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  • #5 Royal Descents, Notable Kin, and Printed Sources: The "Connecticut Yankee" and His Migrations North and West

    Gary Boyd Roberts

    Published Date : May 23, 1986
    My "thoughts" this week consist of a three-page hand-out, which appears in full below, for "The Connecticut Yankee and his Migrations West and North," the topic of my first lecture at our summer conference in Farmington. The hand-out for my other lecture - a bibliographic survey of Boston Brahmins and Providence and Newport Quakers - is much longer. This is our third visit to Farmington and the seminar is scheduled for Friday and Saturday, July 17th and 18th at the Hartford Marriott Hotel in Farmington. There are still places available and I hope many readers will consider coming. For further information call us toll-free 1-888-At NEHGS. (286-3447), or check this homepage under education. Hotel rooms are available for $79.00 per night plus tax. Other speakers will include David C. Dearborn, Jerome E. Anderson, D. Brenton Simons, Henry B. Hoff, George F. Sanborn, Jr., and Jane Fletcher Fiske from the NEHGS staff, plus Patricia Law Hatcher on "Producing a Quality Family History," and dinner speaker Judson D. Hale on "Secrets of The Old Famers’ Almanac." Six land platting workshops complete the program.

    I hope readers of my last four columns will not mind this variation in format; other pass-outs may be used in the future as well. The examples below are taken from my various "Notable Kin" columns.

    Farmington, Conn., Friday, 17 July 1998

    I. Variations on a Theme:My other Connecticut lectures at Farmington weekend seminars

    1. Printed or readily available sources for the "Connecticut Core" [bounded by Hartford/Windsor/Wethersfield/Farmington, New Haven/Guilford/Milford/ Fairfield, New London and Woodstock (1994)
    2. 17th Century Hartford and New Haven Families: A Bibliographical Survey (1996)

    II. Connecticut Yankee ("Yankee" an Indian-derived late 18th-century term, sometimes derisive, for New Englanders or Northerners generally) – Migrating Connecticut or Connecticut Valley natives (beyond Hartford, New Haven, Springfield or Northampton)

    III. Four Sections of New England – 40, 30, 20, 10

    1. Connecticut and the Connecticut [River] Valley
    2. Salem – Boston Brahmins-China Trade prosperity, "Flowering of New England" (an American literature, poetry, history, antiquarianism and genealogy), Unitarianism, abolition, feminism (esp. female education), public schools
    3. "Quaker-Pilgrim arc" (Rhode Island, New Bedford, and whaling, Plymouth, Bristol and Barnstable cos., Cape Cod, Martha’s Vineyard and Nantucket), in early 18th century to Philadelphia, Virginia, N.C., (esp. Guilford), later to Ohio, Indiana, and California
    4. Northern New England (north of Boston) – Essex Co., Mass., N.H. and Maine in 17th century, Vermont and Maritime Canada (esp. Nova Scotia) later

    IV. Connecticut Yankee Migration Waves

    1. 17th Century: Remainder of eastern and central Connecticut, partial settlement of Long Island and northern New Jersey (esp. Newark)
    2. Immediately Pre- and Post-Revolutionary: Nova Scotia (among Canadian PMs, Sir R.L. Borden [great-grandson of a Denison] and Sir R.B. Bennett, 1st Viscount Bennett [son of a Stiles] were of Connecticut ancestry), Vermont (on the west side of the Connecticut River; Ethan Allen, a native of Litchfield, Conn., was a second cousin seven times removed of the late Princess of Wales), southwestern N.H. (on the lower east side of the Connecticut River)
    3. The Great Trek West, 1770-1900: Upstate N.Y., western Pennsylvania, Western Reserve and Ohio, Michigan, Illinois, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa and Kansas (esp. Cleveland, Chicago, Detroit, and Minneapolis), Oregon in 1840s, California Gold Rush, Mormons in Utah, Colorado mining. Examples, among presidents and tycoons:

