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  • Notable Kin - The Line from King John of Magna Charta, via Montforts, to Orsinis of Rome, Medicis of Florence, the Famese of Parma, Renaissance Popes Leo X and Paul III, Woodvilles of England, Sir Ferdinando Gorges, and Various Colonial Immigrants

    Gary Boyd Roberts

    Published Date : October - November 1992

    Some descents are more than surprising. Somewhat like great paintings, or architecture, or music, they inspire awe and wonder. Such reaction may be suggested by the line treated herein. Eleanor Plantagenet, a daughter of the English King John who was forced to sign the Magna Charta in 1215, married Simon de Montfort, 2nd Earl of Leicester, who led the barons against Henry III, his brother-in-law, and summoned in 1265 “the first modern Parliament” of churchmen, barons, four knights from each shire and two citizens from each borough. Guy de Montfort, a younger son of Eleanor and Simon, murdered a cousin in revenge for his father’s death, was excommunicated by Pope Gregory X but later pardoned by Pope Martin IV, served that pope and Charles I, King of Naples, as a soldier, and was created Count of Nola. Guy’s daughter, Anastasia de Montfort, a great-granddaughter of King John, married Romano Orsini, senator of Rome in 1326, and brought her father’s title to this great Roman family. Due to intermarriage between various branches of the Orsini, Anastasia and Romano are ancestors of most Orsinis notable during the Italian Renaissance, Popes Innocent XIII (1655-1724, Pope 1721-24, Michelangelo Conti, whose mother was an Orsini) and Benedict XIII (1649-1730, Pope 1724-30, Pietro Francesco Orsini, Duke of Gravina), Colonnas, dukes of Paliano, Barberinis, princes of Palestrina, and undoubtedly many other major Italian noble families.

    Most remarkably, however, Roberto Orsini, Count of Nola (d. ca. 1350), son of Anastasia and Romano, was a great-great-great-grandfather of both Clarice Orsini, wife of Lorenzo de’ Medici, known as “Lorenzo the Magnificent,” virtual ruler of Florence, 1469-92, and of Elizabeth Woodville, queen of Edward IV of England. The mother of Queen Elizabeth Woodville was the French-born Jacquette of Luxembourg, widow of John Plantagenet, Duke of Bedford (son of the English King Henry IV) when she married the “parvenu” Lancastrian, later Yorkist peer, Richard Woodville, 1st Earl Rivers (whose origin, and descent from the Beauchamps of Lillesdon, Somerset and Ryme, Dorset. is authoritatively covered by Charles M. Hansen and Neil D. Thompson in The Coat of Arms, new ser. 9, #157 (Spring 1992):178-87). Jacquette’s mother, Margherita del Balzo of Andria, was in turn the daughter of Sueva Orsini, a granddaughter of Roberto and great-granddaughter of Anastasia and Romano. Clarice’s son, Giovanni de’ Medici, Pope Leo X, patron of Raphael and other Renaissance artists, a worldly Papal State defender against whose supposed excesses Martin Luther posted his 95 theses at Wittenberg and began the Protestant Reformation - this pope was thus a fifth cousin of the Yorkist princes (Edward V and Richard, Duke of York) murdered in the Tower of London ca. 1483, and a fifth cousin once removed of the English King Henry VIII, whom Leo created “Defender of the Faith.”

    Medici descendants of Clarice Orsini and Lorenzo the Magnificent ruled Florence, and Tuscany until 1737. This family also produced two queens (and regents) of France - the famed Catherine de’ Medici, a great-niece of Pope Leo X, wife of Henry II and mother of French Kings Francis II, Charles IX and Henry III; and Marie de’ Medici, granddaughter of Cosimo I, Grand Duke of Tuscany (a second cousin of Catherine and great-nephew of Leo X) and wife of the first Bourbon French king, Henry IV. Many later Catholic European sovereigns are descended from these two queens, and many later Protestant sovereigns, plus many English peers and gentry, are descended from sisters of Henry VIII (and granddaughters of Queen Elizabeth Woodville). But “Bad King John” and Orsinis of Rome are ancestors not only of the English Tudors, Florentine Medicis, later European sovereigns, and English and Italian noblemen. Another major ruling family of Renaissance Italy and over 15 colonial immigrants who left American descendants share this line as well.

