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The purpose of this Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) Project is to develop a genetic “signature” for Elizabeth (Cleeve) (Mitton) Harvey based on mtDNA test results from her matrilineal descendants. By comparing mtDNA from Elizabeth’s proven matrilineal descendants with mtDNA from her probable or possible matrilineal descendants, we can confirm or refute theoretical or ambiguous lines of descent that have been developed through conventional genealogical research. Elizabeth was the daughter of George1 Cleeve, an early settler and founder of Portland, Maine who served as the Deputy President of the Province of Lygonia from 1643 until the final submission of its Maine towns to Massachusetts in 1658. Elizabeth was first married to Michael1 Mitton; she was subsequently married to Peter Harvey. In alphabetical order by given name, the proven, probable and possible daughters of Elizabeth (Cleeve) (Mitton) Harvey were:
The first project participant who can provide a well-documented line of matrilineal descent from Elizabeth (Cleeve) (Mitton) Harvey may be eligible to join the project for free! The first project participant who can provide a well-documented line of matrilineal descent specifically from Elizabeth’s possible daughter, Dorcas (Mitton) Andrews, may also be eligible to join the project for free! Because mtDNA is only transmitted along maternal (or umbilical) lines of inheritance, the only male descendants of Elizabeth (Cleeve) (Mitton) Harvey eligible for participation in this project are those whose mothers have known, probable or possible unbroken lines of matrilineal descent from Elizabeth.
Elizabeth (Cleeve) (Mitton) Harvey was the daughter of George1 Cleeve and she is usually—but probably incorrectly—identified as the daughter of George’s second known wife, Joan Price. There is reason to think that Elizabeth’s mother may actually have been an earlier and as-yet unidentified wife of George1 Cleeve. Elizabeth’s daughter, Dorcas (Mitton) Andrews, may have been born as early as 1626 (see details further below); if so, Elizabeth was born before George Cleeve married Joan Price in 1618 and probably before George Cleeve married Alice (―) Abrook in 1612. Neither Alice nor Joan was honored by the names of Elizabeth’s daughters, as listed above, but Anne was apparently the name of George Cleeve’s mother. For more information, please refer to the message threads linked-to below:
In similar fashion, there is uncertainty as to whether or not Elizabeth (Cleeve) (Mitton) Harvey was the mother of Dorcas (Mitton) Andrews. Per Robert J. Dunkle (“The Andrews-Cogswell-Page Bible,” The Genealogist, 3: 45-95), Dorcas (Mitton) Andrews, wife of James Andrews, was buried in the Old Granary Burial Ground, Boston, in 1695, aged 69; if so, she was born about 1626. Michael Mitton was reportedly married to Elizabeth Cleeves after his arrival in Maine about 1637; if so, Elizabeth could not have been Dorcas’s mother. However, Dorcas’s maternity is ambiguous, given the ambiguity associated with the age etched on Dorcas’ grave marker. According to Ogden Codman (Gravestone Inscriptions And Records of Tomb Burials In the Granary Burying Ground, Boston, Mass. Salem, Mass.: The Essex institute, 1918.), the age stated on her grave marker is 60, rather than 69; if so, she was born about 1635. Given the general lack of precision in tracking one’s own age in that era, if Dorcas (Mitton) Andrews was actually born after Michael Mitton immigrated, it remains possible that Elizabeth (Cleeve) (Mitton) Harvey was her mother.
