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Ask a Genealogist: Nova Scotia and New Brunswick early census.

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Question:

What was the first standard census for Nova Scotia and New Brunswick that was not a tax list?

Answer:

The 1851 Provincial Census for New Brunswick and Nova Scotia can be considered the first for the 19th century.  There are, as you mentioned, earlier tax lists.  The 1851 Nova Scotia census only partially survived for some counties.  Unlike the 1851 New Brunswick census, the Nova Scotia census does not list any other than the head of household.  NEHGS has both of these censuses on microfilm, and also online subscription access if you visit the library.
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