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  • Surprising Connections # 6 and 7: Boston Cousins of Queen Victoria and Yankee Ancestors of Mrs. Thomas Philip “Tip” O’Neill, Jr.

    Gary Boyd Roberts

    Published Date : October - November 1993

    In earlier installments of this “surprising connections” series (NEXUS 8[1991]:146-50, 9[1992]:30-32, 62-65) I covered the royal descents and distant American cousins of Charles Darwin and Mrs. Karl Marx; the Rochester area wives - Helen Pitts and Caroline Balestier, both cousins of Jennie Jerome and Sir Winston Churchill - of abolitionist Frederick Douglass and writer Rudyard Kipling; and the descent of Italy’s four modem kings, 1861-1946, from a sister of James Edward Oglethorpe of Georgia In this fourth installment I wish to consider the most surprising connections I have discovered relating to Boston, the Boston Brahmins, and Harvard. The first surprise is a third cousin of Queen Victoria who settled in Salem in 1849, taught at Boston University, left two sons who graduated from Harvard, and is a great-grandfather of Benjamin Crowninshield “Ben” Bradlee, Watergate-era editor of The Washington Post. The second surprise is Yankee ancestry, and well-known Brahmin cousins, of Mrs. Thomas Philip “Tip” O’Neill, Jr. (Mildred Anne Miller), wife of the former Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives - a bulwark, along with Kennedys and McCormacks, of the Boston Irish political tradition. Among Mrs. O’Neill’s great-grandfathers was Methodist minister, storekeeper and farmer John Carpenter (1825-1873) of Charlton, son of a Waters of Sutton and descendant of Waterses of Salem, Burnaps of Reading, and Mrs. Mary Gye Maverick of Dorchester - herself descended from Henry III, King of England (d. 1272). Carpenter’s own matrilineal great-grandmother, Mrs. Huldah Sibley Howard Harwood (b. 1745), wife of a Revolutionary officer, was both a second cousin and third cousin once removed of Catharine and Elizabeth Smith, wives of noted privateersman, Salem shipping magnate and Brahmin “founding father” Joseph Peabody (1757-1844).

    The saga of Queen Victoria’s relatives in America begins in 1741, when Nicholas Ludwig, Count von Zinzendorf and Pottendorf (1700-1760), religious reformer and founder of the Moravian Brotherhood, visited Pennsylvania and New York for thirteen months. His hope of uniting Pennsylvania German Protestants was unrealized but he aided in the establishing of various Moravian congregations in both colonies. A granddaughter, Anna Dorothea Elizabeth, Baroness von Watteville, wife of Hans Christian Alexander von Schweinitz, returned to Pennsylvania in 1770. Her son, Lewis David von Schweinitz, and a grandson, Edmund Alexander de Schweinitz, both noted below, were noted Moravian clergymen - the former in Saxony, (Winston-Salem, North Carolina, and Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, the latter in Dover, Ohio, Philadelphia and Bethlehem. Zinzendorf himself was a descendant, via dukes of Berry and Bourbon, counts of Montpensier, von Borsselens, von Polheims, Liechtensteins and then von Zinzendorfs, of John II, King of France (d. 1364); his paternal grandfather was a first cousin of [Heinrich] Ernst Rudiger, Count von Starhemberg, defender of Vienna against the Turks in 1683. One of Zinzendorf’s paternal aunts, moreover, married a count of Castell-Remlingen and left a daughter, Sophie Theodora of Castell-Remlingen, who in 1721 married Henry XXIX, Count Reuss-Ebersdorf. Erdmuthe Dorothea, a sister of this Henry - all princes Reuss (or earlier counts or lords) bear the forename Henry, renumbered in the “younger line” each century - was Zinzendorf’s wife.

    Henry XXIX and Erdmuthe Dorothea were also descended from John II, King of France - via dukes of Burgundy and Cleves, counts of Schwarzburg (-Blankenburg and -Rudolstadt) and counts Reuss (-Gera, -Lobenstein, and -Ebersdorf). A great-great-grandmother, moreover, was a sister of William the Silent, Prince of Orange (d. 1584), first Stadholder of the Netherlands. Augusta of Reuss-Ebersdorf, daughter of Henry XXIV (of the eighteenth century) and granddaughter of Henry XXIX and Sophie Theodora, married in 1777 Francis, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld. Her children and grandchildren, the famed Saxe-Coburgs of the first half of the nineteenth century, seemed suddenly (at least to contemporaries) to rule much of Europe. A younger son became Leopold I, King of the Belgians, in 1831. A granddaughter became Victoria, Queen of Great Britain in June 1837 (and in 1840 married Albert, Prince of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, her first cousin and another grandchild of Augusta) and a grandson (Fernando II) was created King Consort of Portugal in September 1837. Later in the century a great-grandson became Ferdinand I, King of the Bulgarians, in 1887, a granddaughter (Carlota of Belgium) was empress of Mexico 1864-67, and a great-granddaughter (Victoria, Princess Royal of Great Britain) was German empress in 1888. Current descendants of Augusta, Henry XXIX and Sophie Theodora include queens of Great Britain and Denmark, kings of the Belgians, Sweden, Norway and Spain, and the children of Grand Duke Jean of Luxembourg.

