*****Note: The Ciculating Library is no longer
available at NEHGS.*****
For those with Loyalist ancestors there are materials such as The Camden
Colony or The Seed of the Righteous: A Story of the United Empire Loyalists
by Rev. W. Boaman Tucker, M.A., Ph.D. (Montreal, PQ: John Lovell & Son,
Limited, 1908) [CS90/M55/1908]. This volume focuses on the Miller family with a
narrative that traces the Loyalists back into the origins of Europe.
Thousands of individuals emigrated from Scotland to Canada, with some coming
through England, Ireland, and Wales. Others settled in Canada for a while before
eventually moving on to the United States, Australia, New Zealand, and
elsewhere. Donald Whyte has spent decades researching these individuals. The
result of his work is A Dictionary of Scottish Emigrants to Canada Before
Confederation (Toronto, ON: Ontario Genealogical Society, 1986) [Ref
This fully documented work contains over 12,500 individuals who immigrated to
Canada prior to 1867. Listings are in alphabetical order, and each immigrant is
given a unique identifying number. There is scant information for some
individuals, but the following entries show the level of detail available for
1422 Campbell, John C., d 11 May 1879. From LKS. S/o Daniel C. and
Elizabeth Taylor. To ONT, 1843; later to Saratoga Twp, MN. Weaver. M Mary
Robertson, ch: 1. John Robert, qv; 2. Elizabeth; 3. Joseph; 4. Mary Ann; 5.
Marion. DC 3 Mar 1968.
7122 McKay, John. From Farr, SUT. Bro/o Angus M, qv, Charles M, qv,
and Andrew M, qv. To York Co, ONT, 1836, later to Mariposa Twp, Victoria Co, and
then to Woodville. Storekeeper, later farmer. ch. EC 273.
Checking the list of abbreviations we see that LKS stands for Lanark[shire]
and SUT for Sutherland. The source citations appear at the end of each entry,
and a complete listing of sources is at the end of the volume. The source EC 273
in John McKay’s entry stands for page 273 of Elder Connections by Rae
Fleming (Woodville, 1975). John C. Campbell’s source DC stands for the author’s
Dictionary of Correspondence. This is in reference to a file of letters
received by the author while researching the volume. The date at the end of the
entry indicates the date of the letter.
Whyte has published two additional volumes on Scottish emigrants. Volume 2,
published in 1995, contains information on over 11,200 additional emigrants and
contains updates on individuals who appeared in volume 1, referencing them by
their unique identifier. Volume 3, published in 2002, is much smaller and
contains only 1,820 new entries. This volume contains updates on hundreds of
individuals who appeared in the previous two volumes as well.
Colonel Leonard H. Smith, Jr. and Norma H. Smith have published a two-volume
set of materials entitled Nova Scotia Immigrants to 1867 (Baltimore, MD:
Genealogical Publishing Company, 1992-1994) [CS88/N64/S51/1992]. The first
volume is split into two parts: information culled from manuscripts and that
taken from Nova Scotia periodicals. Volume two contains materials taken from
periodicals outside of Nova Scotia and from published diaries and journals.
These works cover a broad range of immigrants to Nova Scotia and do not focus
on any particular groups. The amount of information available varies from
individual to individual, and all entries are documented with source citations
listed alphabetically in the back of the book. The example below illustrates the
important information that can be gleaned from this resource.
Holmes, Patrick. Enlisted at Wexford, Wexford, Ireland, 26 Nov 1804 age 26;
disbanded at St. John (or St. Johns) 24 July 1818; “located” Dalhousie Military
Settlement 1820 (460:101).
[vol. 1, p. 377]
The first number in the source citation is the source code; the second is the
page number. Referencing number 460 shows that the information in this entry
comes from an article by Wayne Walker entitled “Disbanded Soldiers in Dalhousie,
Annapolis Co., 1820” (from Public Record Office London, WO-25 vol. 548),
published in the Nova Scotia Genealogist, 1(1983): 3:101-103.
Those researching early New Brunswick ancestors have the benefit of a very
valuable book published by Heritage Books in 1989. R. Wallace Hale compiled
Early New Brunswick Probate Records 1785-1835 (Bowie, MD: Heritage
Books, 1989) [CS88/N33/H36/1989], in which he reviewed and abstracted over 2,000
probate files covering all counties in the first fifty years of the province of
New Brunswick. In the introduction Hale explains his research process, cites
guides that were consulted, and, most importantly, identifies missing data (such
as files for Kent County which were destroyed by fire in 1940).
