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  • #33 Beverly, Massachusetts Ancestors of the new Duchess of France: Genealogical Thoughts of Gary Boyd Roberts

    Gary Boyd Roberts

    Published Date : July 6, 1999

    Today I wish to regale you a bit with a “fun” new discovery in royal genealogy and connections between European princely houses and 19th-century America. On 19 June 1999, the day Prince Edward married Sophie Rhys-Jones (for whom see the current NEXUS – 16:116-19), Henri Robert Ferdinand Marie Louis Philippe, Count of Paris (b. 5 July 1908), heir male of Louis Philippe and Orléanist claimant to the throne of France, died – shortly before the civil marriage of his younger grandson, Eudes Thibault Joseph Maria, Duke of Angoulême, to Marie Elisse, Countess de Rohan-Chabot. Thus the “heir to the throne of France,” or at least the head of the house of Bourbon-Orléans, became Henri Philippe Pierre Marie, Count of Clermont, who has declared himself the new Count of Paris and Duke of France. This new “French Pretender” has five lines of descent from Louis Philippe (through each son who left married children, and through both sons of the eldest son who did so) and also five lines of descent from Louis XV, King of France from 1715 to 1774. The new Count of Paris was formerly married (1957-1984) to Duchess Marie Thérèse of Württemburg, who had one descent from Louis Philippe, eight from Louis XV, and one from Charles X, King of France from 1824 to 1830. Thus the sons of the new Count of Paris (his own heir is Prince Jean Carl Pierre Marie, Duke of Vendôme, born 19 May 1965) share six lines from Louis Phillippe, one line from Charles X, and 13 lines from Louis XV (one via his son the Dauphin, and twelve via his daughter Elisabeth, Duchess of Parma).

    The new Count of Paris, however, has been married since 31 Dec. 1984 to Micaela Anna Maria Cousino, born at Vichy, France 30 April 1938, divorced wife of Jean Robert Boeuf and daughter of Luis Maximiliano Cousiño y Sebire and Antonia Maria Micaela Quiñones de Léon y Banuelos, Marchioness de San Carlos. The parentage of the new Duchess of France (her mother-in-law remains the Countess of Paris) appears in the 1998 English edition of the Almanach de Gotha, published by Almanach de Gotha, Ltd., 9 Cork Street, London W1X 1PD, p. 50 – and Bill Reitwiesner of the Library of Congress, my frequent colleague on royal matters, tells me that another (seemingly rival) edition, by another publisher, appeared this year as well.

    The mother of the new Duchess of France was a sister of Isabel Quiñones de Léon y Banuelos, 3rd Countess de Banuelos (1892-post 1932), who is mentioned in Bill’s and my American Ancestors and Cousins of The Princess of Wales (1984), p. 97 (which cites Ruvigny’s The Titled Nobility of Europe [1914], p. 295), as having an engagement announced in the New York Times of 19 April 1913 to Maurice Edward Burke Roche, later 4th Baron Fermoy, maternal grandfather of the late Princess of Wales. The parents of these two sisters were Fernando José Quiñones de Léon y de Francesco Martin, Marquis de Alcedo and Marquis de San Carlos, and Antonia de Banuelos y Thorndike, 2nd Countess de Banuelos, daughter herself of Miguel de los Santos de Banuelos y Traval, 1st Count de Banuelos, Spanish ambassador to Berlin (Prussia, later Germany) and Marie Adeline Thorndike, who died at Biarritz 26 April 1899.

    Marie Adeline Thorndike was the youngest child of Beverly, Mass. native Charles Thorndike (1795-1833) and his Maryland wife Maria/Mary Martha Purnell (1805-1881). I have not yet traced the Maryland Purnells but Eleanor Passano’s bibliography lists various pre-1940 sources that could be consulted. The compendium on Baltimore County families and the three volumes of Maryland Marriages compiled by Robert Barnes do not immediately identify her parents. Charles Thorndike, treated on pp. 105-7 of the 1960 Descendants of John Thorndike of Essex County, Massachusetts by Morgan Hewitt Stafford, was the ninth child – by his second wife, Anna Dodge – of Israel Thorndike (1755-1832), China trade merchant, privateer, patron of Harvard, and Mass. state legislator and senator, who left an estate of $1,500,000 and is treated in the Dictionary of American Biography.