    In addition Joanna Dorothea of Reuss-Ebersdorf, a daughter of Henry XXIX and Sophie Theodora, married Christoph F.L von Trotta genannt Treyden and left an only child, Frederica Theodora Elizabeth von Trotta genannt [163] Treyden, who married Friedrich Ludwig von Tschirschky und Bögendorff. Of their progeny a granddaughter was Amalie Joanna Lydia von Tschirschky und Bögendorff, first wife of her fourth and fifth cousin, the above-named Edmund Alexander de Schweinitz (1825-1887), American Moravian bishop and historian; and a daughter, Augusta Theodora von Tschirschky und Bögendorff, married Heinrich August von Gersdorff. Their eldest son, Dr. Ernst Bruno von (in America always Bruno de) Gersdorff (1820-1883), a third cousin of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert, of King Leopold II of the Belgians and the Empress Carlota of Mexico, and of Fernando II, King Consort of Portugal, immigrated to America in 1846. Born at Eisenach, the son of a judge at the court of Saxe-Weimar -these Reuss- Ebersdorf kinsmen were largely Saxons -Ernst Bruno graduated from the University of Leipzig. According to his obituary in the Boston Transcript (2 July 1882, p. 4, col. 5) “partly because of the political troubles of the time in his native country,” leading, in part, to the failed revolutions of 1848 “and partly because of the deep love he felt for republican institutions, he came to this country immediately after his graduation.” He first settled, for only a few months, in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, undoubtedly near his de Schweinitz cousins. He next came to Boston, then Andover, and in 1849 to Salem, where he was a homeopathic physician until 1865 and in 1860 married Caroline Choate, sister of famed lawyer Joseph Hodges Choate, American ambassador to Great Britain, 1899-1905. Caroline’s own immigrant ancestors included the royally descended Mrs. Alice Freeman Thompson Parke, also a forebear of H.R.H. The Princess of Wales and her sons.

    In 1865 Ernst Bruno and Caroline moved to Boston. Dr. de Gersdorff was professor of pathology and therapeutics at the Boston University School of Medicine from its founding (1873) until his death ten years later. His two sons graduated from Harvard in 1887 and 1888 respectively. The younger, an architect, adopted two children, the son a Harvard graduate of 1947 and the daughter the wife of graduates of Princeton and Yale. The eldest son of Ernst Bruno and Caroline, Wall Street lawyer Carl August de Gersdorff, married a sister of Vanity Fair editor Francis Welch (Frank) Crowninshield and left a son and two daughters. The son, both sons-in-law, two Bradlee grandsons and two grandsons-in-law (R.C. Alsop and RG. Wilmers) were also Harvard graduates. Another grandson, CA. de Gersdorff II, was a graduate of Princeton.

    Josephine de Gersdorff, eldest child of Carl August, in 1917 married Frederick Josiah Bradlee, Jr., sometime Boston banker, whose own royally descended ancestors included Rev. Peter and Jane (Allen) Bulkeley, the former of Massachusetts, and William Wentworth of New Hampshire, and one of whose great-great-great-grandmothers was the poet Sarah Wentworth (Apthorp) Morton (1759-1846). Of the two Bradlee sons, both Harvard graduates, the younger is Benjamin Crowninshield “Ben” Bradlee (b. 1921), well-known Watergate-era editor of The Washington Post (and sponsor of Woodward and Bernstein), whose first wife, stepdaughter of literary critic Van Wyck Brooks, was a Saltonstall cousin of Senator Leverett Saltonstall (III); whose second wife was a niece of Pennsylvania governor Gifford Pinchot; and whose third wife is former television anchor Sally Quinn. Thus a third cousin of Queen Victoria, allied by marriage with Choates, and his son with Crowninshields, is both a great-grandfather of a nationally known figure and the ancestor or ancestor-in-law of at least ten Harvard graduates to date (including, from the next generation, Robert Denny Alsop, class of 1971). These American de Gersdorffs are still covered, I might note, in the modern (post-1953) Genealogisches Handbuch des Adds, successor to the Almanach de Gotha.