    Among second cousins of Jacquette of Luxembourg (Duchess of Bedford and Countess Rivers) was Giovanella Orsini, wife of Giacomo IV Caetani, Lord of Sermoneta and grandmother of Giovanella Caetani, wife in turn of Pier Luigi Farnese and mother of both Alessandro Farnese, Pope Paul III, and Giulia Farnese, mistress of Pope Alexander VI (Rodrigo Borgia). Pope Paul III was the founder, through an illegitimate son, of the ducal house of Parma, which reigned there from 1545 to 1731; its eventual heiress, Elisabetta Farnese, married Philip V, King of Spain, and was also an ancestress of numerous later Catholic sovereigns. Pope Paul III also approved the decree establishing the order of the Jesuits, introduced the Inquisition into Italy, convened the Council of [149] Trent (and thus initiated the Counter-Reformation), was a major patron of Michelangelo, and excommunicated Henry VIII of England, his fifth cousin, after Henry’s divorce from Catherine of Aragon, break with Rome and declaration of himself as “Supreme Head” of the Church of England. Thus Pope Paul III, known for his nepotism, is a contributing figure to Anglicanism, the Renaissance, the Counter-Reformation, and the Jesuits.

    I shall conclude this year-long NEXUS tribute to Italy, Italian-Americans, and the “discovery of America” in 1492 by Genoese native Christopher Columbus, by noting the Woodville, and thus Orsini, descents of over 15 immigrants to the American colonies. These descents are, I believe, the closest genealogical ties between Renaissance Italy and pre-nineteenth century America. Among major sponsors of American colonies, Sir Ferdinando Gorges, Lord Proprietor of Maine and generally known as its founder even though he never immigrated, was a seventh-generation descendant, via Gorges and Poyntz, of Anthony Woodville, 2nd Earl Rivers, brother of the queen. Before her marriage to Edward IV, Elizabeth Woodville married Sir John Grey, son of the heiress of the barons Ferrers of Groby, and left a son, Thomas Grey, 1st Marquess of Dorset (d. 1501). Dorset’s immigrant descendants to New England included Elizabeth Bosvile, wife of Roger Harlakenden and Harvard treasurer Herbert Pelham (via Bosvile and Greville); and John Jones of Boston (via Jones, Bluet, and Blount). Among the American progeny of these last, Elizabeth Pelham, a great-granddaughter of Herbert and Elizabeth, married colonial architect Peter Harrison, designer of King’s Chapel, Boston (1749-54), Christ Church, Cambridge (1761), the Redwood Library in Newport, R.I. (1748-50), and the Synagogue, also in Newport (1762-63); and Isabella Pratt Welles, a great-granddaughter of John Jones, married Horatio Hollis Hunnewell, noted Boston banker, railroad executive, horticulturalist and benefactor of Wellesley, Massachusetts, named for his wife’s family. Among the great-grandchildren, in turn, of H. H. and Isabella Hunnewell is former Massachusetts governor Francis Williams Sargent [III].

    Jacquette, wife of John Strange, 8th Baron Strange of Knokyn,. was said by the great antiquarian Sir William Dugdale to be a sister of Queen Elizabeth Woodville and the fourth daughter of their parents, a claim generally accepted since. Joan Strange, Jacquette’s daughter, married George Stanley, generally known as Baron Strange, eldest son of Thomas Stanley, 1st Earl of Derby. New England immigrants descended from Joan and George include Joshua Henshaw of Dorchester (very probably, although his line may go through one illegitimacy, noted below) and John Nelson of Boston, noted fur trader and proponent of English rule in Canada. A nephew of Nova Scotia governor Sir Thomas Temple, Nelson had a sister Margaret who is alleged to have married Rev. Thomas Teackle of Accomack County, Virginia. Among Henshaw’s descendants was a great-great grandson, David Henshaw, Jr., Massachusetts Democratic politician and Secretary of the Navy, 1843-44. Nelson himself was noted in a previous “Notable Kin” column (NEXUS 5[1988]:208-10) as an ancestor of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt. Finally among immigrants to New England of Woodville and Orsini descent I list below Robert Traill of Portsmouth, N. H., brother-in-law of “signer” Matthew Whipple, Jr. and matrilineal great-grandfather of James Russell Lowell. Trail’s likely descent - a full monograph would be welcome - from James V, King of Scots, a great-grandson of Queen Elizabeth Woodville of England, is covered in NEXUS 6(1989):203, 205-6, and summarized below.