        Upstate New York:Fillmore (three grandparents b. Franklin or Harwinton, Conn.) and Cleveland (father b. Norwich, Conn.) (both also of Buffalo)
        Cleveland: Rockefellers (paternal grandmother of J.D. and William an Avery of Groton, Conn., later Aldrich of R.I., McCormick of Chicago, Clark and Fitler of Philadelphia, Percy of Illinois, Stillman of New York City, Proxmire of Wisconsin marriages). Note also Ohio presidents -- Grant (paternal grandfather b. Tolland, Conn.), Hayes (three grandparents b. Branford, Mansfield and Suffield, Conn.) and Harding (some New London ancestry, via Susquehanna Co., Penn.) – and the late Princess of Wales (Coventry, Conn. to Chillicothe, Ohio)
        Chicago::Marshall Fields (of RD Bressie ancestry); Mrs. Cyrus Hall McCormick (Nancy Maria Fowler, of Stonington, Conn. descent), Mrs. Levi Zeigler Leiter (Mary Theresa Carver, of Lathrop and Hyde of Norwich descent)
        Detroit: Mrs. William Clay Ford (Martha Parke Firestone, daughter of Harvey Samuel Firestone, Jr., tire tycoon, of Toledo, Ohio, and Elizabeth Parke of the RD Stonington family)
        Minneapolis:Mrs. Charles Stinson Pillsbury (Helen Pendleton Winston – Lyman, Parsons, Strong and Pomeroy Northampton ancestry of her maternal grandmother Frances Helen Miller; see M.L. Holman’s Stevens-Miller genealogy)
        San Francisco, post-Gold Rush: Charles Crocker (paternal grandparents b. Colchester and Milford, Conn.); Collis Potter Huntington (b. Harwinton, Conn.); Mrs. Leland Stanford (Jane Eliza Lathrop, also of Lathrop and Hyde of Norwich descent, a second cousin once removed of Mrs. Levi Zeigler Leiter, above)
        Salt Lake City: Mormon founder Joseph Smith, Jr. and Emma Hale (see Smith-Hale genealogy) – his maternal grandparents b. Lyme and East Haddam, Conn., her parents b. Waterbury and Litchfield, Conn. <LIVVia Connecticut and often Yale to New York City, Wall Street, and Newport
      1. Jason (Jay) Gould – of Fairfield, Conn. ancestry
      2. John Pierpont Morgan – b. Hartford
      3. James Stillman (CitiBank) – of Wethersfield, Conn. ancestry
      4. Charles Lewis Tiffany (jeweler) – b. Killingly (son Lewis Comfort Tiffany was the glassmaker)
      5. Cushing sisters: Barbara (m. [2] William Samuel Paley, of CBS), Betsey (m. [2] John Hay Whitney), Mary Benedict (m. [William] Vincent Astor), of RD Bressie and Trowbridge of New Haven ancestry
      6. Mrs. Jack Isidor Straus (Macy’s) – Margaret Shelton Hollister, granddaughter of a Trowbridge
      7. Mrs. Cornelius Vanderbilt II – Alice Claypoole Gwynne of The Breakers (and Cincinnati) – granddaughter of Henry Collins Flagg, Jr., mayor of New Haven
      8. Mrs. William Collins Whitney – Flora Payne (1st wife) of Cleveland, also of Avery of Groton and RD Bressie ancestry
    4. Pre-Civil War strays to Deep South, Austin’s Colony (and Republic of Texas), much executive transfer to Sun Belt (esp. Miami, Atlanta, Houston, Dallas-Fort Worth, Phoenix, Los Angeles; examples – George H.W. Bush Sr. and Jr.). Among "Molders and Mythologizers of the American West" are gunmakers Samuel Colt (b. Hartford), Eliphalet Remington (b. Suffield, Conn.), hatmaker John Batterson Stetson (parents b. Norwich and Southport, Conn.), homestead advocate Galusha Aaron Grow (b. Ashford, Conn.) and painter George Catlin (father b. Litchfield, Conn.). Among Texans are Mrs. Augustus Chapman Allen, the second Mrs. William Marsh Rice (both Charlotte Maria Baldwins), the first Mrs. Howard Robard Hughes, Jr. (Ella Botts Rice) and Mrs. William Stamps Farish Jr. (Libbie Randen Rice), of Houston, Rice University, Hughes Tool, and Exxon, of Goodwin, Stanley, and Warner (Hartford Founders Monument) descent; Moses (b. Durham, Conn.) and Stephen Fuller Austin; and Mrs. Richard King (Henrietta Maria Morse Chamberlain, whose grandfathers were b. Kent and Harwinton, Conn.)
    5. A Few Migration Sources (mostly from David Curtis Dearborn’s bibliography for his lecture "New England Migration to the Midwest")
      • Lois Kimball Mathews Rosenberry, "Migrations from Connecticut Prior to 1800" and "Migrations from Connecticut After 1800," pamphlets 28 and 54 (1934, 1936) published by the Committee on Publications of the Tercentenary Commission of the State of Connecticut (36 and 29 pp., respectively)
      • Stewart H. Holbrook,Yankee Exodus: An Account of Migration from New England (1950)
      • Kenn Stryker-Rodda, ed., Genealogical Research: Methods and Sources, 2nd ed.., vol. 2 (1983), chapters 1-4, 6-8 (Northwest Territory, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, Iowa)

    Appendix I: Connecticut Yankee Inventors

      1. Eli Whitney, Jr.(cotton gin and [gun] manufacture by interchangeable parts) – Yale 1792, factory at Whitneyville, d. New Haven
      2. Samuel Finley Breese Morse, painter (telegraph and Morse code) – Yale 1810, father geographer Jedediah Morse, b. Woodstock, Conn., d. New Haven
      3. Charles Goodyear(vulcanized rubber – tires) - b. New Haven, paternal half of his ancestry fully covered in D.L. Jacobus, Families of Ancient New Haven
      4. Thomas Alva Edison (electric lamp, phonograph, and improved projector) – Baldwin, Crane, Treat and Tapp of Milford and Newark, N.J.
      5. Wilbur & Orville Wright(airplane) – patrilineal great-grandfather b. Lebanon, Conn.
      6. Elisha Graves Otis (elevators) – father b. Colchester, Conn.
      7. George Eastman (camera, film) – maternal grandfather b. East Hartford, Conn.
      8. Lee deForest (radio, TV) – mother b. Ashford, Conn.; Ph.B. Yale 1896, Ph.D. 1899
      9. Willis Haviland Carrier (air conditioning) – patrilineal great-grandfather b. Colchester, Conn. (to Erie Co., N.Y., where WHC was born)

    Appendix II: New Sources for "Pioneer Genealogy" ("The Century of Lost Ancestors," 1750-1850)(see TAG 72 [1997]: 399-402)

      1. Consolidated or abstracted military records – DAR Patriot Index, Centennial Edition (1990); Virgil D. White, Genealogical Abstracts of Revolutionary War Pension Files, 4 vols. (1990) and Index of War of 1812 Pension Files, 3 vols. (1989), Lloyd D. Bockstruck, Revolutionary War Bounty Land Grants Awarded by State Governments (1995) (White’s 4-vol. index of all federal Revolutionary War service records is now at NEHGS)
      2. Census indexes(AIS and Precision Indexing, through 1860, some 1870 and beyond)
      3. Mugbook indexes(for a list, see chapter 8 of J. Carlyle Parker, Going to Salt Lake City to Do Family History Research, 3rd ed., 1996)
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