    Royal cousins and German nobles among the Boston Brahmins may surprise readers less than Brahmin connections to major figures of Boston Irish politics. In NEXUS 9(1992):108-11, I treated the descent of Joan Bennett Kennedy, former wife of Senator Edward Moore Kennedy, from Salem witchcraft victim Mary (Towne) Estey; and the Mayflower descent and other connections of the twin sons of Congressman Joseph Patrick Kennedy II through their Brewster grandmother might be noted in a future column. Even more surprising, however, are the Peabody connections of Mrs. Thomas Philip ‘Tip” O’Neill, Jr. Among great-grandchildren of the royally descended Mrs. Mary Gye Maverick, wife of the first minister of Dorchester, Massachusetts, was Sarah Walton (b. ca. 1665), wife of Thomas Burnap of Reading and mother of 13 children. Of her immediate progeny a daughter, Elizabeth Burnap, married one of Sarah’s own first cousins, Benjamin Smith, and was the paternal grandmother of Catharine and Elizabeth Smith, sisters, wives of Salem shipping magnate Joseph Peabody; a son, Ebenezer Burnap, was the maternal grandfather of Huldah Sibley of Sutton, Massachusetts, wife of Revolutionary officer John Howard and Daniel Harwood. The descendants of Joseph Peabody and his second wife, Elizabeth Smith, form one of the great clans of Federalist Salem and Brahmin Boston. Two sons, George and Francis, many Endicott sisters, Clarissa and Martha. Ellen Peabody, daughter of George and Clarissa, married her first cousin, jurist and U.S. Secretary of War William Crowninshield Endicott; among her own children was Mary Crowninshield Endicott, third wife of British statesman and colonial secretary Joseph Chamberlain, and stepmother of Austen and (Prime Minister) Neville Chamberlain. Grandchildren of Francis and Martha included Groton founder and headmaster Endicott Peabody (whose mother was a Boston Lee of Cabot descent, aunt of the first Mrs. Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. [Alice Hathaway Lee] and great-aunt of Senator Leverett Saltonstall III) and his wife and first cousin, Fannie Peabody. Grandchildren of Endicott and Fannie include Massachusetts governor Endicott Peabody II and his sister, Democratic patroness Marietta [Endicott] (Peabody) (Fitzgerald) Tree, mother in turn of Frances Fitzgerald (author of Fire in the Lake), and model Penelope Tree. Catharine Elizabeth Peabody, a daughter of Joseph and Elizabeth, married John Lowell Gardner; her son, John Lowell Gardner, Jr., was the husband of Mrs. Isabella Stewart Gardner, the famed “Mrs. Jack,” Boston art collector, social leader, and builder of Fenway Court. [164] Other Maverick-descended “flowers” of New England, I might note, include William Hickling Prescott and the brothers Henry and Brooks Adams (see NEXUS 7 [1990]:26-30).

    Meanwhile, among Sutton-area descendants of the Burnaps and Mavericks, Huldah Howard, daughter of Mrs. Huldah Sibley Howard Harwood, married John Waters in 1790. Waterses, like Sibleys, were originally a Salem family. John’s paternal grandparents, Richard, Jr. and Anne (Holman) Waters, were both siblings of great-great-grandparents of Mrs. Alphonso Taft (Louisa Maria Torrey), wife of the Secretary of War and U.S. Attorney General, and mother of President William Howard Taft. The immigrants Richard and Joyce (___) Waters, and John and Margaret (Goodman) Tompkins, great-grandparents of Richard, Jr., were also ancestors of President Coolidge. John Waters was a third cousin, via Waterses and Jacobses, of Samuel Endicott, father of the two daughters-in-law of Joseph Peabody and a grandfather of the above-named William Crowninshield Endicott. A fourth cousin of John Waters, moreover, was Mrs. Lydia Williams Lyman, granddaughter of a Waters and maternal grandmother in turn of President Charles William Eliot of Harvard. I should also note, finally, that the immigrant Richard Waters of Salem was a second cousin of Rev. Henry Whitfield of Guilford, Connecticut, treated in my last “Notable Kin” column (NEXUS 10:70-74) as a Brahmin ”ur-father” via Higginsons, Cabots, Lowells, and Prescotts.

    Lucy Waters (1792-1830), daughter of John and Huldah, married David Carpenter (1794-1886) and died in Charlton, Mass. Her son, John Carpenter (1825-1873) was a Methodist minister in Shutesbury, South Deerfield, Phillipston, and Holland, Mass., in the last of which he was also, according to C.A. Flagg, a storekeeper, farmer, shoemaker, carpenter, and wheelwright. By Clementina Harris McIntire, also of Yankee ancestry, he left five children; the third, Mary Cordelia Carpenter (1858-1934) married Frank Shufeldt Miller, an electrical supplies salesman, of Worcester. Their eldest child, Harlow Archie Miller (1888-1968), called an “M.B.T.A. starter” [supervisor in the Boston subway system] on his death record, married Evelyn Louise Vyett, whose mother was apparently born in Canada. Their daughter, Mildred Anne Miller, is the wife of former House Speaker Thomas Philip “Tip” O’Neill, Jr. and mother of Thomas Philip O’Neill III, lieutenant governor of Massachusetts, 1975-83, under Michael Dukakis and Ed[ward] King. Thus the “New England family” and distant kin of its Boston “Brahmins” include not only western pioneers, Wall Street “tycoons,” Hollywood figures, and Canadian or European prime ministers. The “family” also extends, in at least a few examples, to major political figures of Irish descent.

    In the genealogical text below I outline the descent of European sovereigns, Mrs. E.A. de Schweinitz, the de Gersdorffs and Ben Bradlee from Henry XXIX, Count Reuss-Ebersdorf (1699-1747) and Sophie Theodora of Castell-Remlingen (1703-1777). For earlier descents and connections see my new compendium, The Royal Descents of 500 Immigrants (1993, henceforth RD500), pp. 194-98. I then similarly outline, but with full dates and places, the four generations from John Carpenter to Mrs. O’Neill. Then follows, in this column’s usual format, a listing of parents, grandparents, great-grandparents and great-great-grandparents of Mrs. O’Neill’s paternal grandmother, Mary Cordelia (Carpenter) Miller, with extensions to Waters, Holman, Tompkins, Burnap and Maverick ancestors listed above. As always, semi-colons separate generations, commas separate couples of the same generation, RD indicates royal descent, and TP ancestors of two or three presidents. Following this list, lastly, is an outline of the Burnap and Maverick descents of Mrs. Joseph Peabody, and of Joseph Peabody or Waters descents for seven other “Brahmin” figures mentioned earlier. For Mrs. Miller and her eight major “Brahmin” cousins (and for the Bulkeley and Wentworth lines of F.J. Bradlee, Jr.), names, birth and death years, plus parentheses and a spouse’s name if the ancestry is hers, are followed by parents, (a set of) grandparents, (a set of) great-grandparents, etc., backwards to ancestors noted above.