    In addition to the above immigrants to New England, Roman Orsinis and English Woodvilles were also ancestors of various immigrants to the South. Those I wish to consider include Mrs. Ursula St. Leger Horsmanden, whose granddaughter married the first William Byrd of Westover and left a sizable number of notable descendants associated with Virginia’s “plantation aristocracy”; Ursula’s sister, Mrs. Katherine St. Lager Colepepper (Culpeper), whose daughter Frances married three colonial governors, including Sir William Berkeley; St. Leger Codd of both Virginia and Maryland, a nephew of Ursula and Katherine; and Governor Edward Digges of Virginia, a second cousin of the St. Leger sisters and also an ancestor of numerous “planter-derived” notables, including Roman Catholic prelate John Carroll and the wife of “signer” Charles Carroll of Carrollton. The mutual great-grandmother of the St. Leger sisters and Digges was herself the great-granddaughter of another Woodville sister, Catherine, wife of Humphrey Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham. Another Southern immigrant descendant of the Duchess of Buckingham was Mrs. Alicia Arnold Ross of Maryland, wife of John Ross, cousin (via Lowes) of the Calverts, and great-grandmother of Francis Scott Key, author of “The Star-Spangled Banner” and of his sister, Anne Phoebe Charlton Key, wife of Chief Justice Roger Brooke Taney. John Alston of South Carolina, a first cousin once removed of John Nelson and also descended from Jacquette Woodville, Lady Strange, was a great-grandfather of both “signer” Thomas Lynch, Jr., of that state and painter and poet Washington Allston, a great-great granddaughter, Rebecca Motte Alston, married U.S. senator Robert Young Hayne, the orator who debated Daniel Webster in 1830. William Bladen, colonial publisher and attorney-general of Maryland, also descended from Lady Strange - via Fairfaxes and Sheffields - was an ancestor of Taskers, Lowndeses, Stodderts, Ewells, Gantts, Bowies, Dulanys and Ogles of Maryland. James Kinloch of South Carolina, son of a Scottish baronet and also descended from an illegitimate son of James V of Scots, was an ancestor of Kinlochs, Hugers, and Middletons among the “rice planters” of Charleston, and of Nelsons of Virginia. Ancestors of much smaller groups of noted Southerners include Thomas Wingfield of Virginia, a descendant of Queen Elizabeth Woodville via Greys, Willoughbys, Paulets and Cromwells; and another Scottish immigrant (also the son of a baronet and descendant of an illegitimate son of James V) - George Home of Virginia, the surveyor who trained George Washington.

    [150] Thus we outline below a descent that links the Magna Charta and baronial opposition to English kings, the Italian Renaissance (Florence, Parma, the papacy, the Reformation and Counter-Reformation, and the Jesuits), late Plantagenet and Tudor kings, Anglicanism, the founding of Maine, and colonists to both New England and the South, whose own progeny includes “signers” (or their wives), statesmen, and one U.S. president (FDR). A bit of awe and wonder may not be amiss. In the following outline the descents from King John to the Cromwells, Farnese and Medici, including the two queens of France, follows the format used in the column on J. E. Oglethorpe and the kings of Italy (NEXUS 9:62-65). Dates are in years only (note that a few marriages were contracted when both parties were children), and generation numbers are from King John. The lines from colonial immigrants to Queen Elizabeth Woodville or her siblings follow the usual format of this column - the name and colony of the immigrant, together with a brief description of his career, if notable, followed by parents, one set of grandparents, great-grandparents, etc., back to the Woodville; as always, semi-colons separate generations.