The abstractions are quite detailed and provide much valuable information for
researchers. They are listed alphabetically by last name. Each entry begins with
three pieces of information: the location of the individual; the date of the
will if one was filed; and the date the will was proven (or, in the case of
intestate individuals, the date administration was granted). Information that
Hale was unable to decipher is included in brackets. Surnames are printed in all
caps to make them easier to see on the page. The following example shows the
kind of information available.
Parish of Fredricton, York Co. Will dated 25 October 1806, proved 20 December
Wife Susannah 600 pounds and furniture. Son Samuel 750 pounds. Sons Marcus
and William each 150 pounds. Daughters Susan and Ann each 350 pounds.
Granddaughters Hannah MERRIT and Ann Peters Merrit each 25 pounds. Grandsons
Robert MERRITT, Peters MERRITT, Eleazer MERRITT and Israel MERITT each 25
pounds. Granddaughter Mary MERRITT 100 pounds. Grandson Thomas PETERS, son of
Marcus, 50 pounds. Granddaughter Susan PETERS, daughter of Marcus, 25 pounds.
Granddaughter Susan Ann HUNT 25 pounds. Grandson Marcus William PETERS 25
pounds. Wife Susannah, sons Marcus and William PETERS executors. Witnesses:
Abraham BROWN, Dennis COOMBES, [initials illegible] ANDERSON.
Another valuable New Brunswick book is B. Wood-Holt’s Early Marriage
Records of New Brunswick: Saint John City and County from the British Conquest
to 1839 (Saint John, NB: Holland House, 1986) [CS88/N43/W6/1986]. Because a
large number of individuals immigrated through Saint John, many individuals who
later settled in other areas of New Brunswick may be found here.
Wood-Holt examined a large number of records for inclusion in this work,
The amount and quality of information varies from entry to entry, based on
the amount of information available in the original.
Those with French-Canadian ancestry will find many valuable works in the
Circulating Library collection. Among them are three cornerstones of
French-Canadian research: Rene Jetté’s Dictionnaire généalogique de
Québec (Montreal, QC: Les Presses de l’Université de Montréal, 1983) [REF
CS81/J4/1983]; Pére Cyprien Tanguay’s Dictionnaire généalogique des familles
Canadiennes: depuis la fondation de la colonie jusqu’a nos jours (orig. pub
1871, reprint: Pawtucket, RI: Quinton-Rock Publications, 1982) [CS88/T3/1871];
and Claude Drouin’s Dictionnaire national des Canadiens-Françaises
(1608-1760) (Montréal, QC: Institute Généalogique Drouin, 1979)
In addition to these basic works, one can find information on the early
settlers of New France in works such as Robert Larin’s La contribution du
Haut-Poitu au peuplement de la Nouvelle France (Moncton, NB: Les editions
d’Acadie, 1994). A large number of early immigrants came from this section of
France to settle in Acadia and Québec. This work details their migrations, and
provides information about the individuals known to have originated there. The
immigrants are listed by town of origin and assigned a unique identifying
number. Brief descriptions of towns are also included. The work is written in
French, but the biographical information is easily translated with a basic
French dictionary for those who do not speak the language. The example below is
a good illustration of the information included.
Situé dans la pointe sud-est du département de la Vienne. Ancienne ville
fotifée où l’on a trouvé des traces d’occupation gallo-romaine. L’église
Saint-Hilaire date du XIIe siècle.
333 – Louis Guérin dit Berry (f Mathurin & f Léonarde Guionnet),
«de la paroisse de Briguel-le-Chantre dans le diocese de Poitiers». Le 1er août
1712, il se mari à Québec où il avait établi domicile dans la basse ville. Le
recensement de 1716 le dit tailleur âgé de 40 ans. Veuf depuis 1715, il se
remarie à Beaumont le 13 janvier 1721, et sera qualifié de cabaretier au
recensement de 1744 à Québec. Il fut inhume dans l’église de Québec, le 2 avril
1759. [1+1 enfants]
Situated in the southeast section of the department of Vienne. Ancient town
fortification where is found traces of the Gallo-Roman occupation. The Saint
Hilaire church dates to the twelfth century.
333 – Lous Guérin dit Berry (the late Mathurin and the late Léonarde
Guionnet), “of the parish of Briguel-le-Chanre in the diocese of Poitiers.” The
first of August 1712, he married at Québec where he had established a house in
the lower village. The census of 1716 the said tailor was 40 years old. Widowed
before 1715, he remarried at Beaumont the thirteenth of January, 1721, and was
styled a tavern-keeper at the census of 1744 at Québec. He was buried in the
church of Québec the second of April 1759. [1 + 1 children].
These are just a few examples of the treasures waiting for Canadian
researchers in the NEHGS Circulating Library. For more information about the
library, visit the Circulating Library pages of NewEnglandAncestors.org
. To search the Circulating Library, visit the Library Catalog and select