    1. Henry XXIX, Count Reuss-Ebersdorf (1699-1747, see RD500, p. 194, a brother of Erdmuthe Dorothea, Countess Reuss-Ebersdorf [17CX1)-1756], wife of Nicholas Ludwig, Count von Zinzendorf and Pottendorf, 1700-1760, religious reformer, founder of the Moravian Brotherhood, American resident Dec. 1741-Jan. 1743, see RD500, pp. 195-98) = 1721 Sophie Theodora of Castell-Remlingen(1703-1777), a first cousin of the N.L., Count von Zinzendorf and Pottendorf just mentioned, who married Erdmuthe Dorothea, Countess Reuss-Ebersdorf

    2. Henry XXIV, Count Reuss-Ebersdorf (1724-1779) = 1754 Caroline Ernestine of Erbach-Schönberg (1727-1796)

    3. Augusta of Reuss-Ebersdorf (1757-1831) 1777 Francis, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (1750-1806)

    4. Ernest I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (1784-1844) = (1) 1817 Louise of Saxe-Gotha (1800-1831)

    5. Albert, Prince of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, Prince Consort of Great Britain (1819-1861) = 1840 Victoria, Queen of Great Britain (1819-1901), his first cousin, see below

    4. Ferdinand, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (1785-1851) = 1815 Antonia, PrincessKohary (1797-1862)

    5. Fernando II, King Consort of Portugal (1816-1885) (1) 1836 Maria II da Gloria, Queen of Portugal (1819-1853). Two of their sons, a grandson and a great-grandson were kings of Portugal 1853-1910. Another grandson was king of Saxony, 1904-18.

    5. August, Prince of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (1818-1881) = 1843 Clementine of Orleans, Princess of France (1817-1907)

    6.Ferdinand I, King of the Bulgarians (1861-1948, king 1887-1918) = (1) 1893 MarieLouise, Princess of Parma (1870-1899); (2) 1908 Eleonore, Princess Reuss-Köstritz (1860-1917; see NEXUS 9[1992]:65). A son and grandson of Ferdinand were kings of the Bulgarians, 1918-46.

    4.Leopold I, King of the Belgians (1790-1865) = (1) 1816 Charlotte, Princess of GreatBritain (1796-1817) (no surviving issue); (2)1832 Louise Marie of Orleans, Princess ofFrance (1812-1850). Among his great-great-grandsons [165] are the late Baudouin I and the present Albert II, Kings of the Belgians. A great-great-great-grandson is Henri, Hereditary Grand Duke (i.e. Crown Prince) of Luxembourg, their nephew.

    4. Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (1786-1861) = (2) 1818 Edward, Duke of Kent, Prince of Great Britain (1767-1820)

    5.Victoria, Queen of Great Britain (1819-1901) =1840 Albert, Prince of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (1819-1861), her first cousin, see above. Queen Victoria’s great-great-grandchildren include Elizabeth II, Queen of Great Britain (and her husband, Philip, Duke of Edinburgh); Harald V, King of Norway; Carl XVI Gustaf, King of Sweden; Margarethe II, Queen of Denmark; and Juan Carlos I, King of Spain (and his wife, Queen Sophia, formerly a princess of Greece and both a great-great- and great-great-great-granddaughter of Queen Victoria). Other descendants of Queen Victoria have included former rulers, or wives of former rulers, of Great Britain, Norway, Roumania, Yugoslavia, Sweden, Denmark, Germany, Greece, and Russia. See Marlene A. Eilers, Queen Victoria’s Descendants (1987).

    2.Joanna Dorothea of Reuss-Ebersdorf (1743-1801) = 1770 Christoph Friedrich Levinvon Trotta genannt Treyden (1743-1772)

    3.(only child, born posthumously) Frederica (Friederike) Theodora Elizabeth von Trotta genannt Treyden (1772-1806) = 1792 Friedrich Ludwig von Tschirschky und Bogendorff (1769-1829)

    4.Franz Ludwig von Tschirschky und Bogendorff (b. 1799) = 1823 WilhelmineMaximiliane Luise Marina von Schonberg (1798-1876)

    5.Amalie Joanna Lydia von Tschirschky und Bogendorff (1829-1866) of Penn. = 1850 (as his first wife) Edmund Alexander de Schweinitz (1825-1 887, who married secondly, in 1868, Isabel Allen Bogge), Moravian bishop and historian treated in the Dictionary of American Biography (DAB), son of Lewis David von Schweinitz (1780-1834), Moravian clergyman, botanist and pioneer mycologist, also in the DAB (and Louise Amalia Ledoux), son of Hans Christian Alexander von Schweinitz and Anna Dorothea Elizabeth, Baroness von Watteville, of Penn., daughter of Johann Michael, Baron von Watteville, and Henrietta Benigna Justina, Countess von Zinzendorf and Pottendorf, daughter of the Moravian founder Nicholas Ludwig, Count von Zinzendorf and Pottendorf, and Erdmuthe Dorothea, Countess Reuss-Ebersdorf, mentioned above