    1. John (“Lackland”), King of England (1167-1216, King 1199-1216) = (2) 1200 Isabel of Angoul#me(d. 1246)
    2. Eleanor Plantagenet (ca. 1215-75) = (2) 1239 Simon de Montfort, 2nd Earl of Leicester (ca. 1208-65), the rebel leader and commander
    3. Guy de Montfort, Count of Nola (ca. 1243-ca. 1288) = (1) Margherita Aldobrandeschi
    4. Anastasia de Montfort, Countess of Nola = 1293 Romano Orsini, Count of Nola, Senator of Rome 1326
    5. Roberto Orsini, Count of Nola (d. ca. 1350) Sueva del Balzo
    6. Nicola Orsini, Count of Nola (1331-99) (1) Gorizia Sabrano
    7. Sueva Orsini = 1381 Francesco del Balzo, Duke of Andria (ca. 1330-1404 or 1422)
    8. Margherita del Balzo (1394-1469) = 1405 Pierre I of Luxembourg, Count of St. Pol (1390-1433)
    9. Jacquette of Luxembourg (1415/6-72) = (2) ante 23 March 1436/7 Richard Woodville, 1st Earl Rivers (d. 1469)
    10. Elizabeth Woodville (1437-92) = (1) Sir John Grey, d. 1460/1, (2) 1464 Edward IV, King of England (1442-83, King 1461-70, 1471-83). By (2) she was the mother of 11. Edward V, King of England (1470-83, King 1483) and 11. Richard Plantagenet, Duke of York (1473-83), the princes murdered in the Tower of London, and of 11. Elizabeth Plantagenet of York (1465/6-1502/3), Queen of Henry VII, King of England (1456/7-1509, King 1485-1509, the first Tudor monarch). 12. Henry VIII, King of England (1491-1547, King 1509-47), son of these last, was created “Defender of the Faith” by Pope Leo X, below, his fifth cousin once removed, and was excommunicated (for declaring himself “Supreme Head” of the Church of England) by Pope Paul III below, also a fifth cousin. For the descendants of Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville see the Marquis of Ruvigny and Raineval The Blood Royal of Britain, Being a Roll of the Living Descendants of Edward IV and Henry VII, Kings of England, and James III, King of Scotland (1903) and Arthur C. Addington, The Royal House of Stuart, 3 vols. (1969-76).
    10. Anthony Woodville, 2nd Earl Rivers = (1) Elizabeth Scales; (2) Mary FitzLewis
    10. Jacquette Woodville = John Strange, 8th Baron Strange of Knokyn
    10. Catherine Woodville = (1) Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham; (2) Jasper Tudor, 1st Duke of Bedford, uncle of Henry VII, King of England; (3) Sir Richard Wingfield

    7. Roberto Orsini, fl. 1372-89 (brother of Sueva) = Margherita Sanseverino
    8. Piero Orsini, Count of Nola (d. 1420) =
    9. Giovanella Orsini (1400-25/6) = 1418 Giacomo IV Caetani, Lord of Sermoneta (d. 1433)
    10. Onorato III Caetani, Lord of Sermoneta (1419-79) 1437 Caterina Orsini of Gravina
    11. Giovanella Caetani = Pier Luigi Farnese (d. 1487)
    12. Alessandro Farnese, Pope Paul III (1468-1549, Pope 1534-49), who approved the decree establishing the Order of Jesuits (1540), introduced the Inquisition into Italy, and convened the Council of Trent (1545); patron of Michelangelo; founder of the ducal family of Parma (through his illegitimate son, Pier Luigi Farnese, Duke of Piacenza and Parma); d. unm.
    12. Giulia (Julia) Farnese, mistress of Pope Alexander VI (Rodrigo Lanzol y Borja, italianized to Borgia, ca. 1431-1503, Pope 1492-1503) = Giulio Orsini of Bracciano

    6. Anastasia Orsini (sister of Nicola) = 1342 Giordana Orsini, Lord of Monterotando, fl. 1339-67
    7. Francesco Orsini, Lord of Manterotondo, fl. 1355-1404 = 1350 Costanza Annibaldeschi
    8. Orso Orsini, Lord of Monterotondo, d. 1424 = Lucrezia Conti
    9. Giacomo Orsini, Lord of Montewtondo, fl. 1425-82 = Maddalena Orsini, daughter of Carlo Orsmr, Lord of Bracciano (fl. 1417-45) & Paola Orsini, daughter of Giacomo Orsini, Count of Tagliacozzo (fl. 1398-1431) (& Isabella di Marzano), son of Giovanni Orsini, Lord of Tagliacozzo (fl. 1347-90) & Nicoletta Orsini, daughter of Genthe Orsini (fl. 1358) (& Gentilina ), son of Guido Orsini, Count of Soana (d. ca. 1348) (& Agostina della Ghemtdesca), son of Romano Orsini, Count of Nola & Anastasia de Montfort, above
    10. Clarice Orsini (1450/51-88), a fourth cousin of Queen Elizabeth Woodville and her siblings = Lorenzo I de’ Medid, “the Magnificent” (1449-92), virtual ruler of the Florentine Republic, 1469-92, Renaissance patron

    [151]