    An ancestor table for Charles Thorndike reveals a degree of endogamy (cousin intermarriage), not altogether unlike the Catholic royal caste into which the present Duchess of France married in 1984. Charles’s grandparents were Andrew Thorndike, Anna Morgan, George Dodge and Lydia Herrick; great-grandparents were Paul Thorndike Jr., Mary Bachelder, Luke Morgan, Jr., Anna Woodbury, Joshua Dodge Jr., Hannah Raiment/Raymond, Benjamin Herrick, and Lydia Hayward. Of Charles Thorndike’s 32 great-great-great-grandparents, four were Woodburys (Hannah [Woodbury] Patch , her father William Woodbury, Peter Woodbury, and Thomas Woodbury), four were Dodges (sisters Mary [Dodge] Herrick and Sarah [Dodge] Woodbury, and siblings William Dodge Jr. and Hannah [Dodge] [Porter] Woodbury), two were Patches (James Patch and Elizabeth [Patch] Woodbury), two were Herricks (brothers Zachariah and Joseph), and two were Dixeys (Elizabeth [Dixey] Morgan and her father William Dixey). There were also two descents from William Raiment/Raymond and Hannah Bishop, this last a daughter of Edward and Hannah (----) Bishop of Beverly, but not, as per several sources, a stepdaughter of 1692 witchcraft victim Bridget (Playfer) (Wasselbe) (Oliver) Bishop.

    The several Edward Bishops of Salem and Beverly are discussed in detail by David L. Greene in TAG 57 (1981): 129-38. The Great Migration Begins by Robert Charles Anderson (1995) covers mmigrant ancestors of several of these families Woodburys, Dodges, Herricks, Bachelders, Haywards, and Raiment/Raymonds, are covered in vol. 2 (1931) of Dawes-Gates Ancestral Lines by Mary Walton Ferris. There are no Mayflower, Princess of Wales or presidential connections and, perhaps surprisingly, no descent from a Salem witchcraft victim. Paul Thorndike, Jr., however, was the son of Paul and Mary (Patch) Thorndike and the grandson of immigrant John Thorndike by his (almost certainly) royally-descended wife Elizabeth Stratton, for whom see my 1993 compendium The Royal Descents of 500 Immigrants, pp. 425-26 (the royal line is from Henry I, King of France, d. 1060, via Beaumonts, de Clares, Marshalls, Bigods, Felbrigges, Sampsons, Feltons, and Strattons).

    In addition, Joshua Dodge Jr. was the son of Joshua and Joanna (Larkin) Dodge, grandson of William Dodge Jr. and Mary (Conant) Balch, and great-grandson of Salem founder Roger Conant and Sarah Horton.Conant is also noticed in the Dictionary of American Biography, The Great Migration Begins, and vol. 2 of Dawes-Gates Ancestral Lines. A revision and updating of the 1960 Thorndike genealogy is now under way, edited by Scott C. Steward of NEXUS and Dr. John Bradley Arthaud, and will be published by the Newbury Street Press here at the Society. I am pleased indeed to be able to add to that work a descent to the wife of the new Count of Paris, and hope that many readers with much Essex Co., Mass. and especially Salem or Beverly ancestry will have a line in common with her.

    One footnote about royal connections may be of interest. The sons of the new Count of Paris, the already mentioned Dukes of Vendôme and Angoulême, the next generation of Orléanist claimants to the throne of France, are third cousins of both (1) the young son of the Bonaparte claimant – Prince Jean Christophe Louis Ferdinand Albéric Bonaparte, born 11 July 1986 – and  (2) Felipe, Prince of the Asturias, son and heir of Juan Carlos, King of Spain. The Prince of the Asturias, born 30 Jan. 1968, may well be in time the senior heir of Louis XIV and thus the “legitimist” heir of France. His grandfather’s elder brother, the Duke of Segovia, who renounced his Spanish rights in 1933, married in 1935 Emanuela de Dampierre, of noble French and Italian, but also both New England and Virginia ancestry, and left two sons, the Dukes of Cádiz and Aquitaine. The latter has no legitimate children but the former (d. 1989) married a granddaughter of Franco and himself left two sons. The elder of these last died at age 11; the younger, Luís Alfonso, Duke of Anjou since 1989, is considered by some “legitimists” to be the senior representative (despite the “unequal” marriages of his father and grandfather) of the Bourbon kings of France.

    Next week I shall return to bibliography and identify some printed sources that may be used quickly to spot readily traceable lines. That essay will be in part a summary of advice in previous columns.

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