    4. Augusta Theodora von Tschirschky und Bogendorff (1797-1883) = 1818 HeinrichAugust von Gersdorff (1793-1874)

    5. Dr. Ernst Bruno von (in America de) Gersdorff of Salem and Boston, Mass. (1820-1883), professor of pathology and therapeutics at Boston University, 1873-83 = 1860 Caroline Choate (1834-1889), sister of lawyer and diplomat Joseph Hodges Choate (1832-1917). The royal descent of J.H. Choate and Mrs. de Gersdorff, and their kinship to H.R.H. The Princess of Wales and her sons, all via Mrs. Alice Freeman Thompson Parke, are covered in G.B. Roberts and W.A. Reitwiesner, American Ancestors and Cousins of The Princess of Wales (1984), pp. 21-32, 37, 39, 143-44, and RD500, pp. 435-37. Ernst Bruno and Caroline left only two sons; the younger, George Bruno de Gerssdorff (1866-1964), Harvard College graduate of 1888, architect (with McKim, Mead and White in New York City, 1895-1912), married Isabel Cleaveland Lawrence in 1907 and adopted two children, Robert Lawrence de Gersdoff, Harvard College graduate of 1947 and Celia C. de Gersdorff, wife of Elliot M. Ogden, Princeton College graduate of 1955, Charles Clucas, and Charles James Kittredge (b. 1921), Yale College graduate of 1943, Boston and Pittsfield banker (see Who’s Who in America)

    6. Carl August de Gersdorff (1865-1944), New York City lawyer (see Who Was Who in America, vol. 2 [19501, p. 150), Harvard College graduate of 1887, = 1895 Helen SuzetteCrowninshield (1868-1941), daughter of Frederic Crowninshield (1845-1918), noted painter, author, and director of the American Academy in Rome, and Helen Suzette Fairbanks, and sister of Francis Welch (Frank) Crowninshield (1872-1947), editor of Vanity Fair. Their eldest child is treated below; of their two younger children, Alma de Gersdorff (b. 1897) married in 1919 David Percy Morgan, Jr. (1894-1974), chemist and consultant (see Who Was Who in America, vol. 6, 1974-1976, p. 292), Harvard College graduate of 1916, and left an only child, Helen Suzette Morgan (b. 1922), Radcliffe College graduate of 1945, who married in 1943 Robert Chapin Alsop (b. 1923), lawyer, Harvard College graduate of 1945. Caspar Crowninshield de Gersdorff (1901-1982), Wall Street broker, Harvard College graduate of 1923, youngest child of Carl August and Helen Suzette, married L. Helena Ogden in 1929 and left two children – Carl August de Gersdorff II(b. 1931) Princeton College graduate of 1954, who married Susan Van Wyck Kleinhansand Marianne Weber, and Ida Gertrude de Gersdorff(b. 1938), who married in 1963 RobertGeorge Wilmers(b. 1934), Buffalo, N.Y. banker and Harvard College graduate of 1956. The Alsops have four children, C.A. de Gersdorff II has five, and the Wilmerses have two.

    7. Josephine de Gersdorff (1896-1975) = 1917 Frederick Josiah Bradlee, Jr. (1892-1970), Boston banker, company officer, and chairman of the Mass. Parole Board, Harvard College graduate of 1915 (Frederick Josiah Bradlee & Elizabeth Whitwell Thomas; Arthur Malcolm Thomas & Mary Sarah Sargent; Alexander Thomas & Elizabeth Malcolm Rand, Howard Sargent & Charlotte Cunningham; Isaac Rand & Lucy Whitwell, [John] Richard Cunningham & Sarah Apthorp Morton; John Rand & Elizabeth Malcolm, Perez Morton & Sarah Wentworth Apthorp, noted poet; Isaac Rand & Margaret Damon, James Apthorp & Sarah Wentworth; John Damon, Jr. & Margaret Clarke, Samuel Wentworth & Elizabeth Deering; Thomas Clarke & Mary Bulkeley, John Wentworth, Lt. Coy, of N.H., & Sarah Hunking Edward Bulkeley & Lucian ,Samuel Wentworth & Mary Benning; Rev. Peter Bulkeley of Mass. [RD]& Jane Allen [RD], William Wentworth of N.H. (RD) & ___). The second child of F.J., Jr. and Josephine is noted below; the eldest, Frederick Josiah Bradlee III [166] b. 1919), Harvard College graduate of 1941, unmarried, is an actor and writer; the youngest, Constance Bradlee (b. 1923), married Francis C. Thayer.

