American Ancestors New England Historic Genealogical Society - Founded 1845 N.E. Historic Genealogical Society Seal View Your Shopping Cart Join NEHGS

Ask a Genealogist

RSS Feed

Gravestone Abbreviations

(Cemeteries, Lineage Societies and Fraternal Organizations) Permanent link

David Allen Lambert
David Allen Lambert
Online Genealogist


While transcribing gravestones recently I noted two abbreviations I have never seen before.  Can you tell me what K.F.M., and I.B.B.H. stands for what organizations? 


Thank you for your note.  K.F.M. or K of FM stands for the Knights of Father Matthew. This was a nineteenth century organization that was organized in Ireland to promote abstinence from alcoholic beverages.  Ladies who belonged to this organization were the Ladies Auxiliary of the Knights of Father Mathew (LAKFM).

The I.B.B.H. is an abbreviation for International Brotherhood of Blacksmiths and Helpers. The International Brotherhood of Blacksmiths was organized in 1889, and the addition of helpers was added in 1901. This organization was only under the I.B.B.H. abbreviation until 1919 when they merged with the Brotherhood of Drop Forgers.  In 1954 the organization merged finally with the Brotherhood of Boilermakers.  The current organization maintains their website at:

Massachusetts Annual Town Report Research

(Massachusetts, New England) Permanent link

David Allen Lambert

David Allen Lambert
Online Genealogist


I am looking to research the annual town reports for a batch of Massachusetts towns. I have gone to the Boston Public Library and to NEHGS but you do not have the towns I need. Is there a complete collection at the Massachusetts State Archives?


Thanks for your question. The Massachusetts State Library not the State Archives has a fairly comprehensive collection of the annual city and town reports for Massachusetts communities from the 19th through 21st centuries. On their website you can also determine the towns and the years they have availble.

For some communities the town reports publish births, marriages and deaths for the previous year. This is a quick way to search post-1915 vital records not already open to the public. These records were made public at the time of their publication, but remain an underutilized resource among genealogists and historians.

Massachusetts State Library
State House – Room 341
Boston, MA 02133
Tel: 617-727-2590

New England Historic Genealogical Society
99 - 101 Newbury Street
Boston, Massachusetts 02116, USA

© 2010 - 2014 New England Historic Genealogical Society