    11. Giovanni de’ Medici, Pope Leo X (1475-1521, Pope 1513-21, a fifth cousin of Elizabeth Plantagenet, Queen of Henry VI), Renaissance patron, of Raphael especially, during whose papacy Martin Luther posted his 95 Theses at Wittenberg d. unm.
    11. Piero de’ Medici (1471-1503, elder brother of Pope Leo X) = 1487 Alfonsina Orsini (1472-1520), daughter of Roberto Orsini, Count of Pacentro (d. 1476) (& Caterina Sanseverino), son of Carlo Orsini, Lord of Bracciano & Paola Orsini of Tagliacozzo, see above #9
    12. Lorenzo II de’ Medici, Duke of Urbino (1492-1519) = 1518 Madeleine de la Tour d’Auvergne (d. 1519), a first cousin twice removed of both Mary, Queen of Scots and Henry IV, King of France
    13. Catherine de’ Medici (1519-89, Regent of France, 1560-63) = 1533 Henry II. King of France (1518-59, King 1547-59). Catherine de’ Medici exerted considerable, often dominating influence during the reigns of her three sons (Francis II, Charles IX and Henry III, 1559-89).

    11. Lucrezia de’ Medici (1470-post 1550, elder sister of Pope Leo X) = 1488 Jacopo (Giacomo) Salviati (1461-1533)
    12. Maria Salviati (1499-1543) = 1516 Giovanni de’ Medici, “delle Bande Nere” (1498-1526), a cousin, condottiere (soldier) in the service of Florence and the papacy
    13. Cosimo I de’ Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (1519-74) = 1539 Leonora Alvarez de Toledo (1522-62), first cousin of Fernando Alvarez de Toledo, 3rd Duke of Alba, governor of the Spanish Netherlands
    14. Francesco I Maria de’ Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (1541-87) = (1) 1565 Joanna, Archduchess of Austria (1547-78), daughter of Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor, & Anna of Bohemia and Hungary
    15. Marie de’ Medici (1575-1642 Regent of France 1610-17) = 1600 Henry IV, King of France (1553-1610, King of Navarre from 1572 of France from 1589)

    1. Sir Ferdinando Gorges (ca. 1565-1647), Lord Proprietor of the Province of Maine: Edward Gorges & Cecily Lygon; Edmund Gorges & Anne Walsh; Sir Edward Gorges & Mary Poyntz; Sir Anthony Poyntz & Elizabeth Huddersfield; Sir Robert Poyntz & Margaret Woodville; (illegitimate) Anthony Woodville, 2nd Earl Rivers, by Gwenlian Stradling.
    2. Elizabeth Bosvile of Mass., wife of Roger Harlakenden and Herbert Pelham (ca. 1600-73), first treasurer of Harvard College: Godfrey Bosvile & Margaret Grevile; Sir Edward Grevile & Jane Grey; Lord John Grey & Mary Browne; Thomas Grey, 2nd Marquess of Dorset, & Margaret Wotton; Thomas Grey, 1st Marquess of Dorset, & Cecily Bonville; Sir John Grey & Elizabeth Woodville, later Queen of Edward IV.
    3. Joshua Henshaw (ca. 1643-post 1701) of Mass.: William Henshaw & Katherine Houghton; Evan Houghton & Ellen Parker, Richard Houghton & Margaret Stanley, who was possibly illegitimate; Henry Stanley of Bickerstrath, Lancashire, whose wife was Margaret Stanley; Sir James Stanley & Anne Hart (parents of Henry); George Stanley, Baron Strange, & Joan Strange; John Strange, 8th Baron Strange of Knokyn, & Jacquette Woodville.
    4. John Nelson (1654-1734) of Boston, fur trader, statesman, and his possible sister, Margaret Nelson of Virginia, wife of Rev. Thomas Teackle: Robert Nelson & Mary Temple, sister of Sir Thomas Temple, proprietor and governor of Nova Scotia; Sir John Temple & Dorothy Lee; Edmund Lee & Dorothy Browne; Hon. Anthony Browne & Mary Dormer, Anthony Browne, 1st Viscount Montagu, & Jane Radcliffe; Robert Radcliffe, 1st Earl of Sussex, & Margaret Stanley; Thomas Stanley, 2nd Earl of Deity, & Anne Hastings; George Stanley, Baron Strange, & Joan Strange, see #3 above.
    5. John Jones (1708-72) of Boston: William Jones & Martha Smith; Cadwallader Jones & Elizabeth Creswick; Cadwallader Jones & Anne Bluet; John Bluet & Elizabeth Portman; Arthur Bluet & Joan Lancaster, Richard Bluet & Mary Chichester, John Bluet & Dorothy Blount; William Blount, 4th Baron Mountjoy & Dorothy Grey; Thomas Grey, 1st Marquess of Dorset, & Cecily Bonville, see #2 above.
    6. Robert Traill (post 1715-1785) of N. H.: William Traill & Isabel Fea; William Traill & Barbara Balfour; George Balfour & Marjorie Baikie; Patrick Balfour & Barbara Moodie; Francis Moodie & Margaret Stewart, James Stewart of Graemsay & ___ (illegitimate) Robert Stewart. 1st Earl of Orkney, by Janet Robertson; (illegitimate) James V, King of Scots, by Eupheme Elphinstone; James IV, King of Scots & Margaret Tudor of England; Henry VII, King of England & Elizabeth Plantagenet of York.