Obviously, we need to have mtDNA results from matrilineal descendants from each of Elizabeth’s known, probable or possible daughters in order to clarify ambiguities that will never be resolved through conventional genealogical research alone. If an mtDNA-based approach to confirming or refuting theories developed through conventional genealogical research sounds far-fetched, rest assured that it has already been done! For a history-making application of mtDNA testing, please see the following article:
Perry Streeter and Mike Morrissey, “Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) Testing of Probable Eighth Cousins Confirms Their Kinship and Proves Their Matrilineal Lines of Descent from Aeltje Cornelis (Cool) (Van Couwenhoven) Stoothoff; Simultaneously Proving Two Long-Held Theories Developed Sequentially Through Conventional Research; Mary (Updike) Richey of Greenwood, Steuben County, New York Was a Heretofore Unidentified Daughter of Roliph5 Updike (John4, Lawrence3, Johannes2, Louris1 Jansen); Eleanor5 “Nelly” Lane (Gizebert4, Mathias3, Gysbrecht2 Laenen, Matthys1 Jansen) Was the Heretofore Unidentified Wife of Roliph5 Updike” (New Netherland Connections; April, May, June 2005; Volume 10, Number 2).
For more information, please visit http://www.perrystreeter.com/cleeve/mtdna/
Dorcas (MITTON) ANDREWS is now represented in the CLEEVE Matrilineal DNA Project for Elizabeth (CLEEVE) (MITTON) HARVEY and her umbilical descendants.We need to have mtDNA results from umbilical descendants from each of Elizabeth 's known, probable or possible daughters in order to clarify ambiguities that will never be resolved through conventional genealogical research alone.Are you eligible for participation? Regardless of your gender, if each and every ancestor in your line of descent from Elizabeth (CLEEVE) (MITTON) HARVEY is female, then you are eligible! If you are not eligible, please consider identifying your closest aunt, uncle or cousin who does have an unbroken umbilical line of descent from Elizabeth (Cleeve) (Mitton) Harvey and asking that person to represent your branch of the family tree.For more information on the project, please see...http://www.perrystreeter.com/cleeve/mtdna/
Dorcas, wife of James-2 ANDREWS (Samuel-1), is frequently but incorrectly identified as a daughter of Michael-1 & Elizabeth (CLEEVE) MITTON, thanks in part to the following source:
Robert J. Dunkle, “The Andrews–Cogswell–Page Bible,” Genealogist 3 (1982): 45-95
John Brooks Threlfall, Twenty-six great migration colonists to New England & their origins (Madison, Wisconsin: John Brooks Threlfall, 1993) has been digitized and is accessible via FamilySearch.org. The specific URL for the PDF is...
Critical corrections to Dunkle from Threlfall include the following:
* It was James-3 ANDREWS (James-2, Samuel-1) who married Sarah-2 MITTON (Michael-1).
* Sarah-2 (MITTON) ANDREWS died without issue so the identity of the second wife of James-3 ANDREWS (and the mother of his daughter, Jemima) is unknown.
* Michael-1 & Elizabeth (CLEEVE) MITTON had no daughter named Dorcas.
* The origins of Dorcas, wife of James-2 ANDREWS (Samuel-1), are unknown.
For other corrections to Dunkle, see also:
* David L. Greene, FASG, “Correspondence,” Genealogist 3 (1982): 263-4
* Nathaniel Lane Taylor, FASG, “the bearth of all my Children was... (Andrews–Mackworth),” (15 December 200, an entry in his blog, A Genealogist’s Sketchbook (http://nltaylor.net/sketchbook/archives/210)
Unfortunately, Robert Charles Anderson, George F. Sanborn Jr., and Melinde Lutz Sanborn, The Great Migration: Immigrants to New England, 1634–1635, 7 vols. (Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1999–2011), 1:56-8 did not include any of Greene’s corrections or Threlfall’s corrections to Dunkle (which were available) nor any of Taylor’s corrections to Dunkle (which were not yet available).
I am sharing these corrections with you and many others in hopes that awareness of the same will ultimately lead to identifying the true origins of Dorcas (-----) ANDREWS. Consequently, the purpose and scope of the "Cleeve mtDNA" Project has been revised to focus exclusively on Dorcas (-----) ANDREWS and her umbilical descendants. For more information, please visit the new project page at...
Perry Streeter (firstname.lastname@example.org)