    8.Benjamin Crowninshield (“Ben”) Bradlee (b. 1921), managing or executive editor of The Washington Post 1965-92, formerly Washington bureau chief and a reporter for Newsweek, author of That Special Grace [about John F. Kennedy, 1964] and Conversations with Kennedy (1974), Harvard College graduate of 1943, = (1) 1942 (divorced 1955) JeanSaltonstall (b. 1921) (later Mrs. Oscar William Haussermann, Jr.), daughter of John Lee Saltonstall (a first cousin once removed and double second cousin once removed of U.S. Senator Leverett Saltonstall [III]) and Gladys Durant Rice (later Mrs. Van Wyck Brooks, wife of the man of letters) and sister of Elizabeth Lee Saltonstall, Mrs. August Belmont IV; (2) 1956 (divorced 1976) Mrs. Antoinette Eno Pinchot Pittman (b. 1924), Vassar College graduate of 1945, daughter of Amos [Richards Eno] Pinchat, noted lawyer and publicist, and Ruth Pickering, and niece of Pennsylvania governor Gifford Pinchot; (3) 1978 Sally Quinn (b. 1941), journalist (co-anchor, CBS Morning News 1973-74), Smith College graduate of 1963. “Ben” Bradlee is thus a sixth cousin of Kings Baudouin land Albert II of the Belgians, and a sixth cousin once removed of Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain; Philip, Duke of Edinburgh; King Harald V of Norway; King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden; Queen Margarethe II of Denmark; King Juan Carlos land Queen Sophia of Spain; and Hereditary Grand Duke Henri of Luxembourg. In his 1993 50th Harvard reunion report Bradlee listed four children, none with Harvard affiliations (his two elder sons, Benjamin C., Jr. [b. 1948], and Dominic [b. 1958], graduated respectively from Colby in 1969 and Yale in 1979); there are eight grandchildren.

    4. John Carpenter, b. Charlton, Mass. 20 Feb. 1825, d. Holland, Mass. 14 March 1873, Methodist minister, storekeeper and farmer, a fourth cousin and fifth cousin of Mrs. Alphonso Taft (Louisa Maria Torrey, mother of President William Howard Taft), and a fifth cousin, fifth cousin once removed, and sixth cousin of Mrs. Joseph Chamberlain and Endicott Peabody below; m. Charlton 29 May 1844 Clementina Harris Mclntire, b. Charlton 26 June 1824, d. “1910” acc. to R.H. Mclntire, not recorded in Mass. VRs (state copy)

    3. Mary Cordelia Carpenter, b. Shutesbury, Mass. 1 March 1858, d. Worcester, Mass. 16 Feb. 1934; m. Spencer, Mass. 5 May 1887 Frank Shufeldt Miller, b. Chatham, N.Y. 6 March 1863, d. Worcester, Mass. 6 Aug. 1936, superintendent 1900-2 of the Worcester and Webster Street Railway, later an electrical supplies salesman, son of William Henry and Ella). (Shufeldt) Miller.

    2.Harlow Archie Miller, b. Spencer, Mass. 23 Feb. 1888, d. Wilmington, Mass. 29 Jan. 1968, M.B.T.A. starter, m. (1) Worcester, Mass. 7 Aug. 1912, Evelyn Louise Vyett (Elvira on birth record), b. Wellesley, Mass. 30 Aug. 1890, d. Wakefield, Mass. 1 Oct. 1947, daughter of Henry and Laura (Hebert, on birth record of daughter “Herbert”) Vyett.

    1. Mildred Anne Miller (Mildred Anna on birth record), b. Somerville, Mass. 16 June 1914; m. there 17 June 1941 Thomas Philip “Tip” O’Neill, Jr., b. Cambridge, Mass. 9 Dec. 1912 (son of Thomas Philip and Rose Anne [Tolan] O’Neill), Boston College graduate of 1936, Massachusetts legislator 1936-52 and Speaker of the Mass. House of Representatives, 1948-52; U.S. congressman 1953-87, majority whip, 1971-73, majority leader 1973-77, and Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives, 1977-87. Their son Thomas Philip O’Neill III, b. Cambridge, Mass. 20 Sept. 1944, Boston College graduate of 1968 and M.P.A. graduate of Harvard University in 1979, who married Jacqueline Anne DeMartino in 1969, was a Massachusetts legislator 1972-75, and Lt.-Gov. of Massachusetts, 1975-83.

    Mary Cordelia (Carpenter) Miller (1858-1934); John Carpenter & Clementina Harris McIntire; David Carpenter & Lucy Waters, Eleazar McIntire & Barsheba Defray; Simeon Carpenter & Sarah Blanchard, John Waters & Huldah Howard, Elias McIntire & Martha Burden, Jean Baptiste Antoine Pierre Defray & Olive Carpenter; Elisha Carpenter & Anna Whittaker, John Blanchard & Sarah Carriel, Stephen Waters & Huldah Flagg, John Howard & Huldah Sibley, Eleazer McIntire & Elizabeth Mclntire (first cousins), John Burden & Hannah Pudney, Simeon Carpenter (brother of Elisha, above) & Phebe Gould (parents of Olive); Richard Waters, Jr. & Anne Holman, Eleazer Hagg (III) & Huldah Chandler, Jonathan Sibley & Hannah Burnap; Richard Waters & Martha Reed (ancestors of W.H. Taft), Solomon Holman & Mary Barton (ancestors of W.H. Taft), Eleazer Flagg, Jr. & Deborah Tompkins, Ebenezer Burnap & Hannah Lilley; John Waters & Sarah Tompkins, John Tompkins, Jr. & Rebecca Knight, Thomas Burnap & Sarah Walton; Richard Waters (TP) & Joyce ___ (TP), John Tompkins (TP) & Margaret Goodman (TP) (parents of John, Jr. & Sarah), Samuel Walton & Sarah Maverick; James Waters & Phebe Manning, Elias Maverick & Anna Harris; George Manning & Joanna Wallys, Rev. John Maverick & Mary Gye (RD); John Manning and Agnes Petley, another of whose sons, Henry Manning, was the father (by Catherine Kerkener) of Fortuna Mildreda Manning, wife of Thomas Whitfield and mother of Rev. Henry Whitfield, noted Puritan clergyman and founder of Guilford, Connecticut, who married Dorothy Sheafe.