    7-9. Ursula St. Leger (ca. 1609-72) of Virginia, wife of Rev. Daniel Horsmanden Sir Warham St. Lager & Mary Hayward; Sir Anthony St Lager & Mary Scott; Sir Warham St Lager & Ursula Neville; George Neville, 3rd Baron Abergavenny, & Mary Stafford; Edward Stafford, 3rd Duke of Buckingham, & Eleanor Percy; Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham & Catherine Woodville. Warham Horsmanden of Charles City Co., Va., Ursula’s son, married Susanna Beeching and was the father of Mary Horsmanden, wife of Samuel Filmer and William Byrd I. Katherine St. Leger (d. ca. 1658) of Virginia, Ursula’s sister, married Thomas Colepepper (Culpeper) among their children was Frances Colepepper (Culpeper), wife of Samuel Stephens, governor of N.C., Sir William Berkeley, governor of Va., and Philip Ludwell, governor of N.C. and S.C. Mary St. Leger, another sister of Ursula, married William Codd and was the mother of St. Leger Codd (d. 1706/7) of Va. and Md.

    [152]

    10. Edward Digges (1621-75/6), governor of Virginia: Sir Dudley Digges, diplomat and judge, & Mary Kempe; Thomas Digges, mathematician, & Anne St. Lager, Sir Warham St Leger & Ursula Neville, see #7 above.
    11. Thomas Wingfield (ca. 1670-1720) of Virginia: John Wingfield & Mary Owen; Sir John Wingfleld & Frances Cromwell; Edward Cromwell, 3rd Baron Cromwell, & Frances Rugge; Henry Cromwell, 2nd Baron Cromwell & Mary Paulet; John Paulet~, 2nd Marquess of Winchester, & Elizabeth Willoughby; Robert Willoughby, 2nd Baron Willoughby de Broke, & Dorothy Grey, who = (2) William Blount, 4th Baron Mountjoy, see #5 above.
    12. George Home (1698-1760) of Virginia: Sir George Home, 3rd Bt., & Margaret Home; Sir Patrick Home, 1st Bt. & Jean Dalmahoy (parents of Margaret); Sir John Home & Margaret Stewart, John Stewart & Margaret Home; Francis Stewart, 1st Earl of Bothwell, & Margaret Douglas; John Stewart, Prior of Coldingham, & Jean Hepburn; (illegitimate) James V. King of Scots, see #6 above, by Elizabeth Carmichael.
    13. William Bladen (1673-1718), colonial publisher, attorney-general of Maryland: Nathaniel Bladen & Isabella Fairfax; Sir William Fairfax Parliamentary general in the English Civil War, & Frances Chaloner; Sir Philip Fairfax & Frances Sheffield; Edmund Sheffield, 1st Earl of Mulgrave & Ursula Tyrwhit; John Sheffield, 2nd Baron Sheffield, & Douglas Howard; Edmund Sheffield, 1st Baron Sheffield, & Anne Vere; Sir Robert Sheffield & Jane Stanley; George Stanley, Baron Strange, & Joan Strange, see #3 above.
    14. Alicia Arnold (1700-46) of Maryland, wife of John Ross: Michael Arnold, Jr. & Anne Knipe; Rev. Thomas Knipe, headmaster of Westminster School, & Anne Wolseley; Sir Thomas Wolseley & Elizabeth Zouche; Sir John Zouche & Isabel Lowe; Sir John Zouche & Mary Berkeley; Henry Berkeley, Baron Berkeley, & Catherine Howard; Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey, the poet & Frances Vere; Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk & Elizabeth Stafford; Edward Stafford, 3rd Duke of Buckingham, & Eleanor Percy, see #s7-9 above.
    15. John Alston (1668-1719) of S.C.: William Alston & Thomasine Brooke; John Alston & Dorothy Temple; Sir John Temple & Dorothy Lee, see #4 above.
    16. James Kinloch (ca. 1683-1757) of S.C.: Sir Francis Kinloch, 2nd Bt., & Mary Leslie; David Leslie, 1st Baron Newark, Parliamentary general in the English Civil War, & Joan Yorke; Patrick Leslie, 1st Baron Lindores, & Jean Stewart; Robert Stewart, 1st Earl of Orkney, see #6 above, & Janet Kennedy.

