Question: The 1861 Scottish Census shows an unusual surname for my ancestor. This census lists him as a "Rolley Way Man". Can you help me with this job title?
Answer: The occupation "Rolleyway Man" was the individual involved in the roadways in the mines. It would appear your Scottish ancestor may have been in fact worker in the mines of Scotland in the 19th century. I would search earlier and later Scottish census to see how his occupation changes.