    1. Joseph Peabody (1757-1844), Revolutionary privateersman, Salem shipowner and merchant (second wife, Elizabeth Smith; Elias Smith & Katharine Blanchard; Benjamin Smith & Elizabeth Burnap; Francis Smith & Ruth Maverick, Thomas Burnap & Sarah Walton; Elias Maverick & Anne Harris [parents of Ruth and Sarah], Samuel Walton & Sarah Maverick).

    2.William Crowninshield Endicott (1 826-1900), jurist, US. Secretary of War and his wife and first cousin, Ellen Peabody; William Putnam Endicott & Mary Crowninshield, George Peabody & Clarissa Endicott; Samuel Endicott & Elizabeth Putnam (parents of William P. and Clarissa), Joseph Peabody & Elizabeth Smith, above; John Endicott Jr. & Martha Putnam; John Endicott & Elizabeth Jacobs; John Jacobs & Abigail Waters; John Waters & Sarah Tompkins.

    3.Joseph Chamberlain (1836-1914), British statesman and colonial secretary (third wife, Mary Crowninshield [167] Endicott, later wife of William Hartley Carnegie, Dean of Westminster and chaplain of the British House of Commons; William Crowninshield Endicott & Ellen Peabody, immediately above).

    4.Mrs. Isabella Stewart Gardner (1840-1924), Boston art collector and social leader, builder of Fenway Court (husband, John Lowell Gardner, Jr.; John Lowell Gardner & Catharine Elizabeth Peabody; Joseph Peabody & Elizabeth Smith, above).

    5. Endicott Peabody (1857-1944), founder and headmaster (1884-1940) of Groton School, and Fannie Peabody, his wife and first cousin; Samuel Endicott Peabody & Marianne Cabot Lee, Francis Peabody, Jr. & Helen Bloodgood; Francis Peabody & Martha Endicott (parents of Samuel E. and Francis, Jr.); Joseph Peabody & Elizabeth Smith, above, Samuel Endicott & Elizabeth Putnam, above.

    6-7. Endicott Peabody II (b. 1920), governor of Massachusetts, 1963-64, and his sister, (Mrs.) Marietta (Mary) [Endicott (Peabody) Fitzgerald] Tree (b. 1917), Democratic Party patroness, mother by Desmond Fitzgerald of author Frances Fitzgerald (b. 1940), and by [Arthur] Ronald Lambert Field Tree of model Penelope Tree (b. 1949); Malcolm Endicott Peabody & Mary Elizabeth Parkman; Endicott & Fannie Peabody, above.

    8.Charles William Eliot (1834-1926), president of Harvard University, 1869-1909, educational leader; Samuel Atkins Eliot & Mary Lyman Theodore Lyman & Lydia Williams; George Williams & Lydia Pickering; Henry Williams & Mary Waters; Samuel Waters & Mary Hawkins; Ezekiel Waters & Mary ; Richard Waters & Joyce ___

    SOURCES:

    Zinendorf-Reuss-Ebersdorf-Saxe-Coburg-von Watteville- von [del Schweinitz-von Trotta genannt Treyden-von Tschirschky und Bögendorff-von [del Gersdorff- Bradlee: RD500, pp. 194-98 and sources cited therein, esp. Gerhard Meyer, Nikolas Ludwig von Zinzendorf Fine Genealogische Studie mit Ahnen und Nachfarhrenliste (1966); Wilhelm Karl, Prinz von Isenburg, Europäischen Stammtafeln: Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der Europäischen Staaten, old ser., vol. 1(1936), table 172 (and Burke’s Royal Families of the World, Volume 7, Europe and Latin America [1977], chapters/section on royal families of Belgium, Bulgaria, Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Great Britain, and Portugal); DAB (N.L. von Zinzendorf and L.D. and E.A. von [del Schweinitz); Dr. Walter von Boetticher, Geschichte des Oberlausitzischen Adds und Seiner Guter, 1635-1815, vol.2 (1913), pp. 1004-5 (von Trotta genannt Treyden); Gothaisches Genealogisches Taschenbuch der Uradeligen Häuser (1913), pp. 726-28 (von Tschirschky und Bogendorff), (1923), p. 263 (von Gersdorff); Genealogisches Handbuch des Adds, vol.15 (Adelige Hauser A, vol.3, 1957), p. 218 (Dr. E.B. von [de] Gersdorff); various Harvard (and a few Yale and Princeton) class books, notably 25th and 50th anniversary reports, various New York and Boston social registers, R.E. Moody, The Saltonstall Papers 1607-1815, vol. 1 (1972), pp. 552-55, and Douglas Richardson, The Eno and Enos Family in America, rev. ed. (1985), pp. 257-63. See also Gerald Paget, The Lineage and Ancestry of H.R.H. Prince Charles, Prince of Wales, vol.2(1977), pp. 13(1229-30), etc. and Michel Huberty, Alain Giraud, F. de B. Magdelaine, L’Allemagne Dynastique, Tome I, Hesse-Reuss-Saxe (1977).