    SOURCES

    A. King John to Orsinis Medicis, the Famese, Popes Leo X and Paul III, and Woodviles:

    Burke’s Guide to the Royal Family,
    1st ed. (1973), pp. 195-96 (King John); Vicary Gibbs et al., eds., The Complete Peerage, rev. ed., 14 vols. (1910-59, henceforth CP), article on Simon de Montfort, 2nd Earl of Leicester (7 11929] :543-47); Dictionary of National Biography, henceforth DNB, for Guy de Montfort, Count of Nola esp.; Sir Bernard Burke, A Genealogical History of the Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited and Extinct Peerages of the British Empire, new ed. (1883), pp. 376-77 (an unreliable work, useful, however, for the Montforts), and W. H. Turton, The Plantagenet Ancestry (1928, repr. 1968), pp. 3, 224 (also an unreliable work, correct in the descent of Elizabeth Woodville from Orsinis [“des Ursins” ]); The Genealogist (henceforth TG) 3(1982):176-77, 4(1983): 149, 5(1984):65, 6 (1985):150, 9 (1988):42 (Orsini to del Balzo, Luxembourg, and Woodville); Conte Pompeo Litta, Famiglie Celebri Italiane, vol. 7(1844), 62 (Orsini di Roma), tables 7,9-11, 16, 19, 23, vol. 9 (1868), 140 (Farnese, Duchi di Parma), tables 7, 10, vol. 2(1825), 17 (Medici di Firenze), tables 9, 11-13; W. K., Prinz von Isenburg, Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der Europaischen Staaten, vol.2 (1936, repr. 1953), tables 121) and 127 (Medici, Famese); TG 2 (1981): 162-64, 166, 3 (1982): 28-29, 3940, 186-87, 5(1984):227, 236-37 (Orsini of Monterotondo to Marie de’ Medici); Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels, F
    ürstliche Häuser, vol. 5 (1959), p. 396 (Caetani) and G.13.A. Caetani, Caietanorum Genealogica (1920). Litta’s great set, the bibliographical base for this column, is part of the superb collection of continental works given to NEHGS by John Hutchinson Cook.

