hall.

    English sources for Scottow: Dictionary of National Biography 17 (1909):1053 gives wrong dates for Capt Scottow . For pedigrees of the Skottowe family of Co. Norfolk, to which he was prob. related, see Norfolk Genealogy 13[1981]:153-56. Notes & Queries 162(1932):284 mentions an earlier “Josha,” son of Richard Skottowe, bp. St. John Maddermarket, Norwich “10?” April 1593. The IGI for London and counties of East Anglia lists no Scottow with w. Thomasine and ch. Thomas, Joshua & Rebecca “Old Joshua Scottow, who came over with his parents during the great emigration, wrote [that] ‘A letter then from New England...was Venerated as a Sacred Script, or as the Writing of some Holy Prophet, ‘twas carded many Miles, where divers came to hear it”’ (Coll. Mass. Hist. Soc. iv, 293, quoted by SE. Morison in Builders of the Bay Colony [1930], 382). Joshua’s wife Lydia prob. also came from such a Puritan background.

    Although Joshua and Lydia (___) Scottow “daughtered out,” Joshua’s bro. Thomas (1612-61) left two daus. and a son, John Scottow (1644-78), who by wife Rebecca (___) had sons whose agnate descendants may still survive; not surprisingly, this family used “Joshua” several times. Scottows of Co. Norfolk also migrated to South Carolina. Joshua Scottow’s great-niece, Rebecca Winsor (dau. of Joshua & Sarah (___) Winsor and granddau. of Robert & Rebecca [Scottow] Winsor of Boston), m. Thomas Leverett (1674-1706) “the barber,” younger bro. of Harvard College president John Leverett (see A Memoir…of Sir John Leverett... (1856), 150, chart facing 193).

    Julie Helen Otto, co-editor of NEXUS, is preparing a genealogy of descendants of Rev. Adam and Jane (___) Blackman of Stratford, Conn.

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