    Thompson-Wise-Lamb-Low-Choate line of Caroline (Choate) de Gersdorff, Bulkeley and Wentworth lines of F.J. Bradlee, Jr.: E.O. Jameson, The Choates in America, 1643-1896 (1896), pp. 58-61,113-14,214,326-30; O.M. and W.H. Lowe and EM. Merriam, The Ancestors of the John Lowe Family Circle (1901), pp. 18,20-22,82-83 (Low, Lamb); TAG 56(1980): 80-82 (Wise); E.W. and C.S. Sargent, Epes Sargent of Gloucester and His Descendants (1923), pp. 183-87 (Bradlee, Thomas, Sargent); F.O. Rand, A Genealogy of the Rand Family in the United States (1898), pp. 38-39, 58-59, 90-91; DL. Jacobus, The Bulkeley Genealogy (1933), pp. 92-113, 131-32, 153, 217, 457-58; John Wentworth, The Wentworth Genealogy: English and American, vol. 1 (1878), pp. 71-118. 178-83, 316-19, 519-23 (Thomas, Sargent, Cunningham, Morton, Apthorp, Wentworth). For the royal descents of Mrs. Alice Freeman Thompson Parke, Rev. Peter and Jane (Allen) Bulkeley and William Wentworth see RD500, pp. 435-37, 210-12, 330-33, 350-51, and sources cited therein.

    Ancestors of Mrs. O’Neill, noted Joseph Peabody and/or Waters descendants: C.A. Flagg, The Descendants of Eleazer Flagg and His Wife Huldah Chandler of Grafton, Mass. (1903), pp. 11-16, 19-20, 27-28, 41-42, 82, 139, 177-78, 181-82 (Miller, Carpenter, Waters, Flagg), and various Mass. VRs (1934 deaths, 91:141; 1936 deaths, 96:444; 387:411; 404:425; 612:538; 1968 deaths, 112:400; 1947 deaths, 92:211; 623:853; 1941 marriages, 113:344, several found by David Allen Lambert of the NEHGS Enquiries Service); A.B. Carpenter, A Genealogical History of the Rehoboth Branch of the Carpenter Family in America (1898), pp. 55-56, 70-72, 108-11, 208-9, 357, 550; Rev. W.A. Benedict and Rev. H.A. Tracy, History of the Town of Sutton, Massachusetts, from 1704 to 1876 (1878, repr. 1966), p. 592 (Blanchard); Sidney Perley, The History of Salem, Massachusetts, vol. 1, 1626-1637(1924), pp. 382-84 (Waters), 426-27 (Tompkins), 91-93 (Endicott cousins), 280-81 (Williams cousins), vol. 3, 1671-1716 (1928), p. 110 (Jacobs cousins); D.E. Holman, The Holmans in America, vol. 1 (1909), pp. 3-5, 10; J.S. Sibley, The Sibley Family in America, 1629-1972, 2nd ed. (1982), pp. 19-20, H.W. Belknap, The Burnap-Burnett Genealogy (1925), pp. 46-48,67-69,95 and NEHGR 96(1942):232-35, 239-41 (Walton, Maverick); RH. Mclntire, Descendants of Philip McIntire (1941), pp. 15, 22-23, 36-37, 61-62, 98-99; W.C. Endicott and W.M. Whitehill, Captain Joseph Peabody, East India Merchant of Salem (1757-1844): A Record of His Ships and of His Family (1962), pp. 169, 171-73, 176, 178-80, 183-84, 189-92, 205, 236, 287 and W.C. Endicott, Family Gatherings Relating to the Smith and Blanchard Families (1929), pp. 3-27, 33-34 esp. (Maverick descendants and notable progeny of Mrs. Joseph Peabody); Harrison Ellery and C.P. Bowditch, The Pickering Genealogy (1897), vol.1, pp. 118-21, vol.2, pp.240-43, 421-23, 700-1 (Eliot, Lyman, Williams). For the royal descent of Mrs. Mary Gye Maverick see RD500, p. 295, and sources cited therein. For the English ancestry and connections of Richard Waters of Salem, plus his presidential descendants, see HF. Waters, Genealogical Gleanings in England, vol. 2(1901,1907, repr. 1969), pp. 1323 (and chart preceding)- 54, J.B. Threlfall, The Ancestry of Reverend Henry Whitfield (1590-1657) and His Wife Dorothy Sheafe (159?-1669) of Guilford, Connecticut (1989), pp. 69-72 esp., and GB. Roberts, Ancestors of American Presidents (preliminary ed., rev., 1989), p. 224.

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