    B. Immigrants to Woodville Siblings:

    1. Gorges: Raymond Gorges, The Story of a Family Through Eleven Generations, Being a History of the Gorges Family (1944), chart in back esp.; Sir John MacLean, Historical and Genealogical Memoir of the Family of Poyntz (1886, repr. 1983), pp. 65,95 esp.
    2. Mrs. Pelham: F. L. Weis, W. L. Sheppard, Jr., and David Fans, Magna Charta Sureties, 1215, 4th ed. (1991, henceforth MCS4), line 95 and sources cited therein; Sir Egerton Brydges, ed., Collins’ Peerage of England, vol.4 (1812), p. 342 (Grevile) and any modem Burke’s Peerage, henceforth BP (Grevile, later Earls of Warwick, and Greys, later Earls of Stamford); CP (Grey of Groby, Dorset, Ferrets of Groby).
    3. Henshaw: Register 22(1868):105-15, repr. in English Origins of New England Families, 2nd ser., henceforth E02 (1985): 2:329-39, esp. the pedigree on 115 (339), which cites a marriage settlement between Richard Houghton and “Margaret, daughter of Henry Stanley of Bickerstagh”; BP (Stanleys, Earls of Derby, Crosshall, Aughton and Bickerstragh cadet line); CP (Derby, Strange and vol. 12 pt. 1, p. 356, note g, on the origin of the identification of Jacquette, Lady Strange, as a sister of Queen Elizabeth Woodville). In 1980 Michael J. Wood reported to W. Charles Barnard that Richard Houghton and his wife enfeoffed Edward, James and William Stanley, sons of Henry of Bickerstragh, with lands in Great Carleton, etc. (William Farrar and John Brownbill, eds., The Victoria History of the County of Lancaster, vol. 3 [1907, repr. 1966], p. 278, note 8, vol. 7 [1913, repr. 19661, p. 230, rote 29). The 1598 will of Henry Stanley of Bickerstragh (Chetham Society Publications 51 [1860]:95-97) mentions no daughter Margaret, so perhaps, like her brother William and despite her forename, she too was illegitimate.
    4, 14. Nelson, Alston: TG 2(1981):123-28 (Nelson) and Lineage Book Descendants of the Illegitimate Sons and Daughters of the Kings of Britain, #212 (Alston) and sources cited in both; CP [153] (Derby, Strange, as per #3 above). For Margaret Nelson of Va., wife of Rev. Thomas Teackle and alleged sister of John Nelson, see also John A.. Upshur, Upshur Family in America (1955), pp. 24-25.
    5. Jones: Register 113(1959):216-21 (repr. in E02:2: 570-75); J. L. Vivian, The Visitations of the County of Devon (1895), pp. 93-94 (Bluet); 102 (Blount, Grey); CP (Mountjoy, Dorset, Ferrers of Groby).
    6. Traill:NEXUS 6(1989):21)6, Traill, Spence, Balfour, Moodie and Stewart sources listed under J. R. Lowell (a thorough monograph on the Trail descent from James V, King of Scots, would be welcome), plus TG2 (1981): 164-65, 3(1982):25-26, 33, 176-77.
    7-9. Horsmanden, Colepepper (Culpeper), Codd: V. M. Meyer and J. F. Dorman, Adventurers of Purse and Person, 3rd ed. (1987, henceforth AP&P), pp. 523-30, MCS4, line 47, DNB (Sir Warham St. Leger) and sources cited in all three; CP (Abergavenny, Buckingham).
    10. Digges: AP&P, pp. 247-50; MCS4, lines 48, 47; CP as above, #7-9.
    11. Wingfield: Genealogies of Virginia Families from the Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, vol. 5 (1981), pp. 822-26, 84041(1952 article by J. G. Herndon); CP (Cromwell, Winchester, Willoughby de Broke, Dorset, Ferrers of Groby).
    12. Home:MCS4, lines 41E and 92B, plus sources cited therein and TG 2-3(1981-82), as per above. See also E.E. Hume, A Colonial Scottish Jacobite Family (1931) and Memorial to George Hume, Esquire (1939).
    13. Bladen: Maryland Genealogies, vol. 1 (1980), pp. 43-47 (1910 and 1913 articles by Christopher Johnson); Joseph Foster, Pedigrees of the County Families of Yorkshire, vol. 1, West Riding (1874), Fairfax pedigree; J.W. Clay, Extinct and Dormant Peerages of the Northern Counties of England (1913), pp. 211)6-7 (Sheffield, but note the CP correction as to the mother of the 1st baron); CP (Mulgrave, Sheffield, Strange).
    14. Mrs. Ross: AP&P, pp. 729-31 and sources cited therein, plus TG 5(1984):148-49, 152; John Smith of Nibley (and Sir John MacLean, ed.), The Lives of the Berkeleys, vol. 2(1883), pp.402-3 esp.; CP (Berkeley, Norfolk Buckingham).
    15. See #4 above.
    16. Kinloch: South Carolina Genealogies, vol. 3 (1983), Pp. 58-59 and BP (Kinloch of Gilmerton, baronets); Sir J. B. Paul, The Scots Peerage, vols. 5(1908), pp. 382-84 (Lindores), 6 (1909), pp. 44042 (Newark), 572-75 (Orkney); TG 2,3(1981-82), as per #6 above.

    C. General:

    For the descents of Popes Innocent XIII and Benedict XIII, for the Colonnas of Paliano and Barberinis of Palestrina, plus the noted descendants of Mrs. Pelham, John Jones, Joshua Henshaw, Governor Digges, Mrs. Ross, John Alston of S.C., William Bladen, and James Kinloch see GB. Roberts, “The Mowbray Connection” (23 vols., mss. at NEHGS, N.Y. Public Library, and the Society of Genealogists in London), continental charts pp. 481-84, American charts pp.7, 1839, Q178, 509, 512 64, 65, 123-25, 61-63, 253, 1964, 2144, plus various references in the bibliography of this work, notably the compendium by Conte Pompeo Litta cited above, and sources listed for early descendants of American immigrants